Krasnodar Krai
Краснодарский край (Russian)
—  Krai  —


Coat of arms
Anthem: Anthem of Krasnodar Krai[1]
Coordinates: 45°22′N 39°26′E / 45.367, 39.433Coordinates: 45°22′N 39°26′E / 45.367, 39.433
Political status
Country Russia
Federal district Southern[2]
Economic region North Caucasus[3]
Established September 13, 1937[4]
Administrative center Krasnodar[5]
Government (as of September 2014)
 - Head of Administration (Governor)[6] Veniamin Kondratev[7]
 - Legislature Legislative Assembly[8]
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[9]
 - Total 76,000 km2 (29,343.8 sq mi)
Area rank 42nd
Population (2010 Census)[10]
 - Total 5,226,647
 - Rank 3rd
 - Density[11] 68.77 /km2 (178.1 /sq mi)
 - Urban 52.9%
 - Rural 47.1%
Population (2017 est.)5,570,945 inhabitants[12]
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[13]
ISO 3166-2 RU-KDA
License plates 23, 93, 123
Official languages Russian[14]
Official website

Krasnodar Krai (Russian: Краснода́рский край, tr. Krasnodarsky krai) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the North Caucasus region in Southern Russia and administratively a part of the Southern Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Krasnodar. The third most-populous federal subject, the krai had a population of 5,226,647 as of the 2010 Census.[10]

Krasnodar Krai is formally and informally referred to as Kuban, a term denoting a historical region of the same name between the Black Sea and the Kuban River which is mostly composed of the krai's territory. It is bordered by Rostov Oblast to the north, Stavropol Krai to the east, Karachay-Cherkessia to the south-east, and Adygea is an enclave entirely within the krai. Krasnodar Krai shares an international border with Georgia to the south, and a disputed border with Crimea across the Kerch Strait.

The northern part of the krai belongs to the Don Steppe, while southern region's Mediterranean climate has made it a popular tourist location. Novorossiysk is Russia's main port on the Black Sea, one of the few cities awarded the title of the Hero City, and Sochi was host of the XXII Olympic Winter Games in 2014. Krasnodar Krai is home to significant infrastructure of the Russian Navy's Black Sea Fleet.


Krasnodar Krai is located in the southwestern part of the North Caucasus and borders with Rostov Oblast in the northeast, Stavropol Krai and Karachay-Cherkessia in the east, and with the breakaway republic of Abkhazia (claimed by Georgia) in the south.[15] The Republic of Adygea is completely encircled by the krai territory. The krai's Taman Peninsula is situated between the Sea of Azov in the north and the Black Sea in the south.[16] In the west, the Kerch Strait separates the krai from the Crimean Peninsula.[16] At its widest extent, the krai stretches for 327 kilometers (203 mi) from north to south and for 360 kilometers (220 mi) from east to west.[15]

The krai is split into two distinct parts by the Kuban River, which gave its name to this entire geographic region.[16] The southern, seaward part is the western extremity of the Caucasus range, lying within the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion;[17] the climate is Mediterranean or, in the southeast, subtropical.[16] The northern part is a steppe zone which shares continental climate patterns.[16]

A hilly landscape near Goryachy Klyuch

The height of the mountains exceeds 3,000 meters (9,800 ft), with Mount Tsakhvoa being the highest at 3,346 meters (10,978 ft).[16] Mount Fisht, at 2,867 meters (9,406 ft), is the Great Caucasus' westernmost peak with a glacier.[16]

Mount Tsakhvoa is the highest peak in Krasnodar Krai

The Black Sea coast stretches from the Kerch Strait to Adler and is shielded by Caucasus Mountains from the cold northern winds.[16] Numerous small mountain rivers flow in the coastal areas, often creating picturesque waterfalls.[16]

Pshadskiye Waterfalls

Lake Abrau, located in the wine-making region of Abrau-Dyurso, is the largest lake in the northeastern Caucasus region.[16] Lake Ritsa is considered to be one of the most picturesque lakes in the region and "the diamond of Caucasus"; it is located in an intermountain basin at the height of 884 meters (2,900 ft) above sea level.[16]

Lake Abrau


The region's earliest known inhabitants are referred to, generically, as the Maiōtai (after the Greek name for the Sea of Azov)). During the 6th Century BCE, Pontic Greeks, founded the area's first cities, such as Phanagoria (near modern Sennoy) and Hermonassa (on the Taman Peninsula), who traded with nomadic tribes including the Skuthai (Scythians) and Sindi.

