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Lewisburg, Pennsylvania
—  Borough  —
Lewisburg

Keystone marker
Location of Lewisburg in Union County, Pennsylvania.



Lewisburg, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania <div style="position: absolute; top: Expression error: Missing operand for *.%; left: 1301.6%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Lewisburg
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Union
Settled 1784
Incorporated (borough) 1812
Government
 • Mayor Kendy Alvarez
Area[1]
 • Total 0.97 sq mi (2.52 km2)
 • Land 0.97 sq mi (2.52 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population (2020)
 • Total 5,158
 • Estimate (2020)[2] 5,158
 • Density 5,317/sq mi (2,047/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC)
Zip code 17837
Area code(s) 570
FIPS code 42-42976
Website lewisburgborough.org

Lewisburg is a borough in Union County, Pennsylvania, United States, 30 miles (48 km) south by southeast of Williamsport and 60 miles (97 km) north of Harrisburg. In the past, it was the commercial center for a fertile grain and general farming region. The population was 5,158 as of the 2020 census.[3] It is the county seat of Union County.[4] Located in central Pennsylvania's Susquehanna River Valley, on the West Branch Susquehanna River, Lewisburg is northwest of Sunbury. It is home to Bucknell University and is near the Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary. Its 19th-century downtown is on the National Register of Historic Places. Lewisburg is the principal city of the Lewisburg, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, and is also part of the larger Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

Lewisburg was founded in 1785 by Ludwig Derr. A settler of the area (since as early as 1763–1769), Derr had purchased several tracts of land from the William Penn family and other neighboring land owners, the largest of which was known as "The Prescott". Having been on the land for such a long time, Derr had befriended the local Native Americans of the area. His relationship with these indigenous peoples was so well founded that, even as many of the other local settlers' homesteads were routinely sacked by Native Americans, Derr's lands remained free from attacks. Subsequently, in 1784, he worked with Samuel Weiser to lay out his combined land tracts, and create Derrstown. The name was later changed to Lewisburgh when Snyder County was created from Union County in 1855 (according to a local Keystone marker sign), but was known on original plans and deeds as Lewisburg before that time (also see note below).

Much has been considered regarding 'how' the name changed from Derrstown to Lewisburg. The most likely truth is that Derr's first name "Ludwig" translated into English as "Louis" but, being of German descent, it was spelled "Lewis". Later, after Derr's death, the traditional Germanic "burgh" was appended to his first name to create Lewisburgh.

Note: U.S. Postal Service records contradict this story. The post office was named Lewisburgh when it was established in 1796; in 1893, the name was shortened to Lewisburg.[5]

The street names that run east and west are a local urban mystery. St. George, St. Catherine, and St. Louis etc. appear to be named for saints. While Lutherans, such as Derr was, recognize historic catholic saints, the street names are more likely named for Derr's family members (whose names coincided with saints). Those streets are consecutively parallel, and emanate from what was then Derr's home, and the location of the first available lot sold (which were both situated on, what is now, Mill Street). George was Ludwig's son, his wife Catherine and Ludwig/Lewis (sic) himself. The other original street names that still exist are St. John, St. Mary and St. Anthony, which may be the names of other children from families with whom Derr's own family were friends. However, there is an indication that Derr also had a daughter named Mary. Overall, however, the premise is further supported by the notion that the German word for street is Strasse (Straße, abbreviated St). At the time, street names were pronounced as Strasse Mary or Strasse George. Later, when signs were made to note the street names, the abbreviation for Strasse was allowed to remain, but the US/English abbreviation was redundantly added to the signs.

The second mystery surrounding Lewisburg is the disappearance of its founder Ludwig Derr. After selling several lots of land, Derr set off for Philadelphia to sell additional lots. Shortly after arriving, records indicate some of his lots had sold. However, Ludwig Derr simply disappears from history in that city. Derr's son George went to Philadelphia to search for his father, but returned a short time later, unsuccessful.

Over the centuries, Lewisburg has been a center of commerce in Union County. The West Branch Susquehanna River was used for logging and shipping, and remains of old factories and other ancient stone structures exist along the river banks. Prior to, and during, the Civil War, many abolitionists lived in the area, and several locations within the town of Lewisburg served as stopping points on the famous Underground Railroad.

The Lewisburg Historic District, Chamberlin Iron Front Building, Packwood House-American Hotel, and Reading Railroad Freight Station are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

Geography[]

Lewisburg is located at 40°57′50″N 76°53′17″W / 40.96389, -76.88806 (40.963895, -76.888154).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 914
1850 2,012
1860 2,666 32.5%
1870 3,121 17.1%
1880 3,080 −1.3%
1890 3,248 5.5%
1900 3,457 6.4%
1910 3,081 −10.9%
1920 3,204 4.0%
1930 3,308 3.2%
1940 3,571 8.0%
1950 5,268 47.5%
1960 5,523 4.8%
1970 5,718 3.5%
1980 5,407 −5.4%
1990 5,785 7.0%
2000 5,620 −2.9%
2010 5,792 3.1%
Est. 2019 5,708 [2] 1.6%
Sources:[8][9][10]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 5,620 people, 1,778 households, and 787 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,724.7 people per square mile (2,214.2/km2). There were 1,938 housing units at an average density of 1,974.1 per square mile (763.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.57% White, 2.62% African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.79% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.00% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.33% of the population.

