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Kane County, Illinois
Fabyan Windmill-13.JPG
The Fabyan Windmill in Geneva is on the National Register of Historic Places in Kane County, Illinois.
Seal of Kane County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Kane County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 16, 1836
Named for Elias Kane
Seat Geneva
Largest city Aurora
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

524 sq mi (1,357 km²)
520 sq mi (1,347 km²)
4.1 sq mi (11 km²), 0.8
Population
 -  Density


Congressional districts 6th, 8th, 11th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website countyofkane.org
Footnotes: [1]

Kane County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 515,269,[2] making it the fifth-most populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Geneva,[3] and its largest city is Aurora. Kane County is one of the collar counties of the metropolitan statistical area designated "ChicagoNapervilleElgin, IL–INWI" by the US Census.

History[]

Kane County was formed out of LaSalle County in 1836. The county was named in honor of Elias Kane, United States Senator from Illinois, and the first Secretary of State of Illinois.[4]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county's area was 524 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.[5] Its largest cities are along the Fox River.

Climate[]

Climate chart for Geneva, Illinois
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.62
 
29
10
 
 
1.52
 
35
16
 
 
2.57
 
46
26
 
 
3.88
 
59
36
 
 
3.91
 
71
46
 
 
4.34
 
81
56
 
 
4.39
 
84
61
 
 
4.38
 
82
58
 
 
3.50
 
75
50
 
 
2.71
 
63
38
 
 
3.17
 
47
28
 
 
2.40
 
34
16
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[6]


In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Geneva have ranged from a low of 10 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32.2 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1936. The average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.52 inches (39 mm) in February to 4.39 inches (112 mm) in July.[6]

Adjacent counties[]

Parks and recreation[]

  • Fox River Trail
  • Great Western Trail
  • Illinois Prairie Path
  • James "Pate" Philip State Park

Forest preserves[]

Kane County has an extensive forest preserve program, with numerous nature preserves, historic sites, and trails.[7]

  • Almon Underwood Prairie
  • Andersen Woods
  • Arlene Shoemaker
  • Aurora West
  • Barnes
  • Big Rock Forest Preserve & Campground
  • Binnie Forest Preserve
  • Blackberry Maples
  • Bliss Woods
  • Bolcum Road Wetlands
  • Bowes Creek Greenway Forest Preserve
  • Bowes Creek Woods Forest Preserve
  • Braeburn Marsh
  • Brewster Creek Forest Preserve
  • Brunner Family
  • Buffalo Park Forest Preserve
  • Burlington Prairie
  • Burnidge Forest Preserve/Paul Wolff Campground
  • Camp Tomo Chi-Chi Knolls
  • Campton
  • Cardinal Creek
  • Culver
  • Deer Valley Golf Course
  • Dick Young
  • Eagles Forest Preserve
  • Edgewater Greenway Forest Preserve
  • Elburn Forest Preserve
  • Elgin Shores
  • Fabyan
  • Ferson Creek
  • Fitchie Creek
  • Fox River Bluff East & Fox River Bluff West
  • Fox River Forested Fen Forest Preserve
  • Fox River Shores
  • Freeman Kame – Meagher
  • Glenwood Park Forest Preserve
  • Grunwald Farms
  • Gunnar Anderson
  • Hampshire Forest Preserve
  • Hampshire South Forest Preserve
  • Hannaford Woods/Nickels Farm
  • Helm Woods
  • Hoscheit Woods Forest Preserve
  • Hughes Creek Golf Club
  • Jack E. Cook Park & Forest Preserve
  • Jelkes Creek
  • Johnson's Mound
  • Jon J. Duerr
  • Kenyon Farm
  • Lake Run Forest Preserve
  • LeRoy Oakes
  • Les Arends
  • Lone Grove Forest Preserve
  • McLean Fen Forest Preserve
  • Meissner Prairie – Corron
  • Mill Creek
  • Muirhead Springs
  • New Haven Park
  • Oakhurst
  • Otter Creek
  • Pingree Grove Forest Preserve
  • Poplar Creek
  • Prairie Green
  • Raceway Woods
  • Raymond Street
  • Regole
  • Rutland Forest Preserve
  • Sauer Family Prairie Kame
  • Schweitzer Woods
  • Settler's Hill
  • Sleepy Hollow Ravine
  • Tekakwitha Woods
  • Tyler Creek Forest Preserve
  • Virgil Forest Preserve
  • Voyageur's Landing
  • Willoughby Farms

