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Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania
Lackawanna County Courthouse 008.jpg
Lackawanna County Courthouse
Seal of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania
Seal
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lackawanna County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the U.S. highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded August 13, 1878
Named for Lackawanna River[1]
Seat Scranton
Largest city Scranton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

465 sq mi (1,204 km²)
459 sq mi (1,189 km²)
5.8 sq mi (15 km²), 1.3%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

215,896
459/sq mi (177/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://www.lackawannacounty.org/

Lackawanna County (/ɫækəˈwɑnə/ ; Lenape: Lèkaohane) is a U.S. county in the northeastern portion of Pennsylvania. As of the 2020 census, the population was 215,896.[2] Its county seat and largest city is Scranton.[3]

The county was created on August 13, 1878, following decades of trying to gain its independence from Luzerne County. (The county's courthouses were organized in October 1878.)[4] Lackawanna was Pennsylvania's last county to be created, and the only county to be created after the Civil War. It is named for the Lackawanna River.[1]

Lackawanna County is included in the Scranton–Wilkes-BarreHazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area ("Wyoming Valley"). It is the second-largest county within the metropolitan area. It lies northwest of the Pocono Mountains. Lackawanna County is located approximately 40 miles (64 km) from the New Jersey border in Montague, New Jersey, and also located approximately 33 miles (53 km) from upstate New York in Windsor, New York.

History[]

A map of Pennsylvania counties in 1836. At the time, Lackawanna was still part of Luzerne County.

Lackawanna County is a region that was developed for iron production and anthracite coal mining in the nineteenth century, with its peak of coal production reached in the mid-20th century. Scranton, then still part of Luzerne County, became a center of mining and industry. It was the site of the Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company, which later began to produce steel using the Bessemer process. In 1877 at the time of the Scranton General Strike, the company was managed by William Walker Scranton, whose father had been president until his death in 1872. Two of his cousins had been founders of the company and the city.

The county was created on August 13, 1878, following decades of trying to gain its independence from Luzerne County. (The courts were organized in October 1878.)[4] It is Pennsylvania's last county to be created, and the only one created after the Civil War. It is named for the Lackawanna River.[1]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 465 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 459 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.3%) is water.[5] It has a humid continental climate which is warm-summer (Dfb) except along the Lackawanna River from Olyphant and Blakely below Peckville on down and along the Susquehanna where it is hot-summer (Dfa). Average monthly temperatures in downtown Scranton range from 26.0 °F in January to 71.9 °F in July, in Carbondale they range from 23.8 °F in January to 69.7 °F in July, and in Moscow they range from 22.6 °F in January to 68.4 °F in July. [1]

Adjacent counties[]

Major Highways[]

  • I-81
  • I-84
  • I-380
  • Template:Jct/2
  • US 6

  • US 6 Bus.
  • US 11
  • [[Template:Infobox road/PA/link PA|PA 106]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/PA/link PA|PA 107]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/PA/link PA|PA 307]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/PA/link PA|PA 348]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/PA/link PA|PA 407]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/PA/link PA|PA 435]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/PA/link PA|PA 438]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/PA/link PA|PA 502]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/PA/link PA|PA 524]]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 89,269
1890 142,088 59.2%
1900 193,831 36.4%
1910 259,570 33.9%
1920 286,311 10.3%
1930 310,397 8.4%
1940 301,243 −2.9%
1950 257,396 −14.6%
1960 234,531 −8.9%
1970 234,107 −0.2%
1980 227,908 −2.6%
1990 219,039 −3.9%
2000 213,295 −2.6%
2010 214,437 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2019[2][10]

As of the 2010 census, there were 214,437 people living in the county. 92.0% were White, 2.5% Black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 2.0% of some other race and 1.5% of two or more races. 5.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.1% identified as of Italian, 19.9% Irish, 13.0% Polish and 11.4% German ancestry.[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 213,295 people, 86,218 households, and 55,783 families living in the county. The population density was 465 people per square mile (180/km2). There were 95,362 housing units at an average density of 208 per square mile (80/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.65% White, 1.31% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 1.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.5% were of Italian, 21.2% Irish, 15.4% Polish and 10.2% German ancestry.

