Mary Allerton Cushman was born June 1616 in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands to Isaac Allerton (1586-1658) and Mary Norris (1588-1621) and died 28 November 1699 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States of unspecified causes. She married Thomas Cushman (1608-1691) 1636 in Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States.

Last surviving passenger of the Mayflower.

Vital statistics[]



Mary Allerton Cushman (b. June 1616 - November 28, 1699) was born about 1616 in Leiden, Holland, to parents Isaac and Mary (Norris) Allerton. She was the last surviving passenger of the Mayflower. After arriving in Plymouth Colony at age 4, she lived her entire life there.

She came to Plymouth on the Mayflower in 1620, at about the age of four. Around 1636, she married Thomas Cushman. Thomas had come to Plymouth at the age of 13 on the ship Fortune in 1621 with father Robert Cushman, a prominent member of the Pilgrims' congregation in Leiden. Thomas and Mary both lived to very old age, having never moved from Plymouth. Thomas died in December 1691, nearly reaching 85 years in age. Mary, who gave birth to and raised eight children, lived to the age of 83. Prior to her death in November 1699, she was the last surviving Mayflower passenger. She was buried in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Marriage and family[]

Thomas Cushman (1608-1691) - He came to Plymouth with his father Robert Cushman on the ship Fortune in November 1621, his father being on colony business from England. His father Robert returned to England alone, leaving Thomas as a ward of Governor William Bradford.[1] In 1649 Thomas succeeded William Brewster as Ruling Elder and held that position for over 40 years until his death. Over his long life Cushman became a person of note in the colony being involved in numerous important activities. His wife Mary was the daughter of Pilgrim Isaac Allerton.

Thomas and Mary had a surprisingly prosperous family: seven of their eight children survived to adulthood, got married, and provided at least 50 grandchildren.

  1. Thomas Cushman (1637-1726) - Thomas, Jr. was born about 1637 in Plymouth and died in Plympton, Mass. on August 23, 1726. He married: 1. Ruth Howland on November 17, 1664 and had three children. Ruth was a daughter of Mayflower passenger John Howland. 2. Abigail (Titus) Fuller on October 16, 1679 and had four children.
  2. Sarah Cushman (1639-1694) - born about 1641 in Plymouth and died after February 10, 1706/07. She married: 1. John Hawkes in Lynn on April 11, 1661 and had eight children. He died on August 5, 1694. 2. Daniel Hutchins shortly after November 7, 1695.
  3. Mary Cushman (1641-1684) - born in Plymouth, but the year is unknown. She died before October 22, 1690. She married Francis Hutchinson about 1676 and had three children.
  4. Isaac Cushman (1648-1732) - born February 8, 1648/9 and died in Plympton on October 21, 1732. He married Rebecca Harlow about 1675 and had seven children. Both were buried in Hillcrest Cemetery, Plympton, Mass. Rebecca was a sister of William Harlow, married to Isaac’s sister Lydia.
  5. Elkanah Cushman (1651-1727) - born June 1, 1651 in Plymouth and died in Plympton on September 4, 1727. He married: 1. Elizabeth Cole on February 10, 1677 and had three children. She died January 4, 1681/2. 2. Martha Cooke on March 2, 1682 and had five children. Martha was a granddaughter of Mayflower passenger Francis Cooke.
  6. Feare Cushman (1653-) - was born on June 20, 1653 and died before October 22, 1690.
  7. Eleazer Cushman (1656-1723) - as born February 20, 1656/7 in Plymouth and died after November 1733. He married Elizabeth Coombs (Combs) on January 12, 1687/8 and had eight children.
  8. Lydia Cushman (1660-1719) - was born about 1662 in Plymouth and died there on February 11, 1718/9. She married William Harlow about January 1682/3 and had nine children. William Harlow was the brother of Rebecca Harlow, wife of Lydia’s brother Isaac.


Offspring of Mary Allerton Cushman and Thomas Cushman (1608-1691)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Thomas Cushman (1637-1726) 16 September 1637 Scituate, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States 23 August 1726 Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States Ruth Howland (1646-1679) Ruth Howland (1646-1679) Abigail Titus (1653-1734)
Sarah Cushman (1639-1694)
Mary Cushman (1641-1684)
Isaac Cushman (1648-1732) 8 February 1648 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States 21 October 1732 Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States Rebekah Harlow (1655-1727)
Elkanah Cushman (1651-1727) 1 June 1651 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Kingdom of England 4 September 1727 Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Kingdom of England Elizabeth Cole (1654-1681) Elizabeth Cole (1654-1681) Martha Cooke (1659-1722)
Feare Cushman (1653-)
Eleazer Cushman (1656-1723) 20 February 1656 Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachusetts 14 October 1723 Plympton, Plymouth County, Massachusetts Elizabeth Royal Coombs (1662-1723)
Lydia Cushman (1660-1719)

Vital Records[]

Cushman Memorial[]


Cushman Memorial is a granite column, twenty-five feet high, and it is by far the most conspicuous monument on "Burial Hill" in Plymouth MA. It is dedicated to this key supporter of the early Mayflower pilgrims.

Memorial South side: --


Son of Robert, died X December, MDCXCI, Aged neatly LXXXIV years. For more than XLII years he was Ruling Elder oú the First Church in Plymouth, By whom a tablet was placed to mark his grave on this spot, Now consecrated anew by a more enduring memorial.


widow of Elder Cushman, and daughter of Isaac Allerton, Died XXVIII November, MDCXCIX, aged about XC years, The last survivor of the first comers in the Mayflower.

Pilgrim Monument[]


National Monument to the Forefathers, commemorates the Mayflower Pilgrims, (including this person) who came to Plymouth Colony in 1620 on the Mayflower. Dedicated on August 1, 1889, it is thought to be the world's largest solid granite monument. Located on an 11 acre hilltop site on Allerton Street in Plymouth, Massachusetts.