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Konstantin Davydovich was born 1184 to Davyd Rostislavich of Novgorod (1140-1197) and died 1210 of unspecified causes.

Konstantin Davydovich (c. 1184/1192 ][1][2]- the prince from the Smolensk branch of Monomakh, the son of Davyd Rostislavich and his second wife, probably a relative (daughter?) Yaroslav Vsevolodovich of Chernigov [3]-. Presumably the ancestor of the princes Fominsky and Berezuysky .

Biography

He is mentioned for the first time in 1197, when his father Davyd Rostislavich, dying in Smolensk, transferred the young prince under the care of his brother Ryurik[4].The “Rus'” of the chronicle message should be interpreted in the narrow sense[5] - as the territory around Kiev, subject to the Grand Prince of Kiev.

Konstantin Davydovich’s activities are not covered in Russian sources, but information about him is contained in the Polish Chronicle of Jan Długosz. According to Dlugosz, Konstantin participated in the campaign of the Rostislavites against Lithuania. This campaign is not reflected in the Russian chronicles, and the date of the campaign given by Dlugosz - 1207 - is an anachronism. Modern commentators "Chronicles" date the event 1216 or 1217 [1] [6]. Soon after, Konstantin died. The second and last chronicle mention of a prince reports on his death under the year 1217/1218: “Konstantin Davydovich reprisal his grandson Rostislavl Mstislavich[7].[8]


The annals do not mention which principality was ruled by Konstantin Davydovich. Rurik, apparently, endowed him with some sort of inheritance in his possessions [9]. Does the Ukrainian historian L. V. Voitovich consider him a prince of Poros in 1197–1218? years [10]. According to the genealogical mural shown in P. V. Dolgorukov’s “Russian genealogy book” , he was an ancestor of the Fominsky princes [11]. This thesis is not confirmed in the original sources, but some researchers consider it reliable. [12][13][14]. According to the author, the painting is based on an ancient genealogy, which belonged to Prince DI Khvorostinin in the 16th century, and at the beginning of the XIX century A. I. Musin-Pushkin and burned down in a fire in 1812. There is another version of the Fominsky family tree, shown in the Velvet Book [15], according to which they come not from Konstantin Davydovich, but from Yury Svyatoslavich , but this version is chronologically impossible [7][11].

It has been suggested that Konstantin Davydovich is identical with Konstantin Polotsky. It is believed that Prince Constantine, who was not of exact origin, occupied the Polotsk table in the middle of the 13th century, and then, possibly, became the Vitebsk prince [16]. The reign of Constantine in Polotsk is known by the mention in the 1264 treaty of Prince Gerden with the Livonian Master. In it, Gerdeni confirms the terms of a contract concluded once by Konstantin. The time of Konstantin’s rule in Polotsk is not precisely known, and the British historian Stephen Rowell proposed identifying Konstantin Polotsky with the son of Davyd Rostislavich, who died in 1218. Vitebsk Prince Constantine, according to Rowell, is another person [17]

Family

The chronicles are silent about Konstantin Davydovich's wife or children. According to the Russian Book of the Genealogies, he had a son, Yuri Konstantinovich, Prince of Fominsk and Berezuysk [11]{{ref+|According to the collection of biographies of "All the monarchs of the world. Russia "his name was Gleb Konstantinovich[18]. Not all researchers recognize his existence, for example, the Polish historian Dariusz Dombrowski considers information about him as the result of an error [19].