From the 8th to the 10th centuries, the area was dominated by the Khazars, a Turkic people who had earlier migrated from the east onto the Pontic-Caspian Steppe, where they reputedly converted to Judaism. After the defeat of the Khazar Khanate in 965 Kievan prince Svyatoslav conquered the area, it came under the rule of Kievan Rus', and it then formed the Tmutarakan principality. Later, due to the increasing claims of Byzantium at the end of the 11th century, the Tmutarakan principality came under the authority of the Byzantine emperors (until 1204).

In that period of history, the Circassians were first mentioned, under the ethnonym Kasogs. For example, Rededi Prince Kasozhsky was mentioned in The Tale of Igor's Campaign.

In 1243–1438 the current territory of the Kuban was part of the Golden Horde. After the collapse of the latter, parts of Kuban were held under the Crimean Khanate, Circassia, and the Ottoman Empire, which dominated the region. The Tsardom of Russia began to challenge the protectorate of the Ottoman Empire in the area during the Russian-Turkish wars.

In April 1783, by decree of Catherine II, right-bank Kuban and Taman Peninsula were annexed to the Russian Empire. In the years 1792–1793 Cossacks moved here from Zaporozhye, now located in Ukraine, and formed the Black Sea Area troops, with the creation of a solid cordon line for the Kuban River and the marginalization of the neighboring Circassians.

During the campaign for control of the North Caucasus (Caucasian war 1763–1864) to Russia in 1829 pushed the Ottoman Empire and the 1830s. Border was marked on the Black Sea coast. For this see Russian conquest of the Western Caucasus.

In 1783 present northern territory of Kuban region, became part of Russia after the liquidation of the Crimean Khanate. To protect the river Kuban, a border garrison was here in the years 1793–1794. The remains were relocated to the Cossacks, initiating development of the region. Administrative region received the status of "Land of Black Sea Cossack Army".

Before the October Revolution of 1917, most of the territory of modern Kuban-Krasnodar territory occupied area, formed in 1860 from the Black Sea Cossack Army, the western part of the Caucasus Line Cossack troops. Kuban region was a territory of the Kuban Cossack Army.

In 1900 the region's population numbered around two million people. In 1913 the gross grain harvest Kuban region entered the 2nd place in Russia, for the production of marketable grain – in the 1st place.

Krasnodar Krai was founded on 13 September 1937, when Azov-Black Sea Krai of the Russian SFSR was split up in Krasnodar Krai and Rostov Oblast.


Krai Administration building in Krasnodar

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the krai was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Krasnodar CPSU Committee (who in reality had the greatest authority), the chairman of the Krai Soviet (legislative power), and the chairman of the Krai Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the krai administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Krasnodar Krai is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the krai government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The krai administration supports the activities of the governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the Krai Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Administrative divisions[]

Krasnodar Krai is administratively divided into thirty-eight rayons (districts) and fifteen cities of district equivalence. The districts and cities are further subdivided into eleven towns, plus urban-type settlements, and rural okrugs and stanitsa okrugs.

Urban Okrugs (Circles)

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
I Coat of arms of Smolenskaya Oblast.png Smolensk 288.5 326 863 1
II - Desnogorsk 43.0 31 063 2

Krasnodarsky Krai-admin.png

Coat of Arms of Abinsk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Герб Апшеронска.jpg
Coat of Arms of Beloglinsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of Arms of Belorechensky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of Arms of Bryukhovetsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).pngBryukhovetskaya
Coat of Arms of Vyselkovsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of Gulkevichi District.pngGulkevichi
Coat of Arms of Dinskoy rayon (Krasnodar krai).pngDinskaya
Coat of Arms of Eisk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Yeysk
Coat of Kavkazskii rayon.pngKavkazky
Coat of Arms of Kalininsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of Kanevsky rayon.gif
Coat of Arms of Korenovsk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of Krasnoarmeiskii rayon.png
Coat of Krylovskii rayon.png
Coat of Krymsky rayon.png
Coat of Arms of Kurganinsk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of Kuschevskii rayon.png
Coat of Labinskii rayon.png
Coat of Arms of Leningradsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of Mostovskoi rayon.png
Coat of Novokubanskii rayon.png
Coat of Novopokrovskii rayon.png
Coat of Otradnenskii rayon.png
Coat of Pavlovskii rayon.pngPavlovsk
Coat of Arms of Primorsko-Akhtarsk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of Arms of Seversky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of Arms of Slavyansky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png

Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png
Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png
Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).pngTyomkino
Coat of Arms of Ugra.jpg
Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png
Coat of arms holm-jirkovsky district.gif
Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png

Rayons (Districts):

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
'000 (2010)
'000 (2010)
1 Coat of Arms of Abinsk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Abinsk Rayon Abinsk
2 Anapa Rayon Anapa
3 Герб Апшеронска.jpg Gagarin Rayon Apsheronsk
4 Coat of Arms of Beloglinsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Belaya Glina Rayon Belaya Glina
5 Coat of Arms of Belorechensky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Belorechensk Rayon Belorechensk
6 Coat of Arms of Bryukhovetsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Bryukhovetskaya Rayon Bryukhovetskaya
7 Coat of Arms of Vyselkovsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Vyselki Rayon Vyselki
8 Coat of Gulkevichi District.png Gulkevichi Rayon Gulkevichi
9 Coat of Arms of Dinskoy rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Dinskaya Rayon Yershichi
10 Coat of Arms of Eisk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Yeysk Rayon Yeysk
11 Coat of Kavkazskii rayon.png Kavkazky Rayon Kropotkin
12 Coat of Arms of Kalininsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Kalinin Rayon Kalininskaya
13 Coat of Kanevsky rayon.gif Kanevsky Rayon Kanevskaya
14 Coat of Arms of Korenovsk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Korenovsk Rayon Korenovsk
15 Coat of Krasnoarmeiskii rayon.png Krasnoarmeysky Rayon Roslavl
16 Coat of Krylovskii rayon.png Krylovskaya Rayon Krylovskaya
17 Coat of Krymsky rayon.png Krymsk Rayon Krymsk
18 Coat of Arms of Kurganinsk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Kurganinsk Rayon Kurganinsk
19 Coat of Kuschevskii rayon.png Kushchyovskaya Rayon Kushchyovskaya
20 Coat of Labinskii rayon.png Labinsk Rayon Labinsk
21 Coat of Arms of Leningradsky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Leningrad Rayon Leningradskaya
22 Coat of Mostovskoi rayon.png Mostovskoy Rayon Mostovskoy
23 Coat of Novokubanskii rayon.png Novokubansk Rayon Novokubansk
24 Coat of Novopokrovskii rayon.png Novopokrovsk Rayon Novopokrovskaya
25 Coat of Otradnenskii rayon.png Otradnaya Rayon Otradnaya
26 Coat of Pavlovskii rayon.png Pavlovsk Rayon Pavlovskaya
27 Coat of Arms of Primorsko-Akhtarsk rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Primorsko Akhtarsk Rayon Primorsko Akhtarsk
28 Coat of Arms of Seversky rayon (Krasnodar krai).png Severskaya Rayon Severskaya
29 40px Slavyansk Rayon Slavyansk-na-Kubani

30 Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png Yartsevo Rayon 1618.9 16 55,903 4 Yartsevo 48,829
31 Coat of Arms of Ugra.jpg Ugra Rayon 2900.0 4 9.599 22 Ugra 4,510
32 Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png Khislavichi Rayon 1161.0 23 9,913 21 Khislavichi 4,325
33 Coat of arms holm-jirkovsky district.gif Kholm-Zhirkovsky Rayon 2033.4 11 10,943 19 Kholm-Zhirkovsky 3,470
34 Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png Shumyachi Rayon 1367.7 20 11,413 16 Shumyachi 4,387
35 Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png Yartsevo Rayon 1618.9 16 55,903 4 Yartsevo 48,829
36 Coat of Arms of Ugra.jpg Ugra Rayon 2900.0 4 9.599 22 Ugra 4,510
37 Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png Khislavichi Rayon 1161.0 23 9,913 21 Khislavichi 4,325
38 Coat of arms holm-jirkovsky district.gif Kholm-Zhirkovsky Rayon 2033.4 11 10,943 19 Kholm-Zhirkovsky 3,470
24 Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png Shumyachi Rayon 1367.7 20 11,413 16 Shumyachi 4,387
25 Coat of Arms of Yartsevo (Smolensk oblast).png Yartsevo Rayon 1618.9 16 55,903 4 Yartsevo 48,829


