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Madison County, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded September 30, 1836
Seat Huntsville
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

837.06 sq mi (2,168 km²)
836.81 sq mi (2,167 km²)
0.25 sq mi (1 km²), 0.03
 - (2010)
 - Density

19/sq mi (7.25/km²)

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2010, the population was 15,717. The county seat is Huntsville. The county was formed on September 30, 1836, and named for James Madison, President of the United States. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Madison County is part of the FayettevilleSpringdaleRogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.


According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 837.06 square miles (2,168.0 km2), of which 836.81 square miles (2,167.3 km2) (or 99.97%) is land and 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2) (or 0.03%) is water.[1]

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Ozark National Forest (part)


Major highways[]

  • US 412.svg U.S. Highway 412
  • Arkansas 12.svg Highway 12
  • Arkansas 16.svg Highway 16
  • Arkansas 21.svg Highway 21
  • Arkansas 23.svg Highway 23
  • Arkansas 45.svg Highway 45
  • Arkansas 74.svg Highway 74


The Huntsville Municipal Airport is a public-use airport located two nautical miles (4 km) southwest of the central business district of Huntsville.[2]


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 2,775
1850 4,823 73.8%
1860 7,740 60.5%
1870 8,231 6.3%
1880 11,455 39.2%
1890 17,402 51.9%
1900 19,864 14.1%
1910 16,056 −19.2%
1920 14,918 −7.1%
1930 13,334 −10.6%
1940 14,531 9.0%
1950 11,734 −19.2%
1960 9,068 −22.7%
1970 9,453 4.2%
1980 11,373 20.3%
1990 11,618 2.2%
2000 14,243 22.6%
2010 15,717 10.3%

Age pyramid Madison County[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 14,243 people, 5,463 households, and 4,080 families residing in the county. The population density was 7/km² (17/mi²). There were 6,537 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (8/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.94% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.47% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 3.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,463 households out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.00% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.30% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,895, and the median income for a family was $32,910. Males had a median income of $24,911 versus $18,786 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,736. About 14.70% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.60% of those under age 18 and 18.00% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[]

  • Birthplace of outlaw and lawman John Selman, best known for murdering outlaw John Wesley Hardin in 1895.
  • Orval E. Faubus (1910–1994), governor of Arkansas during the desegregation days, was from the Combs community near Huntsville. He is buried in Combs Cemetery.[8]
  • Ronnie Hawkins, rockabilly singer. His backing band, The Hawks, later played with Bob Dylan and eventually became The Band.
  • Ralph Francis Baker (1938–1998), Madison County Sheriff from 1973 until 1998 when his automobile was swept into the White River while crossing a low water bridge, resulting in his drowning death on January 5, 1998.[9] Baker was under investigation by the FBI at the time of his death. Real estate ventures [10] and missing funds from the Madison County Drug Eradication Fund -- along with other allegations -- were more than likely the cause of the federal investigation.[11]
  • Billie Jean Phillips; murdered in her Madison County home on September 2, 1994.[12] The case remains unsolved and is shrouded in mystery. Clint Eugene Phillips was acquitted of her murder in 2003 by a jury trial.[13]
  • David McElyea, a longtime resident of the county penned a book titled When Money Grew on Trees: The True Tale of a Marijuana Moonshiner and the Outlaw Sheriff of Madison County, Arkansas. The book is a tale of David's exploits and his relationship with Sheriff Ralph Baker.[14] In 2009, he committed suicide by slitting his throat in a Fayetteville Walmart Supercenter after being detained for suspicion of shoplifting.[15]

Cities and towns[]

  • Hindsville
  • Huntsville
  • St. Paul

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Delaney
  • Kingston
  • Marble
  • Clifty
  • Forum
  • Weathers
  • Witter
  • Japton
  • Combs
  • Pettigrew
  • Wesley
  • Aurora


File:Madison County Arkansas 2010 Township Map small.jpg

Townships in Madison County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Madison County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses.


  • Alabam
  • Bohannan
  • Boston
  • Bowen
  • California
  • Hilburn (St. Paul)
  • Japton
  • Kentucky
  • Kings River
  • Lamar
  • Lincoln
  • Marble
  • Mill Creek
  • Prairie (Hindsville)
  • Purdy
  • Richland
  • Valley
  • Venus
  • War Eagle (Huntsville)
  • Wharton
  • White River

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, Arkansas


External Links[]

Coordinates: 36°01′38″N 93°41′45″W / 36.02722, -93.69583

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Madison County, Arkansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.