There were 86,218 households, out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families; 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, 21.8% of the population was under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

County poverty demographics

According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, which is a legislative agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the poverty rate for County was 15.4% in 2014.[13] The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: Abington Heights School District - 15.5% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty Level; Carbondale Area School District - 64.7%; Dunmore School District - 33.8%; Lakeland School District - 29.2%; Mid Valley School District - 49.2%; North Pocono School District - 31.3%; Old Forge School District - 41.7%; Riverside School District - 43.4%; Scranton School District - 63.7%; and Valley View School District - 29.4%.[14]

Birth rate

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Lackawanna County's live birth rate was 2,664 births in 1990. The county's live birth rate in 2000 was 2,148 births, while in 2011 it had increased to 2,200 babies.[15] Over the past 50 years (1960 to 2010), rural Pennsylvania saw a steady decline in both the number and proportion of residents under 18 years old. In 1960, 1.06 million rural residents, or 35 percent of the rural population, were children.

Politics and government[]

United States presidential election results for Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 52,334 45.23% 61,991 53.58% 1,370 1.18%
2016 48,384 46.34% 51,983 49.79% 4,037 3.87%
2012 35,085 35.67% 61,838 62.87% 1,428 1.45%
2008 39,488 36.38% 67,520 62.21% 1,531 1.41%
2004 44,766 42.30% 59,573 56.30% 1,480 1.40%
2000 35,096 36.41% 57,471 59.63% 3,814 3.96%
1996 26,930 32.57% 46,377 56.09% 9,374 11.34%
1992 33,443 35.22% 45,054 47.44% 16,471 17.34%
1988 42,083 47.42% 45,591 51.38% 1,067 1.20%
1984 48,132 50.57% 45,851 48.17% 1,202 1.26%
1980 44,242 46.35% 45,257 47.42% 5,948 6.23%
1976 43,354 42.17% 57,685 56.12% 1,758 1.71%
1972 58,838 56.11% 45,465 43.35% 566 0.54%
1968 44,388 38.80% 66,297 57.96% 3,706 3.24%
1964 31,272 26.16% 88,131 73.73% 137 0.11%
1960 49,636 38.25% 80,098 61.72% 49 0.04%
1956 64,386 53.56% 55,741 46.37% 79 0.07%
1952 61,644 48.65% 64,926 51.24% 147 0.12%
1948 46,283 41.42% 64,495 57.71% 971 0.87%
1944 47,261 44.34% 59,190 55.54% 127 0.12%
1940 54,931 43.36% 71,343 56.32% 411 0.32%
1936 51,186 38.26% 80,585 60.23% 2,030 1.52%
1932 34,632 45.24% 40,793 53.28% 1,135 1.48%
1928 46,510 46.85% 52,665 53.05% 94 0.09%
1924 37,708 60.43% 16,859 27.02% 7,834 12.55%
1920 40,593 60.55% 24,581 36.67% 1,866 2.78%
1916 17,658 50.80% 15,727 45.25% 1,373 3.95%
1912 3,799 11.55% 12,423 37.78% 16,661 50.67%
1908 18,590 53.44% 15,451 44.41% 747 2.15%
1904 19,923 64.54% 10,068 32.62% 876 2.84%
1900 16,763 51.56% 14,728 45.30% 1,019 3.13%
1896 18,737 59.28% 11,869 37.55% 999 3.16%
1892 10,729 48.38% 10,351 46.67% 1,098 4.95%
1888 10,279 48.50% 9,858 46.51% 1,058 4.99%
1884 9,656 58.47% 6,171 37.37% 687 4.16%
1880 7,357 49.80% 7,178 48.59% 239 1.62%



Statue of George Washington (dedicated July 4, 1893) at Lackawanna County Courthouse

As of November 1, 2021, there are 144,465 registered voters in Lackawanna County.[17]

  • Democratic: 82,431 (57.06%)
  • Republican: 45,819 (31.72%)
  • Independent: 12,776 (8.84%)
  • Third Party: 3,439 (2.38%)

The Democratic Party has been historically dominant in county-level politics since the rise of new immigrant populations and their descendants since the mid-19th century. The county is part of Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district.

