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Mitchell County, Iowa
Mitchell County Courthouse, Osage.jpg
The courthouse in Osage is on the NRHP
Map of Iowa highlighting Mitchell County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the U.S. highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for John Mitchel
Seat Osage
Largest city Osage
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

470 sq mi (1,217 km²)
469 sq mi (1,215 km²)
0.4 sq mi (1 km²), 0.09
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

10,565
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website https://mitchellcounty.iowa.gov/

Mitchell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 10,565.[1] The county seat is Osage.[2] The county is named in honor of John Mitchel.

History[]

Mitchell County was founded in 1851. It was named after John Mitchel, an Irish patriot. The county's courthouse was completed in 1858,[3] and it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The courthouse has since been razed.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 470 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 469 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.09%) is water.[4]

Major highways[]

  • US 218 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 218
  • Iowa 9.svg Iowa Highway 9

Adjacent counties[]

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 3,409
1870 9,582 181.1%
1880 14,363 49.9%
1890 13,299 −7.4%
1900 14,916 12.2%
1910 13,435 −9.9%
1920 13,921 3.6%
1930 14,065 1.0%
1940 14,121 0.4%
1950 13,945 −1.2%
1960 14,043 0.7%
1970 13,108 −6.7%
1980 12,329 −5.9%
1990 10,928 −11.4%
2000 10,874 −0.5%
2010 10,776 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[9]

Population of Mitchell County from US census data

2020 census[]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 10,565 in the county, with a population density of 22.8027/sq mi (8.8042/km2). 97.47% of the population reported being of one race. 93.84% were non-Hispanic White, 0.40% were Black, 1.83% were Hispanic, 0.11% were Native American, 0.44% were Asian, 0.04% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 3.35% were some other race or more than one race. There were 4,847 housing units, of which 4,382 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 10,776 in the county, with a population density of 22.9805/sq mi (8.8728/km2). There were 4,850 housing units, of which 4,395 were occupied.[10]

2000 census[]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Mitchell County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Mitchell County's 99% White population makes it the county with the smallest percentage of minorities nationally.[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 10,874 people, 4,294 households, and 2,984 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 4,594 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.27% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.21% from two or more races; 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,294 households, out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 21.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males; for every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,843, and the median income for a family was $41,233. Males had a median income of $29,601 versus $22,054 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,809. About 7.00% of families and 10.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[]

Starting with Michael Dukakis's win in 1988, Mitchell County became a Democratic leaning county, voting for Democrats in all presidential elections through 2012. Mitchell County was the whitest county in the United States that voted for President Barack Obama, both in 2008 and 2012.[13] In 2016, Trump became the first Republican to win it since Ronald Reagan in 1984, winning it by a 24% margin, the largest margin for a presidential candidate since 1968. He won it again in 2020, by an even larger 28% margin, the largest margin since 1952. Also, In 2020 Trump became the first Republican to win the county while losing nationally since 1960.