Notes

  1. ^ a b Рыбаков Б. А. (2013). Киевская Русь и русские княжества XII-XIII вв. Происхождение Руси и становление ее государственности. Древняя Русь: Духовная культура и государственность. Moscow: Академический проект. p. 65—66. ISBN 978-5-8291-1516-6. 
  2. ^ Домбровский Д. - Генеалогия Мстиславичей: Первые поколения (до начала XIV в.) / Пер. и вступ. слово к рус. изд. К. Ю. Ерусалимского и О. А. Остапчук. — Sankt Petersburg, Дмитрий Буланин, 2015. pp 513-518. — (Studiorum Slavicorum Orbis: Вып. 10). — ISBN 978-5-86007-806-2. — ISSN 2220-5489. - 1217/1218)
  3. ^ Домбровский Д. - Генеалогия Мстиславичей: Первые поколения (до начала XIV в.) / Пер. и вступ. слово к рус. изд. К. Ю. Ерусалимского и О. А. Остапчук. — Sankt Petersburg, Дмитрий Буланин, 2015. pp 448-454. — (Studiorum Slavicorum Orbis: Вып. 10). — ISBN 978-5-86007-806-2. — ISSN 2220-5489. - 1217/1218)
  4. ^ (1843) "Полное собрание русских летописей" 2 : Ипатьевская летопись: 377. 
  5. ^ Рыбаков Б. А. (2013). Киевская Русь и русские княжества XII-XIII вв. Происхождение Руси и становление ее государственности. Древняя Русь: Духовная культура и государственность. Мpscow: Академический проект. p. 65—66. ISBN 978-5-8291-1516-6. 
  6. ^ Щавелева Н. И. (2004). А. В. Назаренко. ed. Древняя Русь в Польской истории Яна Длугоша (книги I-VI): Текст, перевод, комментарий. Древнейшие источники по истории Восточной Европы. Moscow: Памятники исторической мысли. p. 446. ISBN 5-88451-135-3. 
  7. ^ a b М. Н. Тихомиров, ed (1949). Полное собрание русских летописей. 25 : Московский летописный свод конца XV века. Мoscow — Leningrad: Академия наук СССР. pp. 463. 
  8. ^ (The historian N. D. Kvashnin-Samarin noted that the message initially could have been about another Konstantin Davydovich, the son of Davyd Olgovich , known from the Lyubetsky synodics Kvashnin-Samarin N. D. - Research on the history of the principalities of Rzhevsky and Fominsky. - Tver, 1887, p.39
  9. ^ Рапов О. М.. Под ред. акад. Б. А. Рыбакова. ed. Княжеские владения на Руси в X — первой половине XIII в.. Мoscow: Московский государственный университет. 
  10. ^ Войтович Л. - Княжеские династии Восточной Европы Смоленська гілка Рюриковича. Смоленська і Ярославська династії
  11. ^ a b c Долгоруков П. В. (1854). Российская родословная книга. Часть первая. Sankt Petersburg.. p. 139—141. 
  12. ^ Квашнин-Самарин Н. Д. Исследование об истории княжеств Ржевского и Фоминского. — Тверь : Тип. Губ. правл, 1887. — 39 с.
  13. ^ Голубовский П. В. (1895). История Смоленской земли до начала XV ст. К.: Printer Императорского университета Св. Владимира. 
  14. ^ Горский А. А. (1996). Русские земли в XIII - XIV веках: Пути политического развития. Институт Российской истории РАН. p. 39. ISBN 5-201-00608-6. http://medievalrus.csu.ru/bible/Gorsky_1996.shtml. 
  15. ^ Веселовский С. Б. (1969). Исследования по истории класса служилых землевладельцев. Мoscow: Наука. p. 363. 
  16. ^ (2004). "Полацкі князь Канстанцін і гісторыя Інфлянтаў у трэцяй чвэрці XIII ст" 11. Сшытак 1-2 (20-21): 3—25. ISSN 1392–902X. 
  17. ^ Rowell S. C. Lithuania Ascending. A Pagan Empire Within East–Central Europe, 1295—1345. — Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1994. — Vol. 4. — P. 20—21. — 375 p. — ISBN 0-521-45011-X. — ISSN 0950-6314.
  18. ^ (1998). Все монархи мира. Россия. Мoscow: Вече. p. 582. ISBN 5-7838-0268-9. http://www.hrono.info/libris/ryzov00.html. 
  19. ^ Домбровский Д. - Генеалогия Мстиславичей: Первые поколения (до начала XIV в.) / Пер. и вступ. слово к рус. изд. К. Ю. Ерусалимского и О. А. Остапчук. — Sankt Petersburg, Дмитрий Буланин, 2015. pp 751. — (Studiorum Slavicorum Orbis: Вып. 10). — ISBN 978-5-86007-806-2. — ISSN 2220-5489. - 1217/1218)



Children



Offspring of Konstantin Davydovich and unknown parent
Name Birth Death Joined with
Yuri Konstantinovich (c1205-c1240) 1205 1240










Siblings

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

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