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Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
Luzerne County Courthouse flickr.jpg
Luzerne County Courthouse
Seal of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
Seal
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Luzerne County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the U.S. highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded September 25, 1786
Named for Chevalier de la Luzerne
Seat Wilkes-Barre
Largest city Wilkes-Barre
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

907 sq mi (2,349 km²)
891 sq mi (2,308 km²)
16 sq mi (41 km²), 1.80%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

325,594
360/sq mi (139/km²)
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.luzernecounty.org
Luzerne County Head of State
Government
 • Chairperson Tim McGinley (D)

Luzerne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2020 census, the population was 325,594.[1] Its county seat is Wilkes-Barre.[2]

Luzerne County is included in the Scranton—Wilkes-Barre—Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located in the northern anthracite area called The Coal Region in Northeastern Pennsylvania.

History[]

The Luzerne County Historical Society maintains the storehouse for the collective memory of Luzerne County and its environs. It records and interprets the history, traditions, events, people and cultures that have directed and molded life within the region.[3]

18th century[]

Battle of Wyoming in 1778

  • 1769: The Pennamite-Yankee War (or the Yankee-Pennamite Wars) began when settlers from Connecticut and Pennsylvania fought over land claims along the North Branch of the Susquehanna River in the present Wyoming Valley.
  • July 3, 1778: A force of British and Tories led by John Butler, with the assistance of about 700 Indians, attacked and killed nearly 300 Wyoming Valley settlers. Today in Wyoming, PA a monument marks the grave site of the victims from the Battle of Wyoming.
  • September 11, 1780: Reports of Tory activity in the region caused Captain Daniel Klader and a platoon of 40 to 50 men from Northampton County, Pennsylvania to investigate. Captain Klader's men made it as far north as present-day Conyngham, when they were ambushed by the Seneca nation and by the Tories. 18 of Klader's men were killed in what is known as the Sugarloaf Massacre.
  • September 25, 1786: Luzerne County was formed from part of Northumberland County.

19th century[]

File:Lattimer massacre.jpg

Mine workers began their protest march near Harwood and many were eventually killed by the Luzerne County sheriff in Lattimer in 1897.

  • September 6, 1869: A mine fire killed 110 people in Avondale, an unincorporated community in Plymouth Township.
  • June 28, 1896: The Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston City caved-in and killed 58 miners.[4][5]
  • September 10, 1897: Sheriff James Martin formed a posse and fired on a group of unarmed miners in what is known today as the Lattimer massacre. Luzerne is infamous for being the last county whose sheriff legally formed a posse to restore order in a time of civil unrest.

20th century[]

Remnants of Agnes over Pennsylvania. This resulted in major flooding

  • 1915: A mine fire in Laurel Run, Pennsylvania caused a section of the town to be relocated.
  • June 5, 1919: An explosion at the Baltimore Colliery in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania killed 92 miners.
  • 1934: The right arm of Hughestown, Pennsylvania resident, Harry Tompkins, was crushed by an Erie Railroad train. This resulted in the U.S. Supreme Court case, Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins, which laid the foundation for a large part of modern American civil procedure.
  • January 22, 1959: The Knox Mine disaster in Port Griffith, Jenkins Township claimed the lives of 12 people and essentially shut down the mining industry in Northeastern Pennsylvania.
  • June 1972: Hurricane Agnes was responsible for massive flooding in and around Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.
  • 1974–1989: Alleged ghost hauntings took place in the home of Jack and Janet Smurl in West Pittston. This resulted in the 1991 film The Haunted.
  • September 25, 1982: George Banks kills 13 people in a shooting rampage in Wilkes-Barre and Jenkins Township.
  • 1992: The opening scenes from the movie School Ties was filmed in West Pittston; it shows David Green, the hero of the movie (played by Brendan Fraser), hanging out with friends in the streets of the tiny town.

