|March 13 in recent years
March 13 is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 293 days remaining until the end of the year.
- 1138 - Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected anti-pope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.
- 1639 - Harvard College was named for clergyman John Harvard.
- 1781 - William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus.
- 1845 - Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto is premièred in Leipzig with Ferdinand David as soloist.
- 1862 - American Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers from returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.
- 1865 - American Civil War: The Confederate States of America reluctantly agrees to the use of African American troops.
- 1881 - Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. (Gregorian date: it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia.)
- 1884 - The siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins (ends on January 26, 1885).
- 1897 - San Diego State University founded.
- 1900 - Boer War: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.
- 1900 - In France, length of a workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
- 1921 - Mongolia, under Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg, declares its independence from China.
- 1925 - Scopes Trial: A law in Tennessee prohibits the teaching of evolution.
- 1930 - The news of the discovery of Pluto was telegraphed to the Harvard College Observatory.
- 1933 - Great Depression: Banks in the United States begin to re-open after the Presidentially mandated "bank holiday".
- 1940 - Russo-Finnish Winter War ended.
- 1943 - World War II: In Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on American forces at Hill 700.
- 1943 - Holocaust: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.
- 1954 - Battle of Điện Biên Phủ: Viet Minh forces attack the French.
- 1957 - Cuban student revolutionaries storm the presidential palace in Havana in a failed attempt on the life of President Fulgencio Batista.
- 1962 - Lyman Lemnitzer, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the USA, proposes a document, called Operation Northwoods, regarding performing terrorist attacks in Guantanamo Bay, to Secretary of Defense Robert Mcnamara. The proposal is scrapped and President John F. Kennedy removes Lemnitzer from his position.
- 1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.
- 1979 - The New Jewel Movement, headed by Maurice Bishop, ousts Prime Minister Eric Gairy in a nearly bloodless coup d'etat in Grenada.
- 1986 - Microsoft has its Initial public offering.
- 1989 - A geomagnetic storm caused the collapse of the Hydro-Quebec power grid. Six million people were left without power for nine hours.
- 1991 - The United States Justice Department announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
- 1992 - An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
- 1996 - The Dunblane Massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 children and 1 adult teacher are shot dead by a spree killer who then commits suicide.
- 1997 - India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
- 1997 - The Phoenix lights were seen over Phoenix, & were seen by hundreds of people, & millions on television. And are now, hotly debated in controversy.
- 2003 - Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old upright-walking human footprints have been found in Italy.
- 2007 - The Bank of England launched a new £20, featuring the Scottish economist Adam Smith. It was the first note in the new Series F banknotes
- 1372 - Louis of Valois, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)
- 1615 - Pope Innocent XII (d. 1700)
- 1683 - John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
- 1700 - Michel Blavet, French flutist (d. 1768)
- 1719 - John Griffin Whitwell, British field marshal (d. 1797)
- 1720 - Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
- 1733 - Joseph Priestley, English scientist and minister (d. 1804)
- 1741 - Joseph II (d. 1790)
- 1763 - Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (d. 1815)
- 1764 - Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1845)
- 1781 - Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect (d. 1841)
- 1784 - Jean Moufot, French philosopher and mathematician (d. 1842)
- 1798 - Abigail Fillmore, First Lady of the United States (d. 1853)
- 1815 - James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
- 1855 - Percival Lowell, American astronomer (d. 1916)
- 1860 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
- 1864 - Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (d. 1941)
- 1870 - Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
- 1884 - Sir Hugh Walpole, English novelist (d. 1941)
- 1890 - Fritz Busch, German conductor (d. 1951)
- 1898 - Henry Hathaway, American film director and producer (d. 1985)
- 1899 - John Hasbrouck van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1980)
- 1899 - Jan Lechoń, Polish poet (d. 1956)
- 1900 - Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
- 1900 - Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
- 1907 - Mircea Eliade, Romanian historian of religions and writer (d. 1986)
- 1908 - Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (d. 2002)
- 1910 - Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
- 1910 - Sammy Kaye, American musician (d. 1987)
- 1911 - L. Ron Hubbard, American author and founder of Scientology (d. 1986)
- 1913 - William Casey, American CIA director (d. 1987)
- 1913 - Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (d. 1985)
- 1913 - Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer
- 1914 - Edward O'Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
- 1914 - W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998)
- 1921 - Al Jaffee, American cartoonist
- 1923 - William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)
- 1926 - Raúl Alfonsín, President of Argentina
- 1926 - Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (d. 2003)
- 1927 - Robert Denning, American interior designer (d. 2005)
- 1929 - Peter Breck, American actor
- 1930 - Jan Howard, American singer
- 1930 - Liz Anderson, American singer
- 1933 - Mike Stoller, American songwriter
- 1934 - Barry Hughart, American author
- 1935 - Joseph Mascolo, American actor
- 1935 - Leslie Parrish, American actress