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 6,501
1850 16,703 156.9%
1860 30,062 80.0%
1870 39,091 30.0%
1880 44,939 15.0%
1890 65,061 44.8%
1900 78,792 21.1%
1910 91,862 16.6%
1920 99,499 8.3%
1930 125,327 26.0%
1940 130,206 3.9%
1950 150,388 15.5%
1960 208,246 38.5%
1970 251,005 20.5%
1980 278,405 10.9%
1990 317,471 14.0%
2000 404,119 27.3%
2010 515,269 27.5%
Est. 2019 532,403 [8] 31.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2019[2]

2000 census age pyramid for Kane County

As of the 2010 census, there were 515,269 people, 170,479 households, and 128,323 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 990.8 inhabitants per square mile (382.6 /km2). There were 182,047 housing units at an average density of 350.1 per square mile (135.2 /km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 74.6% white, 5.7% black or African American, 3.5% Asian, 0.6% American Indian, 13.0% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 30.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.3% were German, 13.0% were Irish, 7.9% were Polish, 7.4% were Italian, 7.1% were English, and 2.4% were American.

Of the 170,479 households, 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.7% were non-families, and 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45. The median age was 34.5 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $67,767 and the median income for a family was $77,998. Males had a median income of $53,833 versus $39,206 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,480. About 7.0% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Education[]

  • Aurora University
  • Elgin Community College
  • Judson University
  • Waubonsee Community College

Infrastructure[]

Health care[]

There are several hospitals serving the county:

  • Advocate Sherman Hospital, Elgin
  • Northwestern Medicine Delnor Hospital, Geneva
  • Presence Mercy Medical Center, Aurora
  • Presence Saint Joseph Hospital, Elgin
  • Rush-Copley Medical Center, Aurora

Transportation[]

  • Metra
  • Pace

Airport[]

  • Aurora Municipal Airport

Major highways[]

Kane county has an extensive county highway system that includes federal, state and county maintained routes. During the years that the county was represented by Dennis Hastert it received many federal earmarks for highway improvements to respond to population growth. In addition, the county has entered into an agreement with the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority to operate a limited access toll bridge on the Longmeadow Parkway that is not connected to any other tollway.

  • I-88.svg Interstate 88
  • I-90.svg Interstate 90
  • US 20.svg U.S. Highway 20
  • US 30.svg U.S. Highway 30
  • US 34.svg U.S. Highway 34
  • Illinois 19.svg Illinois Route 19
  • Illinois 25.svg Illinois Route 25
  • Illinois 31.svg Illinois Route 31
  • Illinois 38.svg Illinois Route 38
  • Illinois 47.svg Illinois Route 47
  • Illinois 56.svg Illinois Route 56
  • Illinois 58.svg Illinois Route 58
  • Illinois 62.svg Illinois Route 62
  • Illinois 64.svg Illinois Route 64
  • Illinois 68.svg Illinois Route 68
  • Illinois 72.svg Illinois Route 72
  • Illinois 110.svg Illinois Route 110
  • Kane County Route 17
  • Randall Road

Communities[]

Cities[]

Villages[]

Census-designated place[]

  • Prestbury

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Allens Corners
  • Almora
  • Bald Mound
  • Bowes
  • Five Island Park
  • Freeman
  • La Fox
  • Mooseheart
  • North Plato
  • Nottingham Woods
  • Plato Center
  • Rainbow Hills
  • Starks
  • Udina
  • Valley View
  • Wasco

Townships[]

  • Aurora Township
  • Batavia Township
  • Big Rock Township
  • Blackberry Township
  • Burlington Township
  • Campton Township
  • Dundee Township
  • Elgin Township
  • Geneva Township
  • Hampshire Township
  • Kaneville Township
  • Plato Township
  • Rutland Township
  • St. Charles Township
  • Sugar Grove Township
  • Virgil Township

Politics[]

As one of the Yankee-settled and prosperous suburban “collar counties”, Kane County was a stronghold of the Free Soil Party in its first few elections, being one of nine Illinois counties to give a plurality to Martin van Buren in 1848. Kane County then unsurprisingly became solidly Republican for the century and a half following that party's formation. It voted for the GOP Presidential nominee in every election between 1856 and 2004 except that of 1912 when the Republican Party was mortally divided and Progressive Theodore Roosevelt carried the county with a majority of the vote over conservative incumbent William Howard Taft.