21st century[]

  • May 21, 2000: A plane crash in Bear Creek Township, Pennsylvania near the intersection of Bear Creek Boulevard (PA-Route 115) and the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike killed the pilot as well as all 19 passengers.
  • December 1, 2006: a tornado left a path of destruction approximately 15 miles (24 km) long (this included parts of Mountain Top).
  • 2008: The Kids for Cash scandal resulted in federal convictions and sentences of juvenile court judges Mark Ciavarella and Michael Conahan.
  • September 2011: Luzerne County witnessed historical flooding from Tropical Storm Lee. The Susquehanna River reached a record high of 42.6 feet (13 meters) in Wilkes-Barre. The river topped the 40.9-foot (12.5 meters) level in flooding caused by Hurricane Agnes in 1972. The Greater Pittston, Wilkes-Barre, and Nanticoke areas were hit the hardest.[6][7][8]

Geography[]

Lehigh Gorge State Park in Luzerne County during the fall

Nescopeck State Park in Dennison Township, Luzerne County

Ricketts Glen State Park

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 907 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 891 sq mi (2,307 km²) is land and 16 sq mi (42 km²) (1.80%) is water.[9] The Wyoming Valley in the North and Mid part of the county is flat at the Susquehanna Basin and rises from 700 feet (210 m) to 2,000 feet (610 m) in some places. Bear Creek, on the eastern side of the valley, has a mean elevation of about 2,000 feet (610 m), while Pittston, on the Susquehanna Basin, is about 700 feet (210 m). The Valley goes as north as Exeter Township-Dallas Township to as on the west side from Plymouth Township-Bear Creek Township and as on the east side from Duryea to Bear Creek Township; South as Hanover Township to Bear Creek Township. The county is crossed by a series of east-to-west mountains. The Susquehanna River drains most of the county while the Lehigh River drains some eastern and southeastern portions and forms part of its southeast boundary.

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 4,892
1800 12,839 162.4%
1810 18,109 41.0%
1820 20,027 10.6%
1830 27,379 36.7%
1840 44,006 60.7%
1850 56,072 27.4%
1860 90,244 60.9%
1870 160,915 78.3%
1880 133,065 −17.3%
1890 201,203 51.2%
1900 257,121 27.8%
1910 343,186 33.5%
1920 390,991 13.9%
1930 445,109 13.8%
1940 441,518 −0.8%
1950 392,241 −11.2%
1960 346,972 −11.5%
1970 342,301 −1.3%
1980 343,079 0.2%
1990 328,149 −4.4%
2000 319,255 −2.7%
2010 320,918 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the 2010 census, the county was 90.7% White, 3.4% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 3.3% were of some other race, and 1.5% were two or more races. 6.7% of the population was of Hispanic or Latino ancestry.[11]

According to the census of 2000, there were 319,250 people, 130,687 households, and 84,293 families residing in the county. The population density was 358 people per square mile (138/km²). There were 144,686 housing units at an average density of 162 per square mile (63/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.63% White, 1.69% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.2% were of Polish, 15.6% Italian, 13.8% Irish, 12.1% German and 5.3% Slovak ancestry according to the 2000 census.

There were 130,687 households out of which 26.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.80% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.50% were non-families. 31.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.00% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 19.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.50 males.

Luzerne County is the only county in the United States with a plurality of citizens reporting Polish as their primary ancestry;[12] the majority of Pennsylvanians report German or Pennsylvania Dutch.

