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Maassluis
—  Municipality  —
Aerial view of Maassluis

Flag

Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Maassluis in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 51°56′N 4°14′E / 51.933, 4.233Coordinates: 51°56′N 4°14′E / 51.933, 4.233
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Koos Karssen (CDA)
Area[2]
 • Total 10.12 km2 (3.91 sq mi)
 • Land 8.49 km2 (3.28 sq mi)
 • Water 1.63 km2 (0.63 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 4 m (13 ft)
Population (May 2013)[4]
 • Total 31,940
 • Density 3,762/km2 (9,740/sq mi)
Demonym Maassluizenaar or Maassluizer
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 3140–3147
Area code 010
Website maassluis.nl

Maassluis ([maˑˈslœy̆s]  ( listen)) is a town in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The municipality had a population of 31,940 in 2013 and covers 10.12 km2 (3.91 sq mi) of which 1.63 km2 (0.63 sq mi) water.

It received city rights in 1811. It was the setting for Spetters, filmed by director Paul Verhoeven in 1980.

History[]

Maassluis in 1867.

Maassluis was founded circa 1340 as a settlement next to a lock (in Dutch: sluis) in the sea barrier between the North Sea and Rotterdam. Originally Maeslandsluys, it was part of Maesland. In 1489 the settlement was sacked. During the Eighty Years' War, Philips of Marnix, lord of Sint-Aldegonde, started to build a defense wall but before its completion, the Spanish captured it in 1573 and Philips of Marnix was taken prisoner. A year later Maeslandsluys was looted by mutinous Spanish troops.

On 16 May 1614, Maeslandsluys was separated from Maesland by the counts of Holland and renamed Maassluis. This separation may have been religiously motivated: Maassluis was predominantly Protestant and Maasland Catholic. In 1624 the defense wall was demolished to make way for the Great Church, started in 1629. Construction stopped for five years because privateers from Dunkirk raided fishing boats from Maassluis, throwing their crew overboard. It was finished in 1639. On 4 December 1732, the Garrels Organ was inaugurated. Built from 1730 to 1732 by Rudolf Garrels, a pupil of Arp Schnitger, it was a gift by Govert van Wijn, ship-owner from Maassluis.[5]

In 1811 Napoleon Bonaparte granted city rights.

During World War II, , the working population was transferred to Germany for the war industry. Maassluis' ancient church was hit by allied bombers.

Jewish history[]

Dutch Topographic map of Maassluis, July 2013

Church: de Grote Kerk


The Jewish community had its own synagogue, a teacher, a singer and a ritual butcher. Its most common professions were salesman, street trader and butcher. The economy was vulnerable and community growth ended with the industrial revolution. The area became easier to reach and competition became too much. The number of Jews fell from 92 to eight between 1892 and 1930. A cause was the building of a railway in 1881 between Maassluis and Rotterdam. Most Jewish traders moved to Rotterdam, The Hague and Amsterdam, which in the last decade of the 19th century had a growing Jewish population.

Integration in Maassluis ended during the Second World War. The Coltof and Van Gelderen families were deported in 1942 and murdered in Auschwitz.

Economy[]

Maassluis was historically dependent on the fishing near the coast and off Iceland. In the 19th century the tugboat company, L. Smit, and the marine salvage company W.A. van den Tak merged to became Smit-Tak, now a division of the world's largest salvage company,y Smit International. Also, there is still a large shipping agency called Royal Dirkzwager. Maassluis is now mainly a commuter town for Rotterdam.

People born in Maassluis[]

  • Abraham Kuyper (1837-1920), prime minister, journalist, theologian
  • Louis Fles (1872-1940), businessman, activist and author
  • Cornelis Lievense (1899-1949), businessman
  • Bas van Toor (born 1935), clown brother of Adriaan
  • Aad van Toor (born 1942), clown brother of Bas
  • Maarten 't Hart (born 1944), biologist, writer
  • Niko Koffeman (born 1958), politician
  • Chris Woerts (born 1959), businessman
  • Jan Verhaas (born 1966), snooker referee
  • Koen Pijpers (born 1969), hockey player
  • Serge Zwikker (born 1973), basketball player
  • Khalid Boulahrouz (born 1981), footballer
  • Tonny Trindade de Vilhena (born 1995), footballer

Image gallery[]

References[]

External links[]

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Maassluis. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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