United States presidential election results for Mitchell County, Iowa[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,677 63.16% 2,053 35.26% 92 1.58%
2016 3,190 58.89% 1,888 34.85% 339 6.26%
2012 2,643 47.31% 2,831 50.68% 112 2.01%
2008 2,469 42.82% 3,179 55.13% 118 2.05%
2004 2,646 48.28% 2,785 50.82% 49 0.89%
2000 2,388 46.26% 2,650 51.34% 124 2.40%
1996 1,877 37.01% 2,596 51.19% 598 11.79%
1992 1,933 36.15% 2,177 40.71% 1,237 23.13%
1988 2,338 44.52% 2,870 54.66% 43 0.82%
1984 3,144 54.74% 2,531 44.07% 68 1.18%
1980 3,401 58.00% 2,040 34.79% 423 7.21%
1976 2,887 49.00% 2,906 49.32% 99 1.68%
1972 3,395 57.44% 2,449 41.43% 67 1.13%
1968 3,533 60.60% 2,103 36.07% 194 3.33%
1964 2,489 39.06% 3,868 60.69% 16 0.25%
1960 3,915 57.59% 2,873 42.26% 10 0.15%
1956 4,175 61.29% 2,630 38.61% 7 0.10%
1952 5,050 69.78% 2,175 30.05% 12 0.17%
1948 3,021 49.37% 2,873 46.95% 225 3.68%
1944 3,406 55.54% 2,696 43.97% 30 0.49%
1940 3,947 56.49% 3,025 43.29% 15 0.21%
1936 2,765 41.87% 3,610 54.67% 228 3.45%
1932 2,527 38.59% 3,940 60.16% 82 1.25%
1928 3,534 59.90% 2,308 39.12% 58 0.98%
1924 2,892 46.93% 400 6.49% 2,871 46.58%
1920 4,476 83.95% 773 14.50% 83 1.56%
1916 1,963 64.38% 1,033 33.88% 53 1.74%
1912 590 20.33% 1,082 37.28% 1,230 42.38%
1908 1,932 65.09% 988 33.29% 48 1.62%
1904 2,158 74.93% 634 22.01% 88 3.06%
1900 2,450 70.40% 981 28.19% 49 1.41%
1896 2,498 69.80% 1,031 28.81% 50 1.40%
1892 1,797 58.92% 1,162 38.10% 91 2.98%
1888 1,683 61.02% 1,028 37.27% 47 1.70%
1884 1,509 58.02% 1,077 41.41% 15 0.58%
1880 1,665 63.65% 832 31.80% 119 4.55%



Economy[]

In January 2017, Mitchell County supervisors denied an application for an Iowa Select contracted farm in Lincoln Township. It was planned for 5,000-hogs.[15]

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Carpenter
  • McIntire
  • Mitchell
  • Orchard
  • Osage
  • St. Ansgar
  • Stacyville

Census-designated places[]

  • Little Cedar
  • Meyer
  • Mona
  • New Haven
  • Otranto
  • Toeterville

Townships[]

  • Burr Oak
  • Cedar
  • Douglas
  • East Lincoln
  • Jenkins
  • Liberty
  • Mitchell
  • Newburg
  • Osage
  • Otranto
  • Rock
  • St. Ansgar
  • Stacyville
  • Union
  • Wayne
  • West Lincoln

Population ranking[]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Mitchell County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Osage City 3,627
2 St. Ansgar City 1,160
3 Riceville (partially in Howard County) City 806
4 Stacyville City 458
5 Mitchell City 124
6 McIntire City 113
7 Carpenter City 87
8 New Haven CDP 77
9 Orchard City 68
10 Little Cedar CDP 64
11 Toeterville CDP 53
12 Mona CDP 35
13 Otranto CDP 27
14 Meyer CDP 14

See also[]

  • Mitchell County Courthouse
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Mitchell County, Iowa

References[]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". United states Census Bureau. https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial/2020/data/01-Redistricting_File--PL_94-171/Iowa/. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "Mitchell County Courthouse". Iowa Judicial Branch. http://www.iowacourtsonline.org/wfdata/frame1759-1464/pressrel66.asp. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ia190090.txt. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/19/19131.html. 
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. 
  11. ^ Census Bureau data, cited in "Minorities now in the majority in nearly 10% of U.S. counties", Associated Press August 8, 2007, Lexington Herald-Leader p A8
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ Buchanan, Larry; McDonald, Brent; Parlapiano, Alicia (January 26, 2016). "Rural Voters Can Swing the Iowa Caucuses. Meet Five of Them.". The New York Times (New York City). https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/01/28/us/elections/rural-iowa-election.html. 
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  15. ^ "Mitchell". Iowa Citizens for Community Improvement. January 31, 2017. http://iowacci.org/tag/mitchell/. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 43°21′20″N 92°47′23″W / 43.35556, -92.78972


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Mitchell County, Iowa. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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