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Luzerne County, Pennsylvania[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 86,929 56.63% 64,873 42.26% 1,697 1.11%
2016 78,688 57.90% 52,451 38.60% 4,762 3.50%
2012 58,325 46.72% 64,307 51.51% 2,213 1.77%
2008 61,127 44.96% 72,492 53.32% 2,349 1.73%
2004 64,953 47.75% 69,573 51.15% 1,502 1.10%
2000 52,328 43.76% 62,199 52.01% 5,059 4.23%
1996 43,577 37.30% 60,174 51.51% 13,066 11.19%
1992 49,285 38.76% 56,623 44.53% 21,238 16.70%
1988 59,059 50.01% 58,553 49.58% 480 0.41%
1984 69,169 53.50% 58,482 45.23% 1,640 1.27%
1980 67,822 50.21% 59,976 44.40% 7,282 5.39%
1976 60,058 44.16% 74,655 54.89% 1,296 0.95%
1972 81,358 60.89% 51,128 38.27% 1,120 0.84%
1968 57,044 39.79% 79,040 55.13% 7,296 5.09%
1964 43,895 28.86% 106,397 69.97% 1,779 1.17%
1960 70,711 40.58% 102,998 59.10% 562 0.32%
1956 92,458 58.22% 65,155 41.02% 1,207 0.76%
1952 88,967 54.83% 72,579 44.73% 715 0.44%
1948 71,674 52.85% 61,869 45.62% 2,068 1.52%
1944 67,984 47.81% 73,674 51.81% 541 0.38%
1940 79,685 43.81% 101,577 55.85% 622 0.34%
1936 81,572 43.26% 105,008 55.68% 1,997 1.06%
1932 52,672 45.44% 60,975 52.60% 2,281 1.97%
1928 67,872 48.00% 73,319 51.85% 220 0.16%
1924 46,475 53.18% 20,472 23.42% 20,449 23.40%
1920 49,419 65.39% 23,473 31.06% 2,683 3.55%
1916 25,348 53.73% 19,999 42.39% 1,832 3.88%
1912 4,970 12.02% 13,461 32.56% 22,907 55.41%
1908 24,594 56.24% 17,379 39.74% 1,760 4.02%
1904 27,809 64.83% 13,518 31.51% 1,568 3.66%
1900 21,793 54.87% 16,470 41.47% 1,454 3.66%
1896 22,718 55.08% 17,305 41.95% 1,225 2.97%
1892 14,118 45.21% 15,734 50.38% 1,377 4.41%
1888 15,543 49.25% 15,218 48.22% 797 2.53%
1884 12,859 47.18% 13,806 50.65% 592 2.17%
1880 11,028 45.94% 12,575 52.38% 403 1.68%



As of November 1, 2021, there are 202,396 registered voters in Luzerne County.[14]

  • Democratic: 95,182 (47.03%)
  • Republican: 81,263 (40.15%)
  • Independent: 19,380 (9.58%)
  • Third Party: 6,571 (3.25%)

The Democratic Party has been historically dominant in county-level politics. However, during the 2019 Luzerne County Council election, Republicans – for the first time – secured a majority on council, the county's governing body. Thomas Baldino, professor emeritus of political science at Wilkes University, suspected that the 2019 Luzerne County Council election results were due to the trending Republican preference in the county (mostly due to then-President Trump's popularity in the region).[15][16]

During presidential elections, the county is considered a bellwether of the state. Until 2020, it had voted for the presidential candidate who carried Pennsylvania in every election since 1936. Luzerne County has leaned Democratic in past presidential elections; however, that trend has changed in recent years. During the 2000 U.S. presidential election, Democrat Al Gore won 52% of the vote to Republican George W. Bush's 44%. In 2004, it was much closer, with Democrat John Kerry winning 51% to Republican George Bush's 48%. Democrat Barack Obama carried the county twice (once in 2008, and again in 2012). During the 2016 presidential election, the county swung dramatically to Republican Donald Trump, who won it with 58% of the vote, the largest margin since President Richard Nixon in 1972. It was the first time a Republican presidential candidate carried the county since 1988. Trump won the county almost as easily in 2020.

In recent years, Luzerne County has witnessed mixed results in U.S. senate elections. In 2000, 2004, 2016, and 2018, the Republican candidates for U.S. senate won the county. However, Democratic candidates for U.S. senate carried the county in 2006 (with 60.6% of the vote), 2010, and 2012.

