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McKinley County, New Mexico
McKinley County New Mexico Court House.jpg
McKinley County Courthouse in Gallup
Seal of McKinley County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting McKinley County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded January 1, 1901
Named for William McKinley
Seat Gallup
Largest city Gallup
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

5,455.5 sq mi (14,130 km²)
5,450 sq mi (14,115 km²)
5.5 sq mi (14 km²), 0.1%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

72,902
13/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.co.mckinley.nm.us

McKinley County is a county in the northwestern section of the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 72,902.[1] Its county seat is Gallup.[2] The county was created in 1901 and named for President William McKinley.[3]

McKinley County is Gallup's micropolitan statistical area.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,455 square miles (14,130 km2), of which 5,450 square miles (14,100 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • I-40.svg Interstate 40
  • US 491.svg U.S. Route 491 (formerly US 666.svg)
  • New Mexico Highway 264
  • New Mexico Highway 371
  • New Mexico Highway 602

National protected areas[]

  • Chaco Culture National Historical Park (part)
  • Cibola National Forest (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1910 12,963
1920 13,731 5.9%
1930 20,643 50.3%
1940 23,641 14.5%
1950 27,451 16.1%
1960 37,209 35.5%
1970 43,208 16.1%
1980 56,449 30.6%
1990 60,686 7.5%
2000 74,798 23.3%
2010 71,492 −4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[]

As of the 2000 census,[9] there were 74,798 people, 21,476 households, and 16,686 families living in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km2). There were 26,718 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 74.72% Native American, 16.39% White, 0.46% Asian, 0.40% Black or African American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.47% from other races, and 2.52% from two or more races. 12.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 21,476 households, out of which 46.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.70% were married couples living together, 22.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.30% were non-families. 19.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.44 and the average family size was 3.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 38.00% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 17.60% from 45 to 64, and 6.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,005, and the median income for a family was $26,806. Males had a median income of $26,963 versus $21,014 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,872. About 31.90% of families and 36.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.30% of those under age 18 and 31.50% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.

McKinley County is one of only 38 county-level census divisions of the United States where the most spoken language is not English and one of only 3 where it is neither English nor Spanish. 45.75% of the population speak Navajo at home, followed by English at 38.87%, Zuñi at 9.03%, and Spanish at 5.72%.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 census, there were 71,492 people, 21,968 households, and 16,219 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 13.1 inhabitants per square mile (5.1 /km2). There were 25,813 housing units at an average density of 4.7 per square mile (1.8 /km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 75.5% Native American, 15.2% white, 0.8% Asian, 0.5% black or African American, 4.9% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.3% of the population.[10]

Of the 21,968 households, 46.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 24.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families, and 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.82. The median age was 30.7 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $31,335 and the median income for a family was $37,345. Males had a median income of $31,527 versus $26,236 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,932. About 26.6% of families and 33.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.0% of those under age 18 and 31.3% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Communities[]

City[]

  • Gallup (county seat)

Census-designated places[]

  • Black Rock
  • Brimhall Nizhoni
  • Church Rock
  • Crownpoint
  • Crystal
  • Nakaibito
  • Navajo
  • Pueblo Pintado
  • Ramah
  • Rock Springs
  • Thoreau
  • Tohatchi
  • Tse Bonito
  • Twin Lakes
  • Yah-ta-hey
  • Zuni Pueblo

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Borrego Pass
  • Buffalo Springs
  • Chi Chil Tah
  • Continental Divide
  • Gamerco
  • Jamestown
  • Pinedale
  • Prewitt
  • Rehoboth
  • Smith Lake
  • Vanderwagen

Education[]

Locally controlled public schools in most of McKinley County are run by Gallup-McKinley County Schools, the local school district, and include Crownpoint High School, Gallup Central High School, Gallup High School, Hiroshi Miyamura High School, Navajo Pine High School, Ramah Middle / High School, Thoreau High School, Tohatchi High School, and Tse Yi Gai High School.[13] Areas in and around the Zuni reservation are in the Zuni Public School District,[14] which operates Zuni High School.

