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Jefferson County, Tennessee
Jefferson-County-Courthouse-tennessee2.jpg
Jefferson County Courthouse in Dandridge
Seal of Jefferson County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded June 11, 1792
Named for Thomas Jefferson[1]
Seat Dandridge
Largest city Jefferson City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

314 sq mi (813 km²)
274 sq mi (710 km²)
40 sq mi (104 km²), 13%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

54,683 increase
195/sq mi (75/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Jefferson County is an exurban[2] county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 54,863.[3] Its county seat is Dandridge.[4] Jefferson County is part of the Morristown Metropolitan Statistical Area with neighboring Grainger and Hamblen counties. The county, along with the Morristown MSA, is included in the Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville Combined Statistical Area.[5]

History[]

Jefferson County was established on June 11, 1792, by William Blount, Governor of the Southwest Territory.[6] It had been a part of Caswell County during the State of Franklin period (1784–1789). Its county seat, Dandridge, was settled in 1783.[6]

On the eve of the Civil War, Jefferson County, like most other counties in mountainous East Tennessee, was opposed to secession. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Jefferson County voters rejected secession by a margin of 1,987 to 603.[7] A railroad bridge at Strawberry Plains was among those targeted by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861.[8] This led to internal conflict in the area throughout the war, with men from the county enlisting in both of the rival armies.

On October 2, 2013, on I-40 in Jefferson County near the I-40 and I-81 split, a multi-vehicle collision involving a church bus, a tractor-trailer, and a SUV occurred at mile marker 423.[9] Tennessee Highway Patrol officials discovered that the church bus had blown a tire, leading it to merge into oncoming traffic, clipping the SUV and colliding with the semi-truck, causing it to burst into flames.[9] The accident resulted in 8 fatalities and 14 injuries.[9]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 314 square miles (810 km2), of which 274 square miles (710 km2) is land and 40 square miles (100 km2) (13%) is water.[10] The county is affected by two artificial lakes: Douglas Lake, created by the damming of the French Broad River in the south, and Cherokee Lake, created by the damming of the Holston River in the north.

Adjacent counties[]

State protected areas[]

  • Henderson Island Refuge

Transportation[]

Principal highways[]

  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 I-40
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 I-81
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 US-11E
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 US-25E
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 US-25W
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 US-411
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link Sec|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev Sec]]
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link TN|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev TN]]
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link TN|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev TN]]
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link TN|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev TN]]
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link TN|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev TN]]
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link TN|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev TN]]

Major surface routes[]

  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link Sec|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev Sec]]
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link Sec|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev Sec]]
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link Sec|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev Sec]]
  • Template:Jct/plate/TN/1 [[Template:Infobox road/TN/link Sec|Template:Infobox road/TN/abbrev Sec]]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 7,309
1820 8,953 22.5%
1830 11,801 31.8%
1840 12,076 2.3%
1850 13,204 9.3%
1860 16,043 21.5%
1870 19,476 21.4%
1880 15,846 −18.6%
1890 16,478 4.0%
1900 18,590 12.8%
1910 17,755 −4.5%
1920 17,677 −0.4%
1930 17,914 1.3%
1940 18,621 3.9%
1950 19,667 5.6%
1960 21,493 9.3%
1970 24,940 16.0%
1980 31,284 25.4%
1990 33,016 5.5%
2000 44,294 34.2%
2010 51,407 16.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2020[3]

Age pyramid Jefferson County[15]

2020 census[]

Jefferson County racial composition[16]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 48,975 89.56%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 787 1.44%
Native American 159 0.29%
Asian 257 0.47%
Pacific Islander 20 0.04%
Other/Mixed 2,093 3.83%
Hispanic or Latino 2,392 4.37%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 54,683 people, 20,154 households, and 13,998 families residing in the county.

2000 census[]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 44,294 people, 17,155 households, and 12,608 families residing in the county. The population density was 162 people per square mile (62/km2). There were 19,319 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile (27/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.66% White, 2.32% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,155 households, out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.90% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males. However, the last statistic is somewhat misleading because of female longevity, and if adults 18-65 were considered, the numbers would be very close to equal.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,824, and the median income for a family was $38,537. Males had a median income of $29,123 versus $20,269 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,841. About 9.60% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.90% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[]

According to a data profile produced by the Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development in 2018,[18] the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Jefferson County Board of Education 1,100
2 Bush Brothers and Company 500
3 Nyrstar 450
4 Carson–Newman University 320
5 Walmart (Jefferson City) 300
6 Jefferson County Government 300
7 Jefferson Memorial Hospital 205
8 Jefferson County Nursing Home 200
9 Matsuo Industries 180
10 Nashua Corporation 180