Democratic candidates for Pennsylvania governor won Luzerne County in 2002, 2006 (with 67.5% of the vote), 2014, and 2018. In recent years, the county voted for a Republican gubernatorial candidate only once (in 2010).

United States Senate[]

  • Bob Casey, D
  • Pat Toomey, R

United States House of Representatives[]

  • Matthew Cartwright, D, Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district
  • Dan Meuser, R, Pennsylvania's 9th congressional district

State Senate[]

  • John Yudichak, I, Pennsylvania's 14th Senatorial District
  • Lisa Baker, R, Pennsylvania's 20th Senatorial District
  • John Blake, D, Pennsylvania's 22nd Senatorial District
  • John Gordner, R, Pennsylvania's 27th Senatorial District

State House of Representatives[]

  • Tarah Toohil, R, Pennsylvania's 116th Representative District
  • Karen Boback, R, Pennsylvania's 117th Representative District
  • Michael B. Carroll, D, Pennsylvania's 118th Representative District
  • Gerald Mullery, D, Pennsylvania's 119th Representative District
  • Aaron Kaufer, R, Pennsylvania's 120th Representative District
  • Eddie Day Pashinski, D, Pennsylvania's 121st Representative District

Municipalities[]

Wilkes-Barre, the county seat and largest city of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania

Hazleton, the second largest city in Luzerne County

Map of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in the case of Bloomsburg, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Luzerne County:

Cities[]

Boroughs[]

  • Ashley
  • Avoca
  • Bear Creek Village
  • Conyngham
  • Courtdale
  • Dallas
  • Dorranceton[17]
  • Dupont
  • Duryea
  • Edwardsville
  • Exeter
  • Forty Fort
  • Freeland
  • Harveys Lake
  • Hughestown
  • Jeddo
  • Kingston
  • Laflin
  • Larksville
  • Laurel Run
  • Luzerne
  • Mountain Top
  • Nescopeck
  • New Columbus
  • Nuangola
  • Penn Lake Park
  • Plymouth
  • Pringle
  • Shickshinny
  • Sugar Notch
  • Swoyersville
  • Warrior Run
  • West Hazleton
  • West Pittston
  • West Wyoming
  • White Haven
  • Wyoming
  • Yatesville

Townships[]

  • Bear Creek
  • Black Creek
  • Buck
  • Butler
  • Conyngham
  • Dallas
  • Dennison
  • Dorrance
  • Exeter
  • Fairmount
  • Fairview
  • Foster
  • Franklin
  • Hanover
  • Hazle
  • Hollenback
  • Hunlock
  • Huntington
  • Jackson
  • Jenkins
  • Kingston
  • Lake
  • Lehman
  • Nescopeck
  • Newport
  • Pittston
  • Plains
  • Plymouth
  • Rice
  • Ross
  • Salem
  • Slocum
  • Sugarloaf
  • Union
  • Wilkes-Barre
  • Wright

Census-designated places[]

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law.

  • Beech Mountain Lakes
  • Browntown
  • Chase
  • East Berwick
  • Georgetown
  • Glen Lyon
  • Harleigh
  • Hickory Hills
  • Hilldale
  • Hudson
  • Inkerman
  • Lattimer
  • Mocanaqua
  • Mountain Top
  • Nuremberg
  • Pardeesville
  • Pikes Creek
  • Plains
  • Shavertown
  • Sheatown
  • Silkworth
  • Trucksville
  • Upper Exeter
  • Wanamie
  • West Nanticoke
  • Weston

Other places[]

  • Wapwallopen

Recreation[]

Frances Slocum State Park

There are four Pennsylvania state parks in Luzerne County:

  • Frances Slocum State Park (northern Luzerne County)
  • Lehigh Gorge State Park (eastern Luzerne County)
  • Nescopeck State Park (southern Luzerne County)
  • Ricketts Glen State Park (western Luzerne County)

Other recreation[]