On the state and national levels, Lackawanna County has strongly favored the Democratic Party for the last ninety years. It leaned Republican from 1896 to 1924, only failing to back William Howard Taft during that timespan when the party's vote was split between him and former president Theodore Roosevelt. The county has only voted for the Republican candidate three times since 1928: in the national Republican landslides of 1956, 1972, and 1984. In 2000, Democrat Al Gore won 60% of the vote and Republican George W. Bush won 36%.[18] In 2004 Democrat John Kerry received 56% of the vote and Bush received 42%.[19] In 2006, Democrats Governor Ed Rendell and Senator Bob Casey, Jr., won 70% and 73% of the vote in Lackawanna County, respectively.[20] In 2008 three of four Democrats running statewide carried the county, with Barack Obama receiving 63% of the county vote to 37% for John McCain.[21] Although Obama easily carried Lackawanna County again in 2012, Donald Trump came very close to beating Hillary Clinton in 2016. However, in 2020, Lackawanna County voted for Joe Biden, a native son of the county, by over 8 points, an improvement over Clinton's margin but not as high as either of Obama's. In Lackawanna County, Democratic strength primarily comes from the city of Scranton and its immediate suburbs, while Republicans do better in the more rural, outer parts of the county.

County commissioners[]

Official Party Term ends
Chris Chermak Republican 2023
Jerry Notarianni Democratic 2023
Debi Domenick Democratic 2023

County Row Officers[]

Office Official Party Term ends
Clerk of Judicial Records Mauri B. Kelly Democratic 2023
Controller Gary DiBileo Democratic 2023
Coroner Timothy Rowland Democratic 2023
Treasurer Edward Karpovich Democratic 2023
District Attorney Mark Powell Democratic 2021
Recorder of Deeds Evie Rafalko-McNulty Democratic 2021
Register of Wills Frances Kovaleski Democratic 2021
Sheriff Mark McAndrew Democratic 2021

United States House of Representatives[]

As of January 3, 2021 (2021-01-03):

District Representative Party
8 Matt Cartwright Democratic

United States Senate[]

As of January 3, 2021 (2021-01-03):

Senator Party
Bob Casey Democratic
Pat Toomey Republican

State House of Representatives[]

As of January 5, 2021 (2021-01-05):

District Representative Party
112 Kyle Mullins Democratic
113 Marty Flynn Democratic
114 Bridget Malloy Kosierowski Democratic
117 Karen Boback Republican
118 Mike Carroll Democratic

State Senate[]

As of March 29, 2021 (2021-03-29):

District Senator Party
22 Template:TBD

Marcellus shale impact fee[]

Act 13 of 2012,[22] which levied a Marcellus Shale Impact Fee, was signed into law by Governor Tom Corbett on February 14, 2012. The bill provides for the imposition of an unconventional well fee by county (or alternatively municipalities compelling the imposition of an unconventional well fee). A county may impose the fee if unconventional gas wells are located within its borders and it passes an ordinance within 60 days of the effective date of Act 13. A county that did not pass an ordinance imposing a fee is prohibited from receiving funds. This prohibition remains in effect until a county passes an ordinance imposing a fee.[23][24] In 2014, Lackawanna County received an impact fee disbursement of $205,082.23 even though there are no wells in the County. The top county recipient was Washington County which received $6,512,570.65 in 2014.[25]

  • 2013 - 1 shale well, impact fee revenues to Lackawanna County - $211,525.71[26]

Education[]

Lackawanna County Workforce investment Board - Scranton

Colleges and universities[]