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Jefferson County, Tennessee[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 18,651 78.98% 4,654 19.71% 311 1.32%
2016 14,776 77.47% 3,494 18.32% 802 4.21%
2012 13,038 74.25% 4,232 24.10% 289 1.65%
2008 13,092 70.65% 5,178 27.94% 262 1.41%
2004 11,625 67.53% 5,469 31.77% 121 0.70%
2000 8,657 61.45% 5,226 37.10% 204 1.45%
1996 6,446 53.03% 4,688 38.57% 1,021 8.40%
1992 6,184 50.02% 4,740 38.34% 1,438 11.63%
1988 6,832 67.85% 3,168 31.46% 69 0.69%
1984 7,721 70.35% 3,185 29.02% 69 0.63%
1980 6,944 66.82% 3,180 30.60% 268 2.58%
1976 5,459 57.23% 3,995 41.89% 84 0.88%
1972 5,925 80.26% 1,357 18.38% 100 1.35%
1968 5,494 67.11% 1,494 18.25% 1,199 14.65%
1964 4,923 65.44% 2,600 34.56% 0 0.00%
1960 6,141 78.79% 1,620 20.79% 33 0.42%
1956 4,870 77.63% 1,338 21.33% 65 1.04%
1952 4,622 78.87% 1,228 20.96% 10 0.17%
1948 2,979 74.12% 900 22.39% 140 3.48%
1944 3,159 76.25% 966 23.32% 18 0.43%
1940 1,921 63.95% 1,062 35.35% 21 0.70%
1936 2,356 68.33% 1,079 31.29% 13 0.38%
1932 2,275 68.59% 975 29.39% 67 2.02%
1928 2,582 85.55% 436 14.45% 0 0.00%
1924 2,699 78.39% 712 20.68% 32 0.93%
1920 3,583 81.58% 741 16.87% 68 1.55%
1916 1,648 75.84% 520 23.93% 5 0.23%
1912 540 26.96% 514 25.66% 949 47.38%
1908 1,962 74.09% 662 25.00% 24 0.91%
1904 1,217 75.08% 380 23.44% 24 1.48%
1900 2,347 73.83% 816 25.67% 16 0.50%
1896 2,638 74.06% 902 25.32% 22 0.62%
1892 2,058 68.21% 764 25.32% 195 6.46%
1888 2,348 74.07% 806 25.43% 16 0.50%
1884 1,909 70.94% 736 27.35% 46 1.71%
1880 1,807 71.25% 693 27.33% 36 1.42%



Like all of Unionist East Tennessee, Jefferson County has been overwhelmingly Republican ever since the Civil War. No Democrat has carried the county in the century and a half since that time, and indeed only Southern Democrat Jimmy Carter in 1976 has managed to reach forty percent of Jefferson County's vote.

Education[]

K-12 public education in the county is conducted by Jefferson County Public Schools.

Communities[]

Cities[]

Towns[]

  • Dandridge (county seat)
  • New Market
  • White Pine (small portion in Hamblen)

Census-designated place[]

  • Strawberry Plains (partial, portions in Knox and Sevier)

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Belmont
  • Chestnut Hill
  • Shady Grove
  • Talbott (partial)

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Tennessee

References[]

  1. ^ Origins Of Tennessee County Names, Tennessee Blue Book 2005-2006, pages 508-513
  2. ^ "The United States: By Rural, Urban and Exurban Counties". March 17, 2009. https://dailyyonder.com/united-states-rural-urban-and-exurban-counties/2009/03/17/. 
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/47/47089.html. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  5. ^ "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas". Office of Management and Budget. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/omb/bulletins/2013/b13-01.pdf. 
  6. ^ a b Estle Muncy, "Jefferson County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 18 October 2013.
  7. ^ Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War (R. Clarke Company, 1899), p. 199.
  8. ^ Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War, pp. 370-406.
  9. ^ a b c Winter, Michael (October 2, 2013). "8 dead in church bus crash on I-40 in Tennessee". USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/10/02/fatal-tennessee-bus-crash/2910431/. 
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_47.txt. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/tn190090.txt. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  15. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US47089&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  18. ^ "Jefferson County: County Profile Tool". State of Tennessee. 2018. https://tnecd.com/counties/jefferson/. 
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 36°03′N 83°27′W / 36.05, -83.45


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jefferson County, Tennessee. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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