The ten largest cities in Krasnodar Krai are as follows:

Name Population (2017 est.)[18] Image Name Population (2017 est.)[19] Image
Krasnodar 881,476 Krasnodar teatr.jpg   Kropotkin 79,152 Южный фасад храма.jpg
Sochi 411,524 View on Sotsji from black sea.jpg   Anapa 75,375 Anapa beach.jpg
Novorossiysk 270,774 Novo-2010-08-27-043.jpg   Gelendzhik 74,887 Gelendzhik View of the city IMG 8367 1725.jpg
Armavir 190,871 Жилой дом с административными помещениями (с ул. К. Либкнехта) ..JPG   Slavyansk-na-Kubani 66,014 Храм Св. Пантелеймона.JPG
Yeysk 84,259 Ейский морской порт.jpg   Tuapse 62,841 ТIуапсы.jpg



Apsheronsk narrow-gauge railway

EMU train Lastotschka, Sochi

Several lines of Russian Railways cross the region and link it with Abkhazia, Ukraine, and neighboring Russian regions. There are direct trains from resort cities like Sochi and Anapa to Moscow, via Krasnodar, which become very popular during the summer vacation season. There are also suburb train connections. The Apsheronsk narrow-gauge railway, the longest mountain narrow-gauge railway in Russia, runs through Krasnodar Krai.

There are several airports in the region, including Krasnodar International Airport, Sochi International Airport, Anapa Airport, and Gelendzhik Airport.

The biggest ports are Novorossiysk and Tuapse. Others are Eisk and Temryuk on the Azov Sea, and Port Kavkaz, Taman, Anapa, Gelendzhik, and Sochi on the Black Sea. There is a Kerch Strait ferry line which connects Krasnodar Krai and Crimea.


Population: 5,404,300 (2014 est.);[20] 5,226,647 (2010 Census);[10] 5,125,221 (2002 Census);[21] 5,113,148 (1989 Census).[22]

The population of Krasnodar Krai is concentrated in the Kuban River drainage basin, which was traditionally Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in the area. Historically, they were considered to be ethnic Ukrainian, and reported their language as Ukrainian in censuses well into the 20th century; this change in identity is due to assimilation and historical persecution of the Kuban Cossacks, which was particularly prominent due to questions of their loyalty to Moscow and the Communist state during the Russian Revolution and First World War. Other notable ethnic groups are the Adyghe, who have lived in the Kuban area for thousands of years, and the Armenians (including Christian Hamsheni and Cherkesogai), who have lived in the region since at least the 18th century.

Ethnic groups: the 2010 Census identified ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:[10]

Ethnicity Population Percentage
Russians 4,522,962 88.3%
Armenians 281,680 5.5%
Ukrainians 83,746 1.6%
Tatars 24,840 0.5%
Caucasus Greeks 22,595 0.4%
Georgians 17,826 0.3%
Belarusians 16,890 0.3%
Adyghe 13,834 0.3%
Romani 12,920 0.3%
Germans 12,171 0.2%
Azerbaijanis 10,165 0.2%
Turks 8,527 0.2%
Moldovans 5,170 0.1%
Assyrians 3,764 0.1%
Others 79,768 1.5%
  • 101,657 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[23]

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

  • Birth Rate: 11.19 per 1000
  • Death Rate: 14.39 per 1000
  • Net Immigration: +7.1 per 1000
  • NGR: -0.32% per Year
  • PGR: +0.39% per Year

Vital Statistics for 2008:[24]

  • Population (Jan 2009): 5,100,000
  • Births (2008): 62,200
  • Deaths (2008): 72,900
Vital statistics for 2012
  • Births: 69 031 (13.1 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 69 427 (13.1 per 1000) [25]
  • Total fertility rate:[26]

2009 - 1.59 | 2010 - 1.57 | 2011 - 1.58 | 2012 - 1.70 | 2013 - 1.72 | 2014 - 1.81 | 2015 - 1.84 | 2016 - 1.86(e)


Religion in Krasnodar Krai as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[27][28]
Russian Orthodoxy
Other Orthodox
Old Believers
Other Christians
Spiritual but not religious
Atheism and irreligion
Other and undeclared

