John Jenney, Jr. was born 21 December 1596 in Norwich, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom to John Jenney (1571-1600) and died 1644 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States of unspecified causes. He married Sarah Carey (1595-1660) 1 November 1614 in Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands.


1623 Voyage to Plymouth Colony

John Jenney grist mill in Plymouth MA today.

John Jenney was a passenger on the English ship Little James, which sailed from London in April, 1623, bound for Plymouth Colony. The ship was one of two to arrive safely that year and would remain in local waters to help with fishing and other chores. The Little James had two young men in charge – Master John Bridges, master mariner, and a novice Captain, Emmanuel Altham, a Merchant Adventurer.

He was a cooper (barrel maker) by occupation. Leiden records call him a “brewer’s man” of Norwich, Norfolk. He was ship’s cooper on Little James. Arrived on the Little James with wife Sarah and children Samuel, Abigail, and Sarah. Son Samuel was born on the ship. Captain Altham wrote on September 7, 1623 that “Good wife Jennings was brought abed of a son aboard our ship.” And: “was delivered of a child in the Ship a month before we cam [sic] a shore and both are well yet, God be praised.”

In the 1623 Plymouth Land Census he is “John Jenings” with 5 shares. He was a member of the 1626 Purchaser investment group as “Mr John Jenney”. In the 1627 cattle division he is “John Jene” with 5 members of his family and 6 members of the Hicks (Hickes) family listed with him in the 12th lot. Died after c.1643.

Jenney Grist Mill

Jenney mill sign.jpg

Nestled alongside bucolic Town Brook, and just a short walk from the waterfront and Mayflower II, the Plimoth Grist Mill tells the story of the grist (corn grinding) mill built by the Pilgrims in Plymouth Colony. After more than a decade of laboriously grinding corn by hand in wooden mortars, the colony authorized the construction of a water-powered corn grinding mill on Town Brook in 1636. Colonist John Jenney was given permission to run the mill and to take a portion of the corn that was brought for grinding as a payment or “toll.” After his death in 1644 John Jenney left the mill to his wife Sarah. Sarah, and later their son Samuel, ran the mill until 1683.

Today a recreation of the Plimoth Grist Mill is a major attraction at the Plymouth Colony historical site.

Marriage and Family

  1. Child Jenney (1614-1618)
  2. Child Jenney (1618-1618)
  3. Abigail Jenney (1621-1674) - traveled with family on Little James to America in 1623.
  4. Sarah Jenney (1622-1683) - traveled with family on Little James to America in 1623.
  5. Samuel Jenney (1623-1688) - baby Samuel born during voyage of Little James to America
  6. John Jenney (1627-1650)
  7. Susanna Jenney (1634-1654)


Offspring of John Jenney, Jr. and Sarah Carey (1595-1660)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Child Jenney (1614-1618)
Child Jenney (1618-1618)
Abigail Jenney (1621-1674) 1621 Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands 1674 Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States Henry Wood (1615-1670)
Sarah Jenney (1622-1683)
Samuel Jenney (1623-1688) May 1623 Onboard the Little James, Atlantic Ocean 1688 Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts Susanna Wood (1622-1655) Susanna Wood (1622-1655) Ann Lettice (1630-1687)
John Jenney (1627-1650)
Susanna Jenney (1634-1654) 1634 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts April 1654 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Benjamin Bartlett (1633-1691)



  • 1623 Plymouth Land Census
  • Plimoth Grist Mill - Plimoth Plantation Historical Site.
  • 'The Jenney Book: John Jenny of Plymouth, and His Descendants; Compiled from the Manuscripts of Bertha W. Clark and Susan C. Tufts with a Chapter on the Jennings Branch by Herman Winslow Jennings


Footnotes (including sources)