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Madison County, Ohio
London-ohio-courthouse.jpg
Madison County Courthouse
Flag of Madison County, Ohio
Flag
Seal of Madison County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1810[1][2]
Named for James Madison[3]
Seat London
Largest city London
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

467 sq mi (1,210 km²)
466 sq mi (1,207 km²)
0.8 sq mi (2 km²), 0.2%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

43,824
auto/sq mi (Expression error: Unrecognized word "auto"./km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.madison.oh.us

Madison County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 43,824.[4] Its county seat is London.[5] The county is named for James Madison, President of the United States and was established on March 1, 1810.[6]

Madison County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2008, Madison County, which spans Interstates 70 and 71 as they converge on Columbus, was cited by the Ohio State Highway Patrol as leading the state for the most speeding tickets 20-mph or more over the posted limit.[7] Despite a population of around 42,000 in 2006,[8] over 7,700 such tickets were issued in three years. Three of Madison County's 18 fatal crashes in 2006 and 2007 occurred on interstates.[9] Madison County is also home to the Ohio Peace Officer Training Academy, the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Identification & Investigation, and several prison facilities.[10]

History[]

In 1850, the county contained 24 churches and one newspaper office, had a total population of 10,015, and the county's public school system had 3838 pupils.[11] With agriculture as the primary business, that same year the county produced 726,451 bushels of corn, 19,308 tons of hay, 120,696 pounds of wool, and 128,948 pounds of butter.[11] In 1900, the county had a population of 20,590.[12]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 467 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 466 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[13]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • I-70
  • I-71
  • US 40
  • US 42
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/OH/link SR|Template:Infobox road/OH/abbrev SR]]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 1,603
1820 4,799 199.4%
1830 6,190 29.0%
1840 9,025 45.8%
1850 10,015 11.0%
1860 13,015 30.0%
1870 15,633 20.1%
1880 20,129 28.8%
1890 20,057 −0.4%
1900 20,590 2.7%
1910 19,902 −3.3%
1920 19,662 −1.2%
1930 20,253 3.0%
1940 21,811 7.7%
1950 22,300 2.2%
1960 26,454 18.6%
1970 28,318 7.0%
1980 33,004 16.5%
1990 37,068 12.3%
2000 40,213 8.5%
2010 43,435 8.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2020 [18]

2000 census[]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 40,213 people, 13,672 households, and 10,035 families living in the county. The population density was 86 people per square mile (33/km2). There were 14,399 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.75% White, 6.24% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,672 households, out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.70% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 117.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,212, and the median income for a family was $50,520. Males had a median income of $35,251 versus $26,119 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,721. About 6.20% of families and 7.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 43,435 people, 14,734 households, and 10,580 families living in the county.[20] The population density was 93.2 inhabitants per square mile (36.0 /km2). There were 15,939 housing units at an average density of 34.2 per square mile (13.2 /km2).[21] The racial makeup of the county was 90.6% white, 6.6% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[20] In terms of ancestry, 32.0% were German, 16.5% were Irish, 14.5% were American, and 9.6% were English.[22]

Of the 14,734 households, 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.2% were non-families, and 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age was 39.1 years.[20]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,533 and the median income for a family was $63,397. Males had a median income of $46,550 versus $33,193 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,980. About 8.9% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.[23]

Politics[]

Madison County is a Republican stronghold county in presidential elections. The only two Democrats to win the county were Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 & 1936 and Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964.