Map of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania School Districts

  • Clarks Summit University
  • Johnson College
  • Keystone College (also in Wyoming County)
  • Lackawanna College
  • Marywood University
  • Penn State Scranton
  • Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine
  • University of Scranton

Public school districts[]

  • Abington Heights School District
  • Carbondale Area School District
  • Dunmore School District
  • Forest City Regional School District (also in Susquehanna and Wayne Counties)
  • Lackawanna Trail School District (also in Wyoming County)
  • Lakeland School District
  • Mid Valley School District
  • North Pocono School District (also in Wayne County)
  • Old Forge School District
  • Riverside School District
  • Scranton School District
  • Valley View School District

Charter schools[]

  • Fell Charter Elementary School, Simpson, GR K-8
  • Howard Gardner Multiple Intelligence Charter School, Scranton, GR PreK-8
  • Scranton School for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children – public charter school offering pre-K through 12th-grade education to eligible deaf and hard-of-hearing children located in South Abington Township, Pennsylvania

Public vocational technology schools[]

  • Career Technology Center of Lackawanna County

Intermediate unit[]

Northeastern Educational Intermediate Unit #19 (NEIU19) provides a wide variety of specialized services to public and private schools. It serves the school communities of Lackawanna County, Wayne County, and Susquehanna County. NEIU19 is governed by a board of appointed officials one from the elected school board of each member public school district. Among the serves are: professional development programs for school employees, background/criminal screening of public school employment applicants, technology support to the schools, and special education services. The Intermediate Unit coordinates and supervises the Special Education transportation.

Diocesan schools[]

The county is also served by the Diocese of Scranton. The Diocese of Scranton operates four regional systems of diocesan schools, which were established after the area received hundreds of thousands of Catholic immigrants. The Holy Cross School System serves Lackawanna County, and is currently composed of seven elementary centers and one secondary center. The Holy Cross System is the second-largest of the four systems, and Holy Cross High School is the only diocesan high school operating a capacity. The Holy Cross System is the result of diocese-wide consolidations made in 2007 in response to decades of declining enrollment as population declined in the area.

As recently as 2000, Lackawanna County was home to four Catholic high schools and nearly fifteen elementary schools. While the current configuration of sites and schools educates a fraction of the students once enrolled in Catholic schools in Lackawanna County, vast improvements have been made to the curriculum. Millions of dollars of capital gains have been invested in the buildings and technologies of the schools. As part of the ongoing effort to stabilize enrollment and offer a sustainable school system which is "spiritually sound and academically excellent", the Holy Cross System is embarking on a more aggressive advertising campaign to promote Catholic education and establish stronger and more diverse programs at the elementary level.

Sacred Heart Elementary in Carbondale and Marian Catholic Elementary in Scranton were closed in 2011 and were incorporated into LaSalle Academy and All Saint's Academy, respectively. This cut the costs of sustaining two faculties and buildings which collectively operated at less than 50% capacity. It bolstered the enrollments of the hubs of elementary education.

  • Holy Cross High School, Dunmore
  • Our Lady of Peace Elementary, Clarks Green
  • St. Mary of Mount Carmel Elementary, Dunmore
  • LaSalle Academy, Dickson City and Jessup
  • All Saints Academy, Scranton
  • St. Clare/St. Paul Elementary, Scranton

Private schools[]

As reported by the Pennsylvania Department of Education:[27]