According to a 2012 survey[27] 52.2% of the population of Krasnodar Krai adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are either Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to church or members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, and 1% are Muslims. In addition, 22% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 13% is atheist, and 7.8% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[27]

2012 floods[]

On July 7, 2012, at least 171 people died in Krasnodar Krai, after torrential rains overnight caused the worst flooding and landslides in more than seventy years.[29][30][31] Over 280 millimeters (11 in) of rain – the typical amount for a four- or five-month period – was reported to have fallen within forty-eight hours.[29][31][32] A local police spokesman stated that most of the dead were in Krymsky District, where at least 159 died when a wave of water 5 meters (16 ft) high swept through the town of Krymsk in the middle of the night.[30][31][32] Ten more deaths occurred in Gelendzhik, including five electrocuted when a transformer fell into the floodwater, and two in Novorossiysk.[29][31][32] Authorities stated that 17 people had been officially reported missing, and there were fears the death toll would rise further, while medics had hospitalized 210 people, including 16 children.[31]

The regional government claimed that over 24,000 people were affected by the floods, with more than 3,000 evacuated, and that more than 10,000 rescuers and 140 helicopters were searching for victims and evacuating survivors.[29][31][32] In Krymsk, 14 temporary shelters were set up to house around 2,000 evacuees.[31] The transport system in the region was said to have collapsed, while oil shipments from Novorossiysk were halted when the port, located in the lower part of the city, was threatened by landslides.[29][32][33] Russia's President Vladimir Putin flew to the area to hold emergency talks with officials in Krymsk, while authorities in Perm Krai dispatched a rescue team to evacuate dozens of children from the region, who had been staying at summer camps on the Black Sea coast.[29][31][33]

Residents of Krymsk claimed the wave of water that hit the town resulted from the sluice gates of a nearby reservoir being opened, although this was denied by the prosecutor general's investigative committee. Local prosecutors had earlier confirmed that the gates were opened, but stated that it was too early to determine whether this was the cause of the flooding.[30]

See also[]

  • Music in Krasnodar Krai



  1. ^ Law #5-KZ
  2. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. ^ Azarenkova et al., p. 114
  5. ^ Charter of Krasnodar Krai, Article 13
  6. ^ Charter of Krasnodar Krai, Article 39
  7. ^ Official website of Krasnodar Krai. Biography of Alexander Nikolayevich Tkachyov, Governor of Krasnodar Krai (Russian)
  8. ^ Charter of Krasnodar Krai, Chapter 24
  9. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  11. ^ The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  12. ^ Rosstat. [1] (Russian)
  13. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  14. ^ Official the whole territory of Russia according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  15. ^ a b Official website of Krasnodar Krai. General Information About the Region (Russian)
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Gorshenyov
  17. ^ WWF. Central Asia: Southwest Russia and the Crimean Peninsula on the Black Sea coast
  18. ^ (RAR) (Russian)
  19. ^ (RAR) (Russian)
  20. ^ Krasnodar Krai Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения (Russian)
  21. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  22. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  23. ^ Перепись-2010: русских становится больше. (2011-12-19). Retrieved on 2012-07-07.
  24. ^ Население Краснодарского края в 2008 году увеличилось на 0,4% - Новости России - ИА REGNUM. (2009-02-19). Retrieved on 2012-07-07.
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  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №5-КЗ от 5 мая 1995 г. «О символах Краснодарского края», в ред. Закона №2957-КЗ от 8 мая 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Краснодарского края "О символах Краснодарского края"». Вступил в силу 31 мая 1995 г. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №87, 24 мая 1995 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #5-KZ of May 5, 1995 On the Symbols of Krasnodar Krai, as amended by the Law #2957-KZ of May 8, 2014 On Amending the Law of Krasnodar Krai "On the Symbols of Krasnodar Krai". Effective as of May 31, 1995.).
  • Template:RussiaBasicLawRef/kda
  • Горшенёв, М. А. (1983) (in Russian). Физкультура и спорт. 
  • Азаренкова, А. С.; И. Ю. Бондарь; Н. С. Вертышева (1986) [1986] (in Russian). Основные административно-территориальные преобразования на Кубани (1793–1985 гг.). Краснодарское книжное издательство. 

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