Karigaila of Lithuania was born circa 1364 to Algirdas (1296-1377) and Uliana Aleksandrovna of Tver (c1325-1392) and died 16 September 1390 Vilnius, Lithuania of unspecified causes. Charlemagne (747-814), Alfred the Great (849-899)/s, Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Hugh Capet (c940-996)/s, Rollo of Normandy (860-932)/s.
Karigaila (Polish: Korygiełło, died on September 16, 1390 in Vilnius) was a son of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his second wife Uliana of Tver. He became the ruler of Mstislavl after he captured it from the Principality of Smolensk. He is sometimes mistaken for his brother Konstantin, who was the founder of the House of Czartoryski.
After his older brother Jogaila signed the Union of Krewo, Karigaila was baptized as Casimir in Kraków in March 1386. He then left Poland for the eastern part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in order to subdue his half-brother Andrei of Polotsk, who had renewed his struggle for power against Jogaila. On April 18, 1386 he and his other brother soundly defeated Sviatoslav of Smolensk, who had allied himself with Andrei and attacked Mstsislaw, during the Battle of the Vikhra River. During the Lithuanian Civil War (1389–1392) Karigaila commanded the defense of the castle in Vilnius. The castle fell and he was killed. His brother Jogaila, now king of Poland, charged that Karigaila was taken captive and executed by decapitation by the Teutonic Knights; the Knights denied this and claimed that Karigaila was killed during the battle. Karigaila was buried at Vilnius Cathedral.
- ^ a b c d (Lithuanian) Vytautas Spečiūnas, ed (2004). "Karigaila". Lietuvos valdovai (XIII-XVIII a.): enciklopedinis žinynas. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. p. 58. ISBN 5-420-01535-8.
- ^ Ripley, George; Charles Anderson Dana (1874). "Chartoryski". The American Cyclopaedia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge. V. New York: D. Appleton and Company . p. 623. http://books.google.com/books?id=nZ0UAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA623.
- ^ Urban, William (2006). Samogitian Crusade. Chicago: Lithuanian Research and Studies Center. p. 200. ISBN 0-929700-56-2.
- ^ (Lithuanian) "Arkikatedra Bazilika". The Directorate of the State Cultural Reserve of Vilnius Castles. http://www.vilniauspilys.lt/arkikatedra2. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
| NAME = Karigaila | ALTERNATIVE NAMES = | SHORT DESCRIPTION = Lithuanian duke, son of Algirdas, ruler of Mstsislaw | DATE OF BIRTH = 1364 | PLACE OF BIRTH = | DATE OF DEATH = September 16, 1390 | PLACE OF DEATH = Vilnius }}
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