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Logan County, West Virginia
Logan-County-Courthouse-wv.jpg
Logan County Courthouse in Logan
Map of West Virginia highlighting Logan County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded January 12, 1824
Named for Chief Logan
Seat Logan
Largest city Logan
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

456 sq mi (1,181 km²)
454 sq mi (1,176 km²)
1.9 sq mi (5 km²), 0.4%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

32,567
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.logancounty.wv.gov

Logan County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 32,567.[1] Its county seat is Logan.[2] Logan County comprises the Logan, WV Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the CharlestonHuntingtonAshland, WV–OHKY Combined Statistical Area.

History[]

Logan County was formed in 1824 from parts of Giles, Tazewell, Cabell, and Kanawha counties, then part of the state of Virginia.[3] It is named for Chief Logan, famous Native American chief of the Mingo tribe. Logan was one of fifty Virginia counties that became part of the new state of West Virginia in 1863, by an executive order of Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War, even though Logan Country had voted for secession in the April 4, 1861 convention.

Within months of its admission to the Union, West Virginia's counties were divided into civil townships, with the intention of encouraging local government. This proved impractical in the heavily rural state, and in 1872 the townships were converted into magisterial districts.[4] Logan County was divided into five districts: Chapmanville,[lower-roman 1] Hardee, Logan, Magnolia, and Triadelphia. A sixth district, Lee, was formed in 1878 from portions of Hardy and Magnolia Districts. In 1895, Mingo County was formed from Hardee, Lee, and Magnolia Districts, along with portions of Chapmanville and Triadelphia Districts.[5]

In the 1960s, Chapmanville District was discontinued, and two new districts, Guyan and Island Creek, formed from its territory, along with portions of Logan and Triadelphia Districts. The county was redistricted again in the 1980s, resulting in nine magisterial districts: Buffalo, Chapmanville, East, Guyan, Island Creek, Logan, Northwest, Triadelphia, and West. However, in the following decade these were consolidated into three districts: Central, Eastern, and Western.[5]

In 1921 it was the location of the Battle of Blair Mountain, one of the largest armed uprisings in U.S. history. More recently, the Buffalo Creek Flood of February 26, 1972, killed 125 people when a coal slurry dam burst under the pressure of heavy rains, releasing over 100,000,000 US gallons (380,000,000 L) of waste and water in a 30-foot (9.1 m) wave onto the valley below. The communities of Lorado and Lundale were destroyed and 14 other communities heavily damaged, including Saunders, Amherstdale, Crites, and Latrobe.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 456 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 454 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.4%) is water.[6]

Major highways[]

  • I-73 (future)
  • I-74 (future)
  • US 52.svg U.S. Highway 52
  • US 119.svg U.S. Highway 119
  • WV-10.svg West Virginia Route 10
  • WV-17.svg West Virginia Route 17
  • WV-44.svg West Virginia Route 44
  • WV-73.svg West Virginia Route 73
  • WV-80.svg West Virginia Route 80

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 3,680
1840 4,309 17.1%
1850 3,620 −16.0%
1860 4,938 36.4%
1870 5,124 3.8%
1880 7,329 43.0%
1890 11,101 51.5%
1900 6,955 −37.3%
1910 14,476 108.1%
1920 41,006 183.3%
1930 58,534 42.7%
1940 67,768 15.8%
1950 77,391 14.2%
1960 61,570 −20.4%
1970 46,269 −24.9%
1980 50,679 9.5%
1990 43,032 −15.1%
2000 37,710 −12.4%
2010 36,743 −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 37,710 people, 14,880 households, and 10,936 families living in the county. The population density was 83 people per square mile (32/km2). There were 16,807 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.33% White, 2.59% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,880 households, out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 12.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.10% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,603, and the median income for a family was $29,072. Males had a median income of $31,515 versus $20,212 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,102. About 20.80% of families and 24.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.60% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,743 people, 14,907 households, and 10,512 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 81.0 inhabitants per square mile (31.3 /km2). There were 16,743 housing units at an average density of 36.9 per square mile (14.2 /km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 96.5% white, 2.1% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 16.6% were Irish, 13.3% were German, 7.8% were English, and 6.9% were American.[14]

Of the 14,907 households, 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families, and 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 42.4 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,465 and the median income for a family was $43,475. Males had a median income of $39,462 versus $26,571 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,614. About 17.6% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.8% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics[]

Logan County, being historically secessionist[16] and between the New Deal and the 1990s heavily unionized, was once powerfully Democratic. Before the 2008 election, the only Republican to carry the county had been Herbert Hoover in 1928, due to strong anti-Catholicism against Al Smith in this "Bible Belt" region. Logan was the only county in West Virginia to be carried by George McGovern in his lackluster 1972 campaign, and between 1976 and 2000 no Republican reached 40 percent of the county's vote. Over the past three presidential elections swings to the Republican Party have averaged thirty percentage points and Democratic vote percentages have plummeted to levels historically more typical of unionist, traditionally Republican counties like Grant.