  • Abington Christian School, Clarks Green, GR PreK-8 (Affiliated with the Assemblies of God)
  • Bais Yaakov of Scranton, GR 9-12 (All girls Jewish school)
  • DePaul School for Dyslexia, Scranton[28]
  • Friendship House
  • Geneva Christian School, Olyphant, GR PreK-8
  • Giant Steps Child Development Center – Carbondale
  • Kinder Kampus Preparatory Preschool, Archbald, PreK
  • Little People Daycare School, Scranton, GR PreK-KG
  • Lourdesmont School, Scranton, Special Education (Roman Catholic)
  • Lutheran Academy – Scranton, GR PreK-6
  • Marywood – Tony Damiano Early Childhood Center, Scranton, GR PreK-KG
  • Milton Eisner Yeshiva High School, Scranton, GR 9-12 (All boys Jewish school)
  • Montessori Kindergarten, Scranton, GR PreK-KG
  • New Story, Throop, Special Education
  • NHS Autism School, Scranton, Special Education
  • Northeast Child Care Services – Archbald
  • Pocono Mountain Bible Conference – Gouldsboro
  • Revival Baptist Christian School, Scranton, GR K-12
  • Scranton Hebrew Day School, Scranton, GR K-8
  • Scranton Preparatory School, Scranton, GR 9-12 (Affiliated with the Society of Jesus)
  • St. Gregory's Early Childhood Center, Clarks Green, GR PreK-KG
  • St. Stanislaus Elementary School, Scranton, GR K-8 (Polish National Catholic Church)
  • Summit Christian Academy, South Abington Township, PreK-12
  • Triboro Christian Academy, Old Forge, K-12, It participates in the state's Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) annual testing

Libraries[]

Abington Community Library

  • Abington Community Library – Clarks Summit
  • Carbondale Public Library – Carbondale
  • Children's Library – Scranton
  • Dalton Community Library – Dalton
  • Nancy Kay Holmes Branch – Scranton
  • North Pocono Public Library – Moscow
  • Scranton Public Library – Scranton
  • Taylor Community Library – Taylor
  • Valley Community Library – Peckville
  • Waverly Memorial Library – Waverly

Recreation[]

  • Montage Mountain Ski Area
  • Lackawanna State Park
  • Archbald Pothole State Park
  • The Dick and Nancy Eales Preserve at Moosic Mountain
  • Pinchot Trail System
  • Lackawanna River Heritage Trail
  • Lake Scranton Walking Trail
  • PNC Field
  • Merli-Sarnoski Park
  • Nay Aug Park
  • McDade Park
  • Aylesworth Park
  • Covington Park

Communities[]

Political map of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, with townships, boroughs, cities and census-designated places labeled. Townships are colored white and boroughs, cities, and CDPs are colored various shades of orange.

Map of Lackawanna County with municipalities and CDPs labeled.

Scenery in Lackawanna County

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and one town. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lackawanna County:

Cities[]

Boroughs[]

  • Archbald
  • Blakely
  • Clarks Green
  • Clarks Summit
  • Dalton
  • Dickson City
  • Dunmore
  • Jermyn
  • Jessup
  • Mayfield
  • Moosic
  • Moscow
  • Old Forge
  • Olyphant
  • Taylor
  • Throop
  • Vandling

Townships[]

  • Benton
  • Carbondale
  • Clifton
  • Covington
  • Elmhurst
  • Fell
  • Glenburn
  • Greenfield
  • Jefferson
  • La Plume
  • Madison
  • Newton
  • North Abington
  • Ransom
  • Roaring Brook
  • Scott
  • South Abington
  • Spring Brook
  • Thornhurst
  • Waverly
  • West Abington

Census-designated places[]

  • Big Bass Lake (partially in Wayne County)
  • Chinchilla
  • Eagle Lake
  • Glenburn
  • Mount Cobb
  • Simpson
  • Waverly

Unincorporated communities[]

Population ranking[]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Lackawanna County.[30]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Scranton City 76,089
2 Dunmore Borough 14,057
3 Carbondale City 8,891
4 Old Forge Borough 8,313
5 Archbald Borough 6,984
6 Blakely Borough 6,564
7 Taylor Borough 6,263
8 Dickson City Borough 6,070
9 Moosic Borough 5,719
10 Olyphant Borough 5,151
11 Clarks Summit Borough 5,116
12 Jessup Borough 4,676
13 Throop Borough 4,088
14 Jermyn Borough 2,169
15 Chinchilla CDP 2,098
16 Moscow Borough 2,026
17 Mayfield Borough 1,807
18 Mount Cobb CDP 1,799
19 Clarks Green Borough 1,476
20 Simpson CDP 1,275
21 Big Bass Lake (partially in Wayne County) CDP 1,270
22 Dalton Borough 1,234
23 Glenburn CDP 953
24 Vandling Borough 751
25 Waverly CDP 604
26 Eagle Lake CDP 12

