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Maria Cantemir was born 29 April 1700 in Constantinople, Turkey to Dimitrie Cantemir (1673-1723) and Cassandra Cantacuzino (1682-1713) and died 9 September 1754 Moscow, Russia of unspecified causes.

Maria Cantemir (1700–1754) was a Romanian noblewoman, a lady in waiting and salonist, and a mistress of Peter the Great.

Maria was born in Istanbul as the daughter of the Moldavian Prince Dimitrie Cantemir. She was very well educated. From 1711, she lived in Russia, and in 1720, she became involved in a relationship with Emperor Peter. Maria followed Peter to Astrakhan in 1722, where she gave birth to a son by him. The child died in 1723, possibly poisoned by the physician of Empress Catherine I of Russia. Catherine regarded Maria as a threat and was afraid of being replaced as empress by her. The relationship with Peter continued until his death in 1725, when she was forced to leave court. She was a lady in waiting to Grand Duchess Natalya Alexeyevna in 1727–28 and to Empress Anna of Russia in 1730–31. After this, she hosted a literary salon in Saint Petersburg.

She is also mentioned in the autobiography of the Swedish slave Lovisa von Burghausen. Burghausen was the prisoner of [Dimitrie Cantemir (1673-1723)|[Dimitrie Cantemir]] in 1713-1714, and credited Maria and her sister Smaragda with saving her from freezing to death during a punishment, by allowing her to sleep in their bedroom instead of in an unheated stone room in the middle of winter.[1][2]

References

  1. ^ Alf Åberg: Karolinska Kvinnoöden (Fates of women in the Carolinian age) (Swedish)
  2. ^ Alf Åberg: Fångars elände. Karolinerna i Ryssland 1700-1723 (The misery of prisoners. The Carolinians in Russia 1700-1723) (Swedish)
Persondata
NAME Cantemir, Maria
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Romanian noble
DATE OF BIRTH 1700
PLACE OF BIRTH
DATE OF DEATH 1754
PLACE OF DEATH




Siblings

#g1: Offspring of Dimitrie Cantemir (1673-1723) and Cassandra Cantacuzino (1682-1713)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Maria Cantemir (1700-1757) 29 April 1700, Constantinople, Turkey 9 September 1754, Moscow, Russia Peter I of Russia (1672-1723)
Ecaterina-Smaragda Cantemir (1701-1720) 14 April 1701, Constantinople, Turkey 14 July 1720, Moscow, Russia
Matei Cantemir (1703-1771) 18 October 1703, Constantinople, Turkey 30 November 1771, Moscow, Russia Agrafena Yakovlevna Lobanova-Rostovskaya (1708-1772)
Constantin Cantemir (1705-1747) 29 April 1705, Constantinople, Turkey 19 January 1747, Saint Petersburg, Russia Anastasya Dmitrievna Golitsyna (1698-1746)
Sergei Cantemir (1706-1780) 11 August 1706, Constantinople, Turkey 24 April 1780, Moscow, Russia Avdotya Moiseyevna Alfimova (c1720-c1770)
Antioh Cantemir (1708-1744) 8 September 1708, Constantinople, Turkey 31 March 1744, Paris, France
Petru Cantemir (1711-1712) 1711, Dmitrovsk, Dmitrovsk Rayon, Oryol Oblast, Russia 1712, Dmitrovsk, Dmitrovsk Rayon, Oryol Oblast, Russia
Ion Cantemir (1712-1713) 1712, Dmitrovsk, Dmitrovsk Rayon, Oryol Oblast, Russia 1713, Dmitrovsk, Dmitrovsk Rayon, Oryol Oblast, Russia
#g2: Offspring of Dimitrie Cantemir (1673-1723) and Anastasia Trubetskaya (1700-1755)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Yekaterina Smaragda Kantemir (1720-1761) 4 November 1720, Saint Petersburg, Russia 3 November 1761, Versailles, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France Dmitri Mikhailovich Golitsyn (1721-1793)


Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

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