Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Marshall County, Indiana
Plymouth-indiana-courthouse.jpg
Marshall County courthouse in Plymouth, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Marshall County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 7 February 1835 (authorized)
1836 (organized)
Named for John Marshall
Seat Plymouth
Largest city Plymouth
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

449.74 sq mi (1,165 km²)
443.63 sq mi (1,149 km²)
6.11 sq mi (16 km²), 1.36%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

46,095
104.2/sq mi (40/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.marshall.in.us
Footnotes: Indiana county number 50

Marshall County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. Census 2020 recorded the population at 46,095.[1] The county seat (and only city) is Plymouth.[2]

History[]

The Indiana State Legislature passed an omnibus county bill[3] on 7 February 1835 that authorized the creation of thirteen counties in northeast Indiana, including Marshall.[4] It was named for U.S. Chief Justice John Marshall, who died in 1835.[5] The government of the county was organized in 1836, during the early years of settlement and before the forced removal of the Potawatomi people in 1838. The first settlers had arrived in the county in 1835; they arrived as a result of the end of the Black Hawk War as well as the completion of the Erie Canal. They consisted primarily of settlers from New England, "Yankees" descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era. They were mainly members of the Congregational Church, although due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before migrating to the new area. As a result of this heritage, some place names in Marshall County are named after places in New England, such as Plymouth, which is named after Plymouth, Massachusetts, the site where the Mayflower landed in 1620.[6]

Geography[]

The low, rolling hills of Marshall County are completely devoted to agriculture where possible (significant drainages are wooded).[7] The highest points on the terrain are three approximately equal swells (900'/274 meters ASL) along the south border line with Fulton County, 1.4 mile (2.2 km) NW of Richland Center.[8]

Marshall County contains three significant bodies of water: Lake of the Woods (NE portion); Lake Maxinkuckee (SW portion); and part of Koontz Lake (NW portion).[7] The Yellow River flows through northern, central, and western portions of Marshall County, past Plymouth; the Tippecanoe River flows southwesterly through the SE part of the county.[9]

According to the 2010 census, Marshall County has a total area of 449.74 square miles (1,164.8 km2), of which 443.63 square miles (1,149.0 km2) (or 98.64%) is land and 6.11 square miles (15.8 km2) (or 1.36%) is water.[10]

Adjacent counties[]

Protected areas[]

  • Menominee Wetland Conservation Area (W of Plymouth)
  • Potawatomi Wildlife Park (on W bank of Tippecanoe River in SE county)

Major highways[]

  • US 6
  • US 30
  • US 31
  • SR 8
  • SR 10
  • SR 17
  • SR 25
  • SR 106
  • SR 110
  • SR 117
  • SR 331

Communities[]

City and towns[]

Census-designated place[]

  • Koontz Lake (partial)

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Burr Oak
  • Donaldson
  • Harris
  • Hibbard
  • Inwood (called "Pearson" 1854–1856)
  • Maxinkuckee
  • Old Tip Town
  • Teegarden
  • Tippecanoe
  • Tyner
  • Walnut

Townships[]

  • Bourbon
  • Center
  • German
  • Green
  • North
  • Polk
  • Tippecanoe
  • Union
  • Walnut
  • West

Climate and weather[]

Climate chart for Plymouth, Indiana
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.16
 
32
16
 
 
1.86
 
38
20
 
 
2.85
 
49
29
 
 
3.96
 
62
39
 
 
4.27
 
74
49
 
 
4.48
 
83
58
 
 
3.74
 
86
62
 
 
3.35
 
84
60
 
 
3.58
 
77
53
 
 
3.19
 
64
42
 
 
3.19
 
50
32
 
 
2.78
 
37
22
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[11]

In recent years, average temperatures in Plymouth have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−31.7 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.86 inches (47 mm) in February to 4.48 inches (114 mm) in June.[11]

Government[]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County council: The legislative branch of the county government; controls spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected to four-year terms from county districts. They set salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[12][13]

Board of commissioners: The executive body of the county; commissioners are elected county-wide, to staggered four-year terms. One commissioner serves as president. The commissioners execute acts legislated by the council, collect revenue, and manage the functions of the county government.[12][13]

Current commissioners: Stan Klotz, Mike Burroughs, Kevin Overmyer (as of July 2020)

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that handles civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[13]

County Officials: The county has other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Officials are elected to four-year terms. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[13]

Marshall County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district and is currently represented by Jackie Walorski in the United States Congress.[14] It is also part of Indiana Senate districts 5 and 9[15] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 17 and 23.[16]