The gradual shift of the GOP towards white Southern Evangelicals, however, has led the generally moderate electorate of Kane and the other “collar counties” to trend towards the Democratic Party. In 2008, then-Illinois Senator Barack Obama became the first Democrat to carry Kane County since Franklin Pierce in 1852, and the first ever to win an absolute majority of the county's vote (the previous two Democratic winners, Pierce and James K. Polk in 1844 had both gained only pluralities due to strong Free Soil votes). Obama won a plurality in 2012, and Hillary Clinton improved upon Obama's showing to become the second Democrat to win a majority in 2016.

United States presidential election results for Kane County, Illinois[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 96,775 41.74% 130,166 56.14% 4,935 2.13%
2016 82,734 41.43% 103,665 51.91% 13,288 6.65%
2012 88,335 48.61% 90,332 49.71% 3,058 1.68%
2008 83,963 43.42% 106,756 55.21% 2,644 1.37%
2004 92,065 55.03% 73,813 44.12% 1,419 0.85%
2000 76,996 54.45% 60,127 42.52% 4,282 3.03%
1996 54,375 47.41% 47,902 41.77% 12,416 10.83%
1992 55,684 43.52% 44,568 34.84% 27,686 21.64%
1988 66,283 64.10% 36,366 35.17% 763 0.74%
1984 72,655 69.09% 31,875 30.31% 629 0.60%
1980 64,106 61.77% 29,015 27.96% 10,663 10.27%
1976 59,275 62.15% 34,057 35.71% 2,042 2.14%
1972 64,546 69.87% 27,525 29.80% 306 0.33%
1968 54,144 61.94% 26,609 30.44% 6,667 7.63%
1964 46,391 53.27% 40,703 46.73% 0 0.00%
1960 55,389 63.84% 31,279 36.05% 93 0.11%
1956 56,009 72.82% 20,848 27.10% 59 0.08%
1952 50,801 67.78% 24,058 32.10% 96 0.13%
1948 39,284 64.41% 21,176 34.72% 532 0.87%
1944 38,689 62.16% 23,362 37.54% 185 0.30%
1940 41,949 61.77% 25,676 37.81% 289 0.43%
1936 33,491 52.55% 28,187 44.23% 2,051 3.22%
1932 32,934 56.15% 24,638 42.00% 1,084 1.85%
1928 38,236 69.94% 16,184 29.60% 253 0.46%
1924 32,717 76.34% 3,517 8.21% 6,624 15.46%
1920 26,832 82.82% 4,323 13.34% 1,243 3.84%
1916 23,868 67.71% 9,875 28.01% 1,506 4.27%
1912 2,415 12.67% 4,394 23.05% 12,257 64.29%
1908 12,840 70.29% 4,316 23.63% 1,111 6.08%
1904 12,638 75.64% 2,799 16.75% 1,271 7.61%
1900 12,031 67.55% 5,259 29.53% 521 2.93%
1896 12,133 69.94% 4,852 27.97% 362 2.09%
1892 7,977 53.80% 5,778 38.97% 1,072 7.23%



See also[]

  • Dundee Township Park District
  • Fermilab
  • Fox River (Illinois River tributary)
  • Golden Corridor
  • Illinois Technology and Research Corridor
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Kane County, Illinois
  • Tri-Cities, Illinois

Notable people[]

  • Patricia Golden
  • Frank D. Weir

References[]

  1. ^ "Kane County". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:424246. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/17/17089.html. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 172. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY10/0500000US17089. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Geneva, Illinois". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIL0447. 
  7. ^ "Forest Preserves". Forest Preserve District of Kane County. http://www.kaneforest.com/findPreserve.aspx. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/tables/2010-2019/counties/totals/. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/il190090.txt. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  13. ^ a b "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US17089. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US17089. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
General
  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990: From the Twenty-One Decennial Censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 41°57′N 88°26′W / 41.95, -88.433

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