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Kennebec County, Maine
Seal of Kennebec County, Maine
Seal
Map of Maine highlighting Kennebec County
Location in the state of Maine
Map of the U.S. highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Founded 1799
Seat Augusta
Largest city Augusta
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

951.18 sq mi (2,464 km²)
867.58 sq mi (2,247 km²)
83.60 sq mi (217 km²), 8.79%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

123,642
140.7/sq mi (54.33/km²)
Website www.kennebeccounty.org

Kennebec County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. In 2020, its population was 123,642. Its county seat is Augusta.[1] The center of population of Maine is located in Kennebec County, in the city of Augusta.[2]

Kennebec County was established on 20 February 1799 from portions of Cumberland and Lincoln Counties.

Geography[]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 951.18 square miles (2,463.5 km2), of which 867.58 square miles (2,247.0 km2) (or 91.21%) is land and 83.60 square miles (216.5 km2) (or 8.79%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 24,571
1810 32,564 32.5%
1820 42,623 30.9%
1830 52,485 23.1%
1840 55,823 6.4%
1850 62,521 12.0%
1860 55,655 −11.0%
1870 53,203 −4.4%
1880 53,058 −0.3%
1890 57,012 7.5%
1900 59,117 3.7%
1910 62,863 6.3%
1920 63,844 1.6%
1930 70,691 10.7%
1940 77,231 9.3%
1950 83,881 8.6%
1960 89,150 6.3%
1970 95,247 6.8%
1980 109,889 15.4%
1990 115,904 5.5%
2000 117,114 1.0%
2010 122,151 4.3%
[4][5][6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 117,114 people, 47,683 households, and 31,327 families residing in the county. The population density was 135 people per square mile (52/km²). There were 56,364 housing units at an average density of 65 per square mile (25/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.6% were of English, 17.4% French, 13.4% French Canadian, 10.9% United States or American and 9.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.5% spoke only English at home, while 5.48% spoke French [1].

There were 47,683 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,498, and the median income for a family was $43,814. Males had a median income of $32,279 versus $24,032 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,520. About 8.50% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[]

  • Albion
  • Augusta
  • Belgrade
  • Benton
  • Chelsea
  • China
  • Clinton
  • Farmingdale
  • Fayette
  • Gardiner
  • Hallowell
  • Litchfield
  • Manchester
  • Monmouth
  • Mount Vernon
  • Oakland
  • Pittston
  • Randolph
  • Readfield
  • Rome
  • Sidney
  • Vassalboro
  • Vienna
  • Waterville
  • Wayne
  • West Gardiner
  • Windsor
  • Winslow
  • Winthrop

The county also includes the unincorporated township of Unity.

Economy[]

Kennebec County's economy has traditionally been industrial. A large amount of paper and textiles were produced, and mills sprung up all along the Kennebec river. The median house hold income is currently $36,498. The unemployment rate is currently at 4.2% (lower than it has been in a year).

Education[]

There are three colleges: Colby College and Thomas (both in Waterville), and the University of Maine at Augusta. There are 19 school districts (however, 4 are consolidated ones). In China Maine, there is no public Highschool, but a private school (Erskine Academy) exists, and the town pays for students tuition if they choose to attend. Students from Vassalboro can pick from one of four school districts (Cony in Augusta, Erskine, Winslow, or Waterville). However, many towns have local public highschools.

Religion[]

There are many churches in Kennebec county, the largest being: Baptist, Methodist, Episcopalian, Congregationalist, Unitarian, Church of the Nazarene, Church of Christ, Adventist and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). However, the largest single denomination is Roman Catholicism.

Politics[]

Kennebec County has consistently voted for Democrats in recent elections, until 2016 when it voted for Donald Trump, the first time since 1988. While the more rural areas support the Republican Party, the urban areas are strongly Democratic. Kennebec County is the only county in Maine that is split between Maine's two congressional districts. The larger, southern portion of the county is in the 1st Congressional District of Maine, while the northern, smaller portion is in the 2nd Congressional District of Maine.

Voter registration[]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of May 2019 [8]
Unenrolled 32,904 34.8%
Democratic 30,205 31.94%
Republican 27,378 28.95%
Green Independent 4,070 4.3%
Libertarian 6 0.01%
Total 94,564 100%
United States presidential election results for Kennebec County, Maine[9]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 34,721 48.32% 34,902 48.57% 2,235 3.11%
2016 31,675 47.84% 29,302 44.26% 5,231 7.90%
2012 26,519 41.76% 35,068 55.23% 1,910 3.01%
2008 27,482 41.65% 37,238 56.43% 1,266 1.92%
2004 29,761 44.57% 35,616 53.34% 1,395 2.09%
2000 23,967 40.69% 31,198 52.96% 3,742 6.35%
1996 15,403 27.68% 30,257 54.37% 9,994 17.96%
1992 17,135 26.81% 25,125 39.31% 21,661 33.89%
1988 27,734 53.60% 23,578 45.57% 433 0.84%
1984 31,753 59.70% 21,183 39.82% 255 0.48%
1980 21,517 43.84% 20,943 42.67% 6,617 13.48%
1976 22,534 47.53% 23,473 49.51% 1,400 2.95%
1972 24,617 59.99% 16,379 39.91% 39 0.10%
1968 16,009 41.81% 21,752 56.81% 531 1.39%
1964 11,307 31.28% 24,813 68.65% 23 0.06%
1960 21,699 54.31% 18,252 45.69% 0 0.00%
1956 23,028 66.73% 11,483 33.27% 0 0.00%
1952 21,207 63.59% 12,113 36.32% 31 0.09%
1948 13,923 55.12% 11,163 44.19% 174 0.69%
1944 14,335 50.42% 14,070 49.49% 25 0.09%
1940 14,877 48.36% 15,861 51.56% 27 0.09%
1936 14,987 55.34% 11,268 41.61% 826 3.05%
1932 14,451 53.93% 12,110 45.19% 236 0.88%
1928 15,541 65.14% 8,226 34.48% 92 0.39%
1924 13,122 72.26% 4,184 23.04% 853 4.70%
1920 12,333 68.62% 5,466 30.41% 174 0.97%
1916 6,731 53.71% 5,527 44.11% 273 2.18%
1912 1,782 15.20% 4,397 37.50% 5,547 47.31%
1908 6,133 65.99% 2,871 30.89% 290 3.12%
1904 5,765 68.68% 2,333 27.79% 296 3.53%
1900 6,228 62.60% 3,410 34.27% 311 3.13%
1896 7,889 71.70% 2,817 25.60% 297 2.70%
1892 6,165 57.27% 4,094 38.03% 506 4.70%
1888 7,453 62.46% 4,139 34.69% 340 2.85%
1884 7,572 61.30% 3,906 31.62% 874 7.08%
1880 7,771 59.00% 5,001 37.97% 400 3.04%



See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Kennebec County, Maine

References[]

External links[]

Coordinates: 44°25′N 69°46′W / 44.41, -69.77


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Kennebec County, Maine. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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