There are two Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) boarding schools in the Fort Wingate area: Wingate Elementary School,[15] and Wingate High School. The BIE also operates a K-8 school, Pueblo Pintado Community School, in Pueblo Pintado,[16] and a K-6 school, Baca /Dlo'Ay Azhi Community School.[17] Additionally there is a tribal school affiliated with the BIE, Ch'ooshgai Community School, in Tohatchi.[18]

Politics[]

During its early history from 1912 to 1928, McKinley County voted for the Republican candidate in every presidential election. From 1932 onward, the county has backed Democratic candidates in all but three presidential elections that were national landslides for the Republican Party. This factor can be attributed to the county's large Native American majority which consists of over three-quarters of its population.

United States presidential election results for McKinley County, New Mexico[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,801 29.45% 18,029 68.07% 656 2.48%
2016 5,104 23.52% 13,576 62.55% 3,023 13.93%
2012 5,546 25.29% 15,841 72.24% 542 2.47%
2008 6,382 27.50% 16,572 71.41% 253 1.09%
2004 7,351 35.64% 13,051 63.28% 221 1.07%
2000 5,070 31.93% 10,281 64.75% 528 3.33%
1996 4,470 28.79% 10,124 65.21% 932 6.00%
1992 4,720 30.39% 9,405 60.56% 1,406 9.05%
1988 5,694 36.81% 9,595 62.04% 178 1.15%
1984 6,557 44.78% 7,915 54.05% 171 1.17%
1980 7,329 56.66% 4,869 37.64% 736 5.69%
1976 4,617 39.83% 6,856 59.14% 120 1.04%
1972 5,366 49.74% 5,124 47.49% 299 2.77%
1968 4,376 45.71% 4,491 46.91% 706 7.37%
1964 2,965 29.65% 6,913 69.13% 122 1.22%
1960 4,262 43.08% 5,599 56.60% 32 0.32%
1956 4,450 56.97% 3,331 42.64% 30 0.38%
1952 3,091 49.80% 3,097 49.90% 19 0.31%
1948 2,109 40.96% 2,995 58.17% 45 0.87%
1944 1,547 41.14% 2,210 58.78% 3 0.08%
1940 1,701 40.19% 2,525 59.66% 6 0.14%
1936 1,404 35.60% 2,526 64.05% 14 0.35%
1932 1,373 39.35% 2,096 60.07% 20 0.57%
1928 2,075 62.22% 1,247 37.39% 13 0.39%
1924 1,653 51.24% 1,150 35.65% 423 13.11%
1920 1,525 60.02% 989 38.92% 27 1.06%
1916 669 54.57% 550 44.86% 7 0.57%
1912 264 36.07% 224 30.60% 244 33.33%



See also[]

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in McKinley County, New Mexico

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/35/35031.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "New Mexico: Consolidated Chronology of State and County Boundaries". New Mexico Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/NM_Consolidated_Chronology.htm. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_35.txt. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/nm190090.txt. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US35031. 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US35031. 
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US35031. 
  13. ^ "Gallup-McKinley County Schools - High Schools". https://www.gmcs.org/apps/pages/index.jsp?uREC_ID=1190765&type=d&pREC_ID=1434281. 
  14. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: McKinley County, NM". U.S. Census Bureau. https://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/DC2020/PL20/st35_nm/schooldistrict_maps/c35031_mckinley/DC20SD_C35031.pdf. Retrieved 2021-07-20. 
  15. ^ "Home". Wingate Elementary School. http://www.wes.bie.edu/. Retrieved 2021-07-11. 
  16. ^ "Pueblo Pintado Community School". Bureau of Indian Education. https://www.bie.edu/schools/directory/pueblo-pintado-community-school. Retrieved 2022-01-11. 
  17. ^ "U.S. Department of the Interior - Bureau of Indian Education". https://www.bie.edu/schools/directory/baca-dloay-azhi-community-school. 
  18. ^ "Ch'ooshgai Community School". Bureau of Indian Education. https://www.bie.edu/schools/directory/chooshgai-community-school. Retrieved 2022-01-12. 
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

Coordinates: 35°35′N 108°16′W / 35.58, -108.26


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at McKinley County, New Mexico. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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