United States presidential election results for Marshall County, Indiana[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 13,844 69.38% 5,712 28.63% 397 1.99%
2016 12,288 67.36% 4,798 26.30% 1,155 6.33%
2012 11,260 63.25% 6,137 34.48% 404 2.27%
2008 10,406 56.03% 7,889 42.48% 276 1.49%
2004 12,074 67.78% 5,593 31.40% 147 0.83%
2000 10,266 63.57% 5,541 34.31% 343 2.12%
1996 8,158 52.84% 5,486 35.53% 1,796 11.63%
1992 8,048 48.58% 4,912 29.65% 3,607 21.77%
1988 10,490 65.41% 5,488 34.22% 60 0.37%
1984 11,100 68.76% 4,931 30.54% 113 0.70%
1980 10,209 62.21% 5,113 31.16% 1,089 6.64%
1976 9,707 59.16% 6,424 39.15% 277 1.69%
1972 11,908 73.02% 4,349 26.67% 51 0.31%
1968 9,290 56.67% 5,385 32.85% 1,719 10.49%
1964 7,895 48.10% 8,397 51.15% 123 0.75%
1960 10,460 62.47% 6,210 37.09% 74 0.44%
1956 10,504 65.72% 5,398 33.78% 80 0.50%
1952 9,990 63.12% 5,538 34.99% 300 1.90%
1948 7,873 56.97% 5,661 40.97% 285 2.06%
1944 8,225 59.88% 5,254 38.25% 257 1.87%
1940 7,718 56.41% 5,852 42.77% 111 0.81%
1936 6,118 47.17% 6,651 51.28% 202 1.56%
1932 4,943 39.84% 7,212 58.13% 252 2.03%
1928 6,738 60.24% 4,377 39.13% 70 0.63%
1924 5,354 53.22% 4,277 42.51% 429 4.26%
1920 5,708 53.64% 4,631 43.52% 303 2.85%
1916 2,855 44.64% 3,221 50.36% 320 5.00%
1912 1,196 20.21% 2,859 48.31% 1,863 31.48%
1908 2,947 45.31% 3,287 50.54% 270 4.15%
1904 3,001 48.39% 2,878 46.40% 323 5.21%
1900 2,947 45.12% 3,449 52.81% 135 2.07%
1896 2,938 44.45% 3,588 54.29% 83 1.26%
1892 2,558 43.41% 3,113 52.83% 222 3.77%
1888 2,582 43.70% 3,188 53.96% 138 2.34%



Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 1,651
1850 5,348 223.9%
1860 12,722 137.9%
1870 20,211 58.9%
1880 23,414 15.8%
1890 23,818 1.7%
1900 25,119 5.5%
1910 24,175 −3.8%
1920 23,744 −1.8%
1930 25,077 5.6%
1940 25,935 3.4%
1950 29,468 13.6%
1960 32,443 10.1%
1970 34,986 7.8%
1980 39,155 11.9%
1990 42,182 7.7%
2000 45,128 7.0%
2010 47,051 4.3%
US Decennial Census[18]
1790-1960[19] 1900-1990[20]
1990-2000[21] 2010-2020[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,051 people, 17,406 households, and 12,516 families in the county.[22] The population density was 106.1 inhabitants per square mile (41.0 /km2). There were 19,845 housing units at an average density of 44.7 per square mile (17.3 /km2).[10] The racial makeup of the county was 93.5% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.8% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.4% of the population.[22] In terms of ancestry, 35.4% were German, 11.2% were Irish, 9.4% were American, and 8.5% were English.[23]

Of the 17,406 households, 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families, and 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 38.4 years.[22]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $58,017. Males had a median income of $43,732 versus $30,033 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,493. About 8.7% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.[24]

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Marshall County, Indiana

References[]

  1. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Marshall County, Indiana". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/marshallcountyindiana,US/PST045221. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ John W Tyndall & OE Lesh, Standard history of Adams and Wells Counties, Indiana. pp. 284-6 (accessed 9 August 2020)
  4. ^ The counties are Dekalb, Fulton, Jasper, Jay, Kosciusko, Marshall, Newton, Porter, Pulaski, Stark, Steuben, Wells, and Whitley. Newton County was merged with Jasper County in 1839, and was re-authorized as a separate county in 1859.
  5. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co.. pp. 567. https://archive.org/details/anillustratedhi02tuttgoog. 
  6. ^ McDonald, Daniel. A Twentieth Century History of Marshall County, Indiana (Vol. 1)
  7. ^ a b Marshall County IN (Google Maps, accessed 29 July 2020)
  8. ^ Marshall County High Point, Indiana (PeakBagger.com, accessed 29 July 2020)
  9. ^ Indiana Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth ME: DeLorme. 1998. pp. 20–21, 26–27. ISBN 0-89933-211-0. 
  10. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY10/0500000US18099. 
  11. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Plymouth IN". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIN0540. 
  12. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. 
  13. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. 
  14. ^ "US Congresswoman Jackie Walorski". US Congress. https://walorski.house.gov/. 
  15. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3006.htm. 
  16. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3005.htm. 
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  18. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  19. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  20. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/in190090.txt. 
  21. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  22. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US18099. 
  23. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0400000US18%7c0500000US18099. 
  24. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0400000US18%7c0500000US18099. 

Coordinates: 41°20′N 86°16′W / 41.33, -86.26


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Marshall County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Advertisement