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Monroe County, Indiana
Monroe County Indiana Courthouse.jpg
Monroe County courthouse in Bloomington, Indiana
Seal of Monroe County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Monroe County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1818
Seat Bloomington
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

411.32 sq mi (1,065 km²)
394.35 sq mi (1,021 km²)
16.97 sq mi (44 km²), 4.13%
 - (2010)
 - Density

350/sq mi (135.08/km²)
Congressional district 4th

Indiana county number 53

Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1910. The population was 137,974 at the 2010 census. The county seat is Bloomington.[1]

Monroe County is part of the Bloomington, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Climate and weather[]

Climate chart for Bloomington, Indiana
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[2]

In recent years, average temperatures in Bloomington have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29.4 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.66 inches (68 mm) in January to 5.12 inches (130 mm) in May.[2]


The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the fiscal body of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. There are four elected members representing districts and three members elected at-large. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[3][4]

Board of Commissioners: The executive and legislative body of the county is made of a three member board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. The president of the board of commissioners is the principle executive officer of the county. The commissioners are charged with setting policy and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[3][4]

Court: The county maintains a unified circuit court with nine divisions and a court commissioner that handles civil cases. Judges are elected to a term of six years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level (appeals court, state supreme court).

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, assessor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[4]

Monroe County is part of both Indiana's 4th congressional district and Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress Republican Steve Buyer of the 4th and by Republican Todd Young of the 9th.[5]


According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 411.32 square miles (1,065.3 km2), of which 394.35 square miles (1,021.4 km2) (or 95.87%) is land and 16.97 square miles (44.0 km2) (or 4.13%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • I-69*
  • Indiana 37.svg Indiana State Road 37
  • Indiana 45.svg Indiana State Road 45
  • Indiana 46.svg Indiana State Road 46
  • Indiana 48.svg Indiana State Road 48
  • Indiana 446.svg Indiana State Road 446

Monroe County is one of the most populous counties in the USA which does not currently contain any US highways or Interstate highways. *However, in 2014 the I-69 extension will be complete into the county and this distinction will disappear.

National protected areas[]

  • Hoosier National Forest (part)

Natural wonders[]

  • Buckner Cave


Monroe County was formed in 1818 from portions of Orange County. It was named for James Monroe, fifth President of the United States, who was serving at the time the county was organized.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 2,679
1830 6,577 145.5%
1840 10,143 54.2%
1850 11,286 11.3%
1860 12,847 13.8%
1870 14,168 10.3%
1880 15,875 12.0%
1890 17,673 11.3%
1900 20,873 18.1%
1910 23,426 12.2%
1920 24,519 4.7%
1930 35,974 46.7%
1940 36,534 1.6%
1950 50,080 37.1%
1960 59,225 18.3%
1970 84,849 43.3%
1980 98,785 16.4%
1990 108,978 10.3%
2000 120,563 10.6%
2010 137,974 14.4%

As of the census[7] of 2010, there were 137,974 people, 46,898 households, and 24,715 families residing in the county. The population density was 306 people per square mile (118/km²). There were 50,846 housing units at an average density of 129 per square mile (50/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.83% White, 3.00% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 3.37% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. 1.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.2% were of German, 13.9% American, 10.5% English and 10.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 46,898 households out of which 24.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.80% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.30% were non-families. 32.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county the population was spread out with 18.00% under the age of 18, 27.70% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 17.90% from 45 to 64, and 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,311, and the median income for a family was $51,058. Males had a median income of $34,062 versus $26,076 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,534. About 7.10% of families and 18.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 6.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[]

  • Bloomington
  • Ellettsville
  • Stinesville
  • New Unionville
  • Smithville


  • Bean Blossom
  • Benton
  • Bloomington
  • Clear Creek
  • Indian Creek
  • Perry
  • Polk
  • Richland
  • Salt Creek
  • Van Buren
  • Washington

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Monroe County, Indiana


Further reading[]

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 39°10′N 86°31′W / 39.16, -86.52

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Monroe County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.