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Madison County, Tennessee
Old Madison County Courthouse, Jackson.JPG
Madison County Courthouse in March 2012
Map of Tennessee highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the U.S. highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for James Madison[1]
Seat Jackson
Largest city Jackson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

559 sq mi (1,448 km²)
557 sq mi (1,443 km²)
1.5 sq mi (4 km²), 0.3%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

98,823
176/sq mi (68/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website https://www.madisoncountytn.gov

Madison County is a county located in the western part of the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 98,823.[2] Its county seat is Jackson.[3]

Madison County is included in the Jackson, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Madison County was formed in 1821, and named for founding father and president, James Madison. The county was part of lands the United States purchased from the Chickasaw in 1818.[4] After Congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, most Chickasaw were forced out of the state and west to Indian Territory beyond the Mississippi River.

Pinson Mounds, one of the largest Woodland period (c. 1-500CE) mound complexes in the United States, is located in Madison County. It has the second-tallest earthwork mound in the United States.[5]

Geography[]

Madison County TN sign 001.jpg

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 559 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 557 square miles (1,440 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.3%) is water.[6]

Airport[]

McKellar-Sipes Regional Airport (MKL) serves the county. Air Choice One began commercial service to St. Louis Lambert International Airport on June 28, 2015, and then added direct service to Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport.[7][8]

Adjacent counties[]

State protected areas[]

  • Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park
  • South Fork Waterfowl Refuge

Demographics[]

{{US Census population |1830= 11594 |1840= 16530 |1850= 21470 |1860= 21535 |1870= 23480 |1880= 30874 |1890= 30497 |1900= 36333 |1910= 39357 |1920= 43824 |1930= 51059 |1940= 54115 |1950= 60128 |1960= 60655 |1970= 65727 |1980= 74546 |1990= 77982 |2000= 91837 |2010= 98294 |2020= 98823 |align-fn=center |footnote=U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2020[2]

2020 census[]

Madison County racial composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 53,264 53.9%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 35,837 36.26%
Native American 175 0.18%
Asian 1,227 1.24%
Pacific Islander 13 0.01%
Other/Mixed 3,585 3.63%
Hispanic or Latino 4,722 4.78%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 98,823 people, 38,930 households, and 25,748 families residing in the county.

2000 census[]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 91,837 people, 35,552 households, and 24,637 families residing in the county. The population density was 165 people per square mile (64/km2). There were 38,205 housing units at an average density of 69 per square mile (26/km2). There were 35,552 households, out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

The racial makeup of the county was 65.20% non-Hispanic White or European American, 32.46% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 35,552 households, out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.80% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,982, and the median income for a family was $44,595. Males had a median income of $34,253 versus $23,729 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,389. About 10.80% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government[]

United States presidential election results for Madison County, Tennessee[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 23,943 55.75% 18,390 42.82% 617 1.44%
2016 21,335 55.97% 15,448 40.52% 1,337 3.51%
2012 21,993 54.03% 18,367 45.13% 342 0.84%
2008 23,290 53.12% 20,209 46.09% 347 0.79%
2004 21,679 56.05% 16,840 43.54% 156 0.40%
2000 17,862 52.64% 15,781 46.51% 287 0.85%
1996 14,908 50.42% 13,577 45.92% 1,080 3.65%
1992 14,869 47.66% 13,629 43.69% 2,698 8.65%
1988 16,952 60.46% 11,001 39.23% 86 0.31%
1984 17,819 59.64% 12,006 40.18% 55 0.18%
1980 13,667 50.27% 12,986 47.77% 534 1.96%
1976 11,364 46.08% 12,989 52.67% 306 1.24%
1972 15,481 72.31% 5,203 24.30% 725 3.39%
1968 6,143 29.14% 5,517 26.17% 9,420 44.69%
1964 10,932 50.83% 10,573 49.17% 0 0.00%
1960 8,863 50.09% 8,083 45.68% 747 4.22%
1956 6,642 41.42% 8,540 53.25% 855 5.33%
1952 7,243 45.50% 8,623 54.17% 53 0.33%
1948 1,681 18.68% 4,722 52.48% 2,594 28.83%
1944 1,793 23.85% 5,706 75.91% 18 0.24%
1940 1,271 17.06% 6,154 82.63% 23 0.31%
1936 1,223 16.64% 6,095 82.93% 32 0.44%
1932 1,124 18.64% 4,813 79.83% 92 1.53%
1928 1,894 34.64% 3,574 65.36% 0 0.00%
1924 1,110 22.51% 3,422 69.40% 399 8.09%
1920 2,665 33.54% 5,280 66.46% 0 0.00%
1916 1,194 30.44% 2,659 67.78% 70 1.78%
1912 1,036 25.06% 2,702 65.36% 396 9.58%
1908 1,357 34.91% 2,409 61.98% 121 3.11%
1904 1,180 29.51% 2,618 65.48% 200 5.00%
1900 1,147 31.26% 2,379 64.84% 143 3.90%
1896 1,024 21.53% 3,701 77.80% 32 0.67%
1892 900 22.65% 2,569 64.65% 505 12.71%
1888 1,479 31.12% 3,206 67.47% 67 1.41%
1884 1,901 43.70% 2,393 55.01% 56 1.29%
1880 2,223 42.64% 2,834 54.36% 156 2.99%



The county is headed by an elected county mayor (currently Jimmy Harris) and county commission of 25 members elected from 10 districts.[16]

Healthcare[]

West Tennessee Healthcare (Jackson-Madison County General Hospital District), created by a law passed by the Tennessee General Assembly in 1949, serves as the public hospital system of the county. The county appoints some of the members of the board of directors.[17]

Trivia[]

This is the Madison County to which Kenny Rogers refers in his song "Reuben James".[18]

Communities[]

Madison County TN county line marker.jpg

Cities[]

  • Humboldt (partial)
  • Jackson (county seat)
  • Medon
  • Three Way

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Adair
  • Beech Bluff
  • Claybrook
  • Denmark
  • Five Points
  • Mercer
  • Neely
  • Oakfield
  • Pinson
  • Spring Creek

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Madison County, Tennessee

References[]

  1. ^ Origins Of Tennessee County Names, Tennessee Blue Book 2005–2006, pages 508–513
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/47/47113.html. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ Harbert Alexander, "Madison County", Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture; retrieved October 22, 2013.
  5. ^ Mark Norton, "The Pinson Mounds Complex", West Tennessee Historical Society Papers, Vol. 55 (2001). Copy obtained at Pinson Mounds State Archaeological Park.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_47.txt. 
  7. ^ Keller, Rudi (August 9, 2009). "Other cities in Great Lakes Airlines' contract find new carrier". Southeast Missourian. http://www.semissourian.com/story/1560922.html. 
  8. ^ Martin, Mariann (August 31, 2009). "Nashville flights begin from McKellar-Sipes Regional Airport". The Jackson Sun: p. A1. https://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/jacksonsun/access/1851442521.html?FMT=ABS&date=Aug+31,+2009. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/tn190090.txt. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US47113&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  16. ^ "Madison County, TN - Official Website". Madison County, Tennessee. http://www.co.madison.tn.us/. 
  17. ^ "About Us". West Tennessee Healthcare. https://www.wth.org/about-us/. Retrieved 2021-12-02. 
  18. ^ "65: Reuben James | Chicken Soup for the Soul". July 2, 2014. http://www.chickensoup.com/book-story/23604/65-reuben-james. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 35°37′N 88°50′W / 35.61, -88.84


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Madison County, Tennessee. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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