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania

References[]

  1. ^ a b c David Craft (1891). History of Scranton, Penn: With Full Outline of the Natural Advantages, Accounts of the Indian Tribes, Early Settlements, Connecticut's Claim to the Wyoming Valley, the Trenton Decree, Down to the Present Time. H. W. Crew. pp. 18–. https://books.google.com/books?id=dak-AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA17. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/42/42069.html. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ a b Henry C. Bradsby, History of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, Volume 1, 1893, Pages 232-233
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_42.txt. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/pa190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ "Census 2020". https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/lackawannacountypennsylvania/PST045219. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ US Census Bureau (2015). "Poverty Rates by County Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates". http://www.rural.palegislature.us/demographics_datagram_poverty_rates_pa.html. 
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center (2012). "Student Poverty Concentration 2012". http://pennbpc.org/education-facts-school-poverty-data. 
  15. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Health, Birth Age County Reports 1990, 2000 and 2011, 2011
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  17. ^ https://www.dos.pa.gov/VotingElections/OtherServicesEvents/VotingElectionStatistics/Documents/currentvotestats.xls
  18. ^ "Commonwealth of PA – Elections Information". http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=12&ElectionID=2. 
  19. ^ "Commonwealth of PA – Elections Information". http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=12&ElectionID=11. 
  20. ^ "Commonwealth of PA – Elections Information". http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=12&ElectionID=24. 
  21. ^ "Commonwealth of PA – Elections Information". http://www.electionreturns.state.pa.us/ElectionsInformation.aspx?FunctionID=12&ElectionID=28. 
  22. ^ Pennsylvania House of Representatives (February 8, 2012). "HB1950 of Session 2011 OIL AND GAS (58 PA.C.S.) - OMNIBUS AMENDMENTS". http://www.legis.state.pa.us/CFDOCS/Legis/PN/Public/btCheck.cfm?txtType=PDF&sessYr=2011&sessInd=0&billBody=H&billTyp=B&billNbr=1950&pn=3048. 
  23. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly, Act 13 of 2012, February 14, 2012.
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2012). "Act 13 (Impact Fee)". http://www.puc.state.pa.us/filing_resources/issues_laws_regulations/act_13_impact_fee_.aspx. 
  25. ^ Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2015). "Disbursements and Impact Fees 2014". https://www.act13-reporting.puc.pa.gov/Modules/PublicReporting/Overview.aspx. 
  26. ^ Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2013). "Lackawanna County Total distribution for year 2013". https://www.act13-reporting.puc.pa.gov/Modules/Reports/ReportViewer.aspx?rptPath=/Act%2013/CountyReport. 
  27. ^ PDE. "Education Names & Addresses". http://www.edna.ed.state.pa.us. 
  28. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.allied-services.org/our-services/community-services/depaul-school-for-dyslexia/. 
  29. ^ "GNIS Account Login". http://geonames.usgs.gov/apex/f?p=136:2:0::NO:RP::. 
  30. ^ "2010 U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census/decade.2010.html. 

Further reading[]

  • Aileen Sallom Freeman and Jack McDonough, Lackawanna County: An Illustrated History. Montgomery, AL: Community Communications, 2000.
  • Thomas F. Murphy, Jubilee History: Commemorative of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Creation of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania: Story of Interesting Events from Indian Occupancy of Valley, Connecticut Settlement, Organization of Luzerne County, Start of Anthracite Industry, and Forty Years Effort to Establish Lackawanna County Topeka, KS: Historical Publishing Co., 1928.
  • Portrait and Biographical Record of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. New York: Chapman Publishing Co., 1897.

External links[]

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Coordinates: 41°26′N 75°37′W / 41.44, -75.61


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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