- 1935 - Michael Walzer, American philosopher
- 1938 - Erma Franklin, American singer (d. 2002)
- 1939 - Neil Sedaka, American singer and songwriter
- 1942 - Dave Cutler, American software engineer
- 1942 - Geoffrey Hayes, English television presenter and actor
- 1942 - Scatman John, (real name John Larkin) American singer (d. 1999)
- 1943 - André Téchiné, French film director and screenwriter
- 1945 - Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician
- 1945 - Michael Martin Murphey, American musician
- 1946 - Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier (d. 1976)
- 1947 - Beat Richner, Swiss physician and cellist
- 1948 - Robert S. Woods, American actor
- 1949 - Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (d. 1974)
- 1949 - Julia Migenes, American soprano
- 1950 - William H. Macy, American actor
- 1951 - Fred Berry, American actor and dancer (d. 2003)
- 1952 - Wolfgang Rihm, German composer
- 1953 - Deborah Raffin, American actress
- 1955 - Bruno Conti, Italian footballer
- 1955 - Glenne Headly, American actress
- 1956 - Dana Delany, American actress
- 1957 - Steve Lake, American baseball player
- 1960 - Yuri Andrukhovych, Ukrainian writer, poet and political essayist
- 1960 - Adam Clayton, Irish bassist (U2)
- 1960 - Joe Ranft, American animator (d. 2005)
- 1963 - Fito Páez, Argentine musician and songwriter
- 1964 - Will Clark, American baseball player
- 1967 - Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (d. 1994)
- 1968 - Akira Nogami, Japanese professional wrestler
- 1970 - Tim Story, American film director
- 1971 - Annabeth Gish, American actress
- 1971 - Robert Lanham, American author and satirist
- 1972 - Common, American rapper
- 1973 - Edgar Davids, Dutch footballer
- 1973 - David Draiman, American musician and songwriter (Disturbed)
- 1973 - Bobby Jackson, American basketballer
- 1974 - Thomas Enqvist, Swedish tennis player
- 1974 - Vampeta, Brazilian footballer
- 1976 - James Dewees, musician
- 1976 - Danny Masterson, American actor
- 1977 - Ed Sloan, American musician (Crossfade)
- 1977 - Momo Sylla, Guinean footballer
- 1977 - Kay Tse, Hong Kong singer
- 1978 - Tom Danielson, American cyclist
- 1978 - Karina Smirnoff, Ukrainian dancer
- 1979 - Johan Santana, Venezuelan baseball player
- 1979 - Spanky G, American musician (Bloodhound Gang)
- 1980 - Lee Jung-hyun, South Korean pop singer and actress
- 1981 - Stephen Maguire, Scottish snooker player
- 1983 - Kaitlin Sandeno, American swimmer
- 1984 - Pieter Custers, Dutch athlete
- 1984 - Yuuka Nanri, Japanese seiyū
- 1984 - Marc Zwiebler, German badminton player
- 1985 - Emile Hirsch, American actor
- 1986 - Natalie and Nicole Albino, American musicians (Nina Sky)
- 1986 - Chiaki Kyan, Japanese gravure idol
- 1987 - Marco Andretti, American racecar driver (grandson of Mario Andretti)
- 1989 - Harry Melling, British actor
- 1999 - Wiktoria Gąsiewska, Polish actress
- 1271 - Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
- 1395 - John Barbour, Scottish poet
- 1516 - King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (b. 1456)
- 1569 - Louis I de Bourbon, French Huguenot general (b. 1530)
- 1573 - Michel de l'Hôpital, French statesman
- 1604 - Arnaud d'Ossat, French diplomat and writer (b. 1537)
- 1619 - Richard Burbage, English actor (b. 1567)
- 1711 - Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (b. 1636)
- 1773 - Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)
- 1778 - Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
- 1803 - William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
- 1808 - King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
- 1842 - Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
- 1854 - Jean-Baptiste Guillaume Joseph, French statesman (b. 1773)
- 1879 - Adolf Anderssen, German chess player (b. 1818)
- 1881 - Tsar Alexander II of Russia (b. 1818)
- 1884 - Leland Stanford, son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)
- 1901 - Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (b. 1833)
- 1906 - Susan B. Anthony, American women's suffrage activist (b. 1820)
- 1911 - John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
- 1918 - César Cui, Russian composer (b. 1835)
- 1925 - Lucille Ricksen, American actress (b. 1909)
- 1938 - Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)
- 1938 - Clarence Darrow, American attorney (b. 1857)
- 1941 - Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (b. 1881)
- 1943 - Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
- 1949 - Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
- 1955 - King Tribhuvan of Nepal (b. 1906)
- 1963 - Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)
- 1964 - Kitty Genovese, American murder victim (b. 1935)
- 1965 - Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
- 1965 - Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
- 1965 - Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)
- 1972 - Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
- 1975 - Ivo Andrić, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1892)
- 1983 - Louison Bobet, French cyclist (b. 1925)
- 1988 - John Holmes, American porn star (b. 1944)
- 1990 - Bruno Bettelheim, American psychiatrist (b. 1903)
- 1990 - Karl Münchinger, German conductor (b. 1915)
- 1995 - Leon Day, American baseball player (b. 1916)
- 1995 - Odette, French-born WWII heroine (b. 1912)
- 1996 - Krzysztof Kieślowski, Polish film director (b. 1941)
- 1998 - Bill Reid, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
- 1998 - Hans von Ohain, German engineer (b. 1911)
- 1999 - Lee Falk, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
- 1999 - Garson Kanin, American writer and director (b. 1912)
- 1999 - Bidu Sayao, Brazilian born soprano (b. 1902)
- 2001 - Henry Lee Lucas of heart failure major serial killer, 63 years old
- 2002 - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
- 2004 - Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
- 2006 - Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish footballer (b. 1944)
- 2006 - Maureen Stapleton, American actress (b. 1925)
- 2006 - Peter Tomarken, American game show host (Press Your Luck) (b. 1942)
- 2007 - Arnold Skaaland, American professional wrestler (b. 1925)
135 Familypedia people were born on March 13
147 Familypedia people died on March 13
64 Familypedia people were first married on March 13