United States presidential election results for Logan County, West Virginia[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,534 80.87% 2,333 17.91% 159 1.22%
2016 9,897 79.56% 2,092 16.82% 451 3.63%
2012 8,222 68.68% 3,469 28.98% 281 2.35%
2008 7,326 54.17% 5,873 43.43% 325 2.40%
2004 7,047 47.02% 7,877 52.56% 63 0.42%
2000 5,334 36.94% 8,927 61.83% 178 1.23%
1996 2,627 17.45% 10,840 72.00% 1,589 10.55%
1992 3,336 20.47% 11,095 68.08% 1,866 11.45%
1988 4,244 27.19% 11,317 72.51% 47 0.30%
1984 6,425 36.96% 10,892 62.66% 65 0.37%
1980 4,945 28.37% 12,024 68.99% 459 2.63%
1976 4,021 23.46% 13,122 76.54% 0 0.00%
1972 9,533 48.69% 10,045 51.31% 0 0.00%
1968 4,754 23.42% 13,686 67.42% 1,861 9.17%
1964 3,776 18.18% 16,999 81.82% 0 0.00%
1960 7,836 32.39% 16,360 67.61% 0 0.00%
1956 10,588 41.71% 14,794 58.29% 0 0.00%
1952 9,148 32.15% 19,302 67.85% 0 0.00%
1948 7,362 31.25% 16,121 68.43% 76 0.32%
1944 8,000 35.25% 14,692 64.75% 0 0.00%
1940 9,860 36.70% 17,010 63.30% 0 0.00%
1936 7,069 27.68% 18,424 72.13% 49 0.19%
1932 10,683 45.88% 12,529 53.81% 71 0.30%
1928 11,404 53.32% 9,944 46.49% 41 0.19%
1924 7,062 46.92% 7,377 49.01% 612 4.07%
1920 4,304 43.32% 5,588 56.24% 44 0.44%
1916 2,107 38.74% 3,270 60.12% 62 1.14%
1912 518 18.43% 1,404 49.95% 889 31.63%



Communities[]

Incorporated communities[]

  • Logan (county seat)
  • Chapmanville
  • Man
  • Mitchell Heights
  • West Logan

Magisterial districts[]

  • Central
  • Eastern
  • Western

Census-designated places[]

  • Accoville
  • Amherstdale
  • Big Creek
  • Bruno
  • Chauncey
  • Crooked Creek
  • Earling
  • Greenville
  • Henlawson
  • Holden
  • Justice Addition
  • Kistler
  • Mallory
  • McConnell
  • Monaville
  • Mount Gay-Shamrock
  • Neibert
  • Omar
  • Peach Creek
  • Robinette
  • Rossmore
  • Sarah Ann
  • Stollings
  • Switzer
  • Verdunville

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Argyle
  • Baber
  • Baisden
  • Banco
  • Barnabus
  • Becco
  • Beebe
  • Black Bottom
  • Blair
  • Bradshaw
  • Braeholm
  • Chambers
  • Christian
  • Claypool
  • Coal Valley
  • Cora
  • Craneco
  • Crites
  • Crown
  • Crystal Block
  • Dabney
  • Daisy
  • Davin
  • Davis
  • Dehue
  • Diamond
  • Dobra
  • Dog Patch
  • Don
  • Emmett
  • Ethel
  • Fanco
  • Five Block
  • Fort Branch
  • Freeze Fork
  • Frogtown
  • Gillman Bottom
  • Godby Heights
  • Guyan Terrace
  • Halcyon
  • Hedgeview
  • Hensley Heights
  • Hetzel
  • Huff Junction
  • Hutchinson
  • Isom
  • Kelly
  • Kitchen
  • Lake
  • Landville
  • Latrobe
  • Lintz Addition
  • Logan Heights
  • Lorado
  • Lundale
  • Lyburn
  • Melville
  • Micco
  • Mifflin
  • Mineral City
  • Monclo
  • Monitor
  • Mountain View
  • Oilville
  • Orville
  • Pardee
  • Pecks Mill
  • Phico
  • Pine Creek
  • Ralumco
  • Red Campbell
  • Ridgeview
  • Rita
  • Rum Junction
  • Saunders
  • Sharples
  • Shegon
  • Shively
  • Slagle
  • Sodom
  • Sovereign
  • Spruce Valley
  • Stirrat
  • Stone Branch
  • Stowe
  • Sulphur Springs
  • Sunbeam
  • Sunset Court
  • Superior Bottom
  • Sycamore
  • Taplin
  • Thompson Town
  • Trace Junction
  • Troy Town
  • Upper Whitman
  • Verner
  • Walnut Hill
  • Wanda
  • Whirlwind
  • Whites Addition
  • Whitman
  • Whitman Junction
  • Wilkinson
  • Wylo
  • Yolyn

School districts[]

  • Logan County Schools (consolidated, county-wide)

See also[]

  • Aracoma Alma Mine accident
  • Buffalo Creek flood
  • Chief Logan State Park
  • Elk Creek Wildlife Management Area
  • James H. Harless
  • Landau Eugene Murphy Jr.
  • Logan (Iroquois leader)
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Logan County, West Virginia
  • Political scandals in Logan County, West Virginia

Footnotes[]

  1. ^ Regularly spelled "Chapmansville" until the 1950s.

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/54/54045.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". http://www.wvculture.org/history/wvcounties.html. 
  4. ^ Otis K. Rice & Stephen W. Brown, West Virginia: A History, 2nd ed., University Press of Kentucky, Lexington (1993), p. 240.
  5. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, U.S. Decennial Census, Tables of Minor Civil Divisions in West Virginia, 1870–2010.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_54.txt. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/wv190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US54045. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US54045. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US54045. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US54045. 
  16. ^ Hinkle, Harlan H.; Grayback Mountaineers: The Confederate Face of Western Virginia, pp. 189–190 ISBN 0595268404
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 37°50′N 81°56′W / 37.83, -81.94

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Logan County, West Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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