United States presidential election results for Madison County, Ohio[24]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 13,835 69.57% 5,698 28.65% 354 1.78%
2016 11,631 66.76% 4,779 27.43% 1,011 5.80%
2012 10,342 58.91% 6,845 38.99% 370 2.11%
2008 10,606 60.57% 6,532 37.30% 372 2.12%
2004 11,117 63.90% 6,203 35.65% 78 0.45%
2000 8,892 60.63% 5,287 36.05% 488 3.33%
1996 6,871 51.20% 5,072 37.79% 1,478 11.01%
1992 6,865 48.79% 3,998 28.41% 3,208 22.80%
1988 8,303 70.26% 3,421 28.95% 93 0.79%
1984 8,979 74.91% 2,928 24.43% 80 0.67%
1980 7,166 63.14% 3,565 31.41% 619 5.45%
1976 7,074 58.17% 4,885 40.17% 202 1.66%
1972 8,372 75.67% 2,484 22.45% 208 1.88%
1968 5,882 57.15% 2,780 27.01% 1,631 15.85%
1964 4,945 48.44% 5,264 51.56% 0 0.00%
1960 7,256 66.37% 3,677 33.63% 0 0.00%
1956 6,483 69.28% 2,875 30.72% 0 0.00%
1952 6,279 66.40% 3,177 33.60% 0 0.00%
1948 4,730 58.44% 3,356 41.46% 8 0.10%
1944 5,546 62.17% 3,374 37.83% 0 0.00%
1940 5,904 57.35% 4,390 42.65% 0 0.00%
1936 4,843 47.81% 5,184 51.17% 103 1.02%
1932 4,631 49.13% 4,722 50.10% 73 0.77%
1928 5,522 68.13% 2,527 31.18% 56 0.69%
1924 4,829 61.97% 2,685 34.46% 278 3.57%
1920 5,397 58.76% 3,769 41.03% 19 0.21%
1916 2,809 50.92% 2,667 48.35% 40 0.73%
1912 2,271 43.37% 2,172 41.48% 793 15.15%
1908 3,051 54.93% 2,430 43.75% 73 1.31%
1904 3,164 59.07% 2,103 39.26% 89 1.66%
1900 3,197 55.58% 2,493 43.34% 62 1.08%
1896 3,308 54.01% 2,751 44.91% 66 1.08%
1892 2,594 50.93% 2,292 45.00% 207 4.06%
1888 2,708 50.71% 2,376 44.49% 256 4.79%
1884 2,706 52.28% 2,391 46.19% 79 1.53%
1880 2,680 53.09% 2,305 45.66% 63 1.25%
1876 2,191 50.24% 2,145 49.19% 25 0.57%
1872 1,934 54.25% 1,625 45.58% 6 0.17%
1868 1,682 52.04% 1,550 47.96% 0 0.00%
1864 1,688 58.94% 1,176 41.06% 0 0.00%
1860 1,417 53.03% 1,016 38.02% 239 8.94%
1856 997 46.85% 656 30.83% 475 22.32%



Libraries[]

The following libraries serve the communities of Madison County.

  • Hurt/Battelle Memorial Library in West Jefferson, Ohio
  • London Public Library in London, Ohio
  • Mount Sterling Public Library in Mt. Sterling, Ohio
  • Plain City Public Library in Plain City, Ohio

Communities[]

Map of Madison County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[]

  • London (county seat)

Villages[]

  • Midway
  • Mount Sterling
  • Plain City
  • South Solon
  • West Jefferson

Townships[]

  • Canaan
  • Darby
  • Deer Creek
  • Fairfield
  • Jefferson
  • Monroe
  • Oak Run
  • Paint
  • Pike
  • Pleasant
  • Range
  • Somerford
  • Stokes
  • Union

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated places[]

  • Choctaw Lake
  • Lafayette
  • Plumwood

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Amity
  • Big Plain
  • Chenoweth
  • Chrisman
  • Florence
  • Gillivan
  • Kileville
  • Kiousville
  • Lilly Chapel
  • Madison Lake
  • McClimansville
  • McKendree
  • Newport
  • Range
  • Resaca
  • Rosedale
  • Rupert
  • Summerford
  • Tradersville
  • Wrightsville

See also[]

  • Madison Lake State Park
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, Ohio

References[]

  1. ^ "Madison County Online Services". Madison County, Ohio. http://www.co.madison.oh.us/301.html. 
  2. ^ Williams, James (1887). The revised statutes of the state of Ohio, Volume 3. The Wrighton Printing Company. pp. 583. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196. https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_9V1IAAAAMAAJ. 
  4. ^ 2020 census
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  6. ^ "Madison County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39097&sid=0. 
  7. ^ "AGGRESSIVE DRIVING: 20mph+ Over the Speed Limit", Ohio State Highway Patrol, Traffic Safety Bulletin, Feb 13, 2008. "Archived copy". http://www.statepatrol.ohio.gov/strategicgoal/Bulletin/2008/TrafficSafety_2008_2.pdf. , retrieved 2008-02-17
  8. ^ U.S. Census Quick Facts : Madison County, Ohio "Archived copy". http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/39/39097.html. , retrieved 2008-02-17
  9. ^ "Madison County Fatal Crashes, 2006-2008", Ohio State Highway Patrol, "Archived copy". http://www.statepatrol.ohio.gov/fatals/Fatal%20Map/2008/Madison_Fatals_08.pdf. , retrieved 2008-02-17
  10. ^ "No radar needed in Ohio", Motor Trend [1], retrieved 2011-05-25
  11. ^ a b Thomas Baldwin & J. Thomas, A new and complete gazetteer of the United States, Lippincott, Grambo & Co, 1854, Pg. 643
  12. ^ Stella Shoemaker Wilson, Ohio, Macmillan, 1902, Pg. 97
  13. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_39.txt. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/oh190090.txt. 
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  18. ^ 2020 census
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  20. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US39097. 
  21. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US39097. 
  22. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US39097. 
  23. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US39097. 
  24. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 39°54′N 83°24′W / 39.90, -83.40

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