The Susquehanna Warrior Trail is in Luzerne County.[18]

Education[]

Public school districts[]

Map of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania School Districts

  • Berwick Area School District (also in Columbia County)
  • Crestwood School District
  • Dallas School District
  • Greater Nanticoke Area School District
  • Hanover Area School District
  • Hazleton Area School District (also in Carbon and Schuylkill Counties)
  • Lake-Lehman School District (also in Wyoming County)
  • Northwest Area School District
  • Pittston Area School District
  • Wilkes-Barre Area School District
  • Wyoming Area School District (also in Wyoming County)
  • Wyoming Valley West School District

Charter schools[]

  • Bear Creek Community Charter School

Public vocational technical schools[]

  • West Side Area Vocational Technical School

Private schools[]

  • Dallas Township School
  • Graham Academy
  • Holy Redeemer High School
  • Jenny Lynn Ferraro Academy
  • Milford E Barnes Junior School
  • MMI Preparatory School
  • New Story School
  • Wilkes Barre Academy
  • Wyoming Seminary[19]

Colleges and universities[]

  • Luzerne County Community College
  • King's College
  • Misericordia University
  • Penn State Hazleton
  • Penn State Wilkes-Barre
  • Wilkes University

Luzerne County Public Library Branches[]

The Luzerne County Library System includes the following locations:

  • Back Mountain Memorial Library, Back Mountain, Pennsylvania
  • Hazleton Area Public Library, Hazleton, Pennsylvania
  • Hoyt Library, Kingston, Pennsylvania
  • Marian Sutherland Kirby Library, Mountaintop, Pennsylvania
  • Mill Memorial Library, Nanticoke, Pennsylvania
  • Osterhout Free Library, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • Pittston Memorial Library, Pittston, Pennsylvania
  • Plymouth Public Library, Plymouth, Pennsylvania
  • West Pittston Library, West Pittston, Pennsylvania
  • Wyoming Free Library, Wyoming, Pennsylvania

See also[]

  • Luzerne County Transportation Authority
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
  • Pennamite-Yankee War
  • USS Luzerne County (LST-902)

References[]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/42/42079.html. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Luzerne County Historical Society
  4. ^ "Twin Shaft Disaster Marker". Hmdb.org. August 19, 2008. http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=10470. Retrieved July 21, 2009. 
  5. ^ Pittston, PA Twin Shaft Mine Cave In, June 1896
  6. ^ Mandatory Evacuation of Wyoming Valley by 4 p.m., Times-Leader, September 8, 2011
  7. ^ Eckert, Paul (September 9, 2011). "UPDATE 3-Pennsylvania hit by huge flooding, towns submerged". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/09/09/usa-flooding-idUSN1E7880XA20110909. 
  8. ^ Luzerne officials issue mandatory evacuation in footprint of Agnes flood, Times Tribune, September 8, 2011
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  11. ^ Census data, USA Today
  12. ^ US Census Bureau. "2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates." American FactFinder <http://factfinder2.census.gov>.
  13. ^ David Leip. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  14. ^ "Voter registration statistics by county". https://www.dos.pa.gov/VotingElections/OtherServicesEvents/VotingElectionStatistics/Documents/currentvotestats.xls. 
  15. ^ "2 incumbents, 4 others win county council seats". November 6, 2019. https://www.timesleader.com/news/761167/2-incumbents-4-others-win-county-council-seats. 
  16. ^ "Voting Republican again preferred choice in county". https://www.citizensvoice.com/news/voting-republican-again-preferred-choice-in-county-1.2556383. 
  17. ^ http://collection1.libraries.psu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/maps1/id/11918
  18. ^ Susquehanna Warrior Trail, PA - Google Maps. Maps.google.com (1970-01-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
  19. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Licensed, Private Academic Schools in Pennsylvania". http://edna.ed.state.pa.us/EntitySearchResult.asp. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 41°11′N 75°59′W / 41.18, -75.99


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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