There were 1,778 households, out of which 17.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 55.7% were non-families. 42.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.64.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 10.0% under the age of 18, 45.9% from 18 to 24, 16.4% from 25 to 44, 12.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $30,137, and the median income for a family was $53,409. Males had a median income of $32,727 versus $25,436 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,146. About 6.3% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and Recreation[]

Soldier's Memorial Park overlooks the Susquehanna River

Hufnagle Park is located along Bull Run Creek in the heart of downtown. It offers open space, a picnic pavilion, playground equipment, and gardens. It is named in honor of former Public Safety Director Gordon Hufnagle. Officer Hufnagle died saving lives during the Agnes Flood on June 21, 1972. [11] A covered footbridge just north of the park was built in his honor in 1982.[12]

Hufnagle Park is a terminus of the Buffalo Valley Rail Trail. The 9.5-mile trail runs westward from Lewisburg to Mifflinburg following the rail bed of the Lewisburg & Tyrone Railroad, which was decommissioned in 1982. In 2009, the Buffalo Valley Recreation Authority acquired the right of way to the entire West Shore railroad which runs from Mifflinburg to Northumberland. The rail trail opened in 2011 and was extended in 2015. [13]

The Lewisburg Community Garden is a joint venture between Lewisburg Borough and Bucknell University. Opened in 2012, the community garden provides educational opportunities for students and area residents, rents garden plots, and grows and donates 3,800 pounds of organic produce to local food access programs.[14]

Other parks in the borough are: Soldier's Memorial Park and Mariah's Garden (both located on the Susquehanna River), Lewisburg Area Recreation Park, Wolfe Field and St. Anthony Street Park, and D.F. Green Field.[15]

Notable people[]

  • Ward R. Bliss, Pennsylvania State Representative (1889-1905)
  • Thaddeus Mortimer Fowler, Cartographer who lived in Lewisburg between 1881 and 1885.[16]
  • Jason Bohn, professional golfer, was born in Lewisburg in 1973.

Gallery[]

[[ File:Historic Building in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (1).jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Historic residential building.| Residential building (ca. 1860) in the Lewisburg Historic District.
]]
Residential building (ca. 1860) in the Lewisburg Historic District.  
[[ File:Historic building in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (7).jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Brick Queen Anne-style residence.| Queen Anne-style brick residence (1887).
]]
Queen Anne-style brick residence (1887).  
[[ File:Historic building in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (17).jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Former Union National Bank.| Former Union National Bank (1913) in the Beaux Arts style.
]]
Former Union National Bank (1913) in the Beaux Arts style.  
[[ File:Campus Theatre, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Campus Theatre.| Campus Theatre (1939) built in the Streamline Moderne style.
]]
Campus Theatre (1939) built in the Streamline Moderne style.  
[[ File:Historic building in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (11).jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Lewisburg neighborhood.| Neighborhood north of Market Street.
]]
Neighborhood north of Market Street.  
[[ File:Historic building in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (9).jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=typical façade.| A typical 19th-century façade.
]]
A typical 19th-century façade.  
[[ Beaver Memorial Methodist Church, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Beaver Memorial Methodist Church| Beaver Memorial Methodist Church (1890) one of four Victorian Gothic churches in Lewisburg.
]]
Beaver Memorial Methodist Church (1890) one of four Victorian Gothic churches in Lewisburg.  
[[ File:First Presbyterian Church Lewisburg.jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=First Presbyterian Church, entrance.| Entrance to the First Presbyterian Church (1856) in Greek Revival style.
]]
Entrance to the First Presbyterian Church (1856) in Greek Revival style.  
[[ File:Historic building in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (12).jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District| Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District. 
]]
Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District.  
[[ File:Historic Building in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (2).jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District| Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District. 
]]
Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District.  
[[ File:Historic Building in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (3).jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District| Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District.
]]
Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District.  
[[ File:Historic building in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (19).jpg
|center|border|180x180px|alt=Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District| Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District.
]]
Façade detail, Lewisburg Historic District.  

References[]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. https://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/2019_Gazetteer/2019_gaz_place_42.txt. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2019.html. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Lewisburg borough, Pennsylvania; United States" (in en). https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/lewisburgboroughpennsylvania,US/POP010220. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  5. ^ "USPS - Postmasters by City". usps.gov. http://webpmt.usps.gov/pmt002.cfm. 
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  9. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2012/SUB-EST2012.html. 
  11. ^ "3 Reportedly Dead at Lewisburg" Sunbury Daily Item 1972-06-22 https://www.newspapers.com/image/481770042/
  12. ^ "Hoof-nogle or Huff-nagle? Popular park is pronounced, ‘fun’" WKOK radio news report 2007-06-16.
  13. ^ Buffalo Valley Rail Trail: Buffalo Valley Recreation Authority http://bvrec.org/buffalo-valley-rail-trail/
  14. ^ Lewisburg Community Garden: Growing Healthy Futures https://lewisburgcommunitygarden.blogs.bucknell.edu
  15. ^ Parks and Recreation: Borough of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania https://www.lewisburgborough.org/community/parks-recreation/
  16. ^ "Thaddeus Mortimer Fowler Panoramic Town View Lithographs (4867)". Historical Collections and Labor Archives, Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University. http://www.libraries.psu.edu/findingaids/4867.htm. 

External links[]

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