Miklós Horthy de Nagybanya was born 14 February 1907 in Pula, Istria County, Croatia to Miklós Horthy (1868-1957) and Magdolna Purgly (1881-1959) and died 28 March 1993 Lisbon, Portugal of unspecified causes. He married Consuelo Károlyi (1905-1976) 4 August 1927 in Budapest, Hungary. He married Helen Lindsay-Lewis (1916-c2005) 22 December 1958 in Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom.
In his youth, Miklós Horthy and his older brother, István, were active members of a Roman Catholic Scout troop of the Hungarian Scout Association (Magyar Cserkészszövetség), although he was a Protestant.
For a time, Miklós Horthy was the Hungarian plenipotentiary minister to Brazil.
After the death of István in 1942, Miklós Jr. became more powerful in his father's government and supported his efforts to end the involvement of the Kingdom of Hungary with the Axis Powers. But on October 15, 1944, Nazi Germany launched Operation Panzerfaust (bazooka, also known as Operation Mickey Mouse). As part of this operation, Miklós Jr. was kidnapped by German commandos led by Otto Skorzeny, and threatened with death unless his father surrendered and agreed to appoint the Arrow Cross Party as the new government. His father complied, and Horthy Jr. survived the war.
While his father was placed under house arrest in Bavaria, the younger Miklós was sent to the Dachau concentration camp. Late in April 1945, Miklós was taken to the Tyrol with other prominent inmates of Dachau. There the SS abandoned their prisoners as Allied forces advanced. The younger Miklós Horthy was liberated by the Fifth U.S. Army on May 5, 1945.
Father and son went into exile in Portugal, where Miklós Horthy Jr. lived almost fifty years before dying at Estoril, near Lisbon, in 1993. He had two daughters, Zsófia (born in 1928) and Nicolette (1929).
- ^ John S. Wilson: Scouting Round the World, first edition, London, Blandford Press, 1959, 81.
- ^ Peter Koblank: Die Befreiung der Sonder- und Sippenhäftlinge in Südtirol, Online-Edition Mythos Elser 2006 (German)
|NAME||Horthy, Miklos, Jr.|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Hungarian politician and noble|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 14, 1907|
|PLACE OF BIRTH|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 28, 1993|
|PLACE OF DEATH|
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