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Montgomery County, Alabama
Montgomery County Courthouse.JPG
The Montgomery County Courthouse
Map of Alabama highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 6, 1816[1]
Named for Lemuel P. Montgomery
Seat Montgomery
Largest city Montgomery
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

800 sq mi (2,072 km²)
784 sq mi (2,031 km²)
16 sq mi (41 km²), 2.0
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

228,954
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd, 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.mc-ala.org
Footnotes:  
  • County Number 03 on Alabama Licence Plates
  • One of three counties shuffled to the top 3 numbers because of population size.

Montgomery County is located in the State of Alabama. As of the 2020 census, its population was 228,954, making it the fifth-most populous county in Alabama.[2] Its county seat is Montgomery, the state capital.[3] Montgomery County is included in the Montgomery, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[]

Montgomery County was established by dividing Monroe County on December 6, 1816, by the Mississippi Territorial Legislature.[1] It is named for Lemuel P. Montgomery, a young U.S. Army officer killed at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, the final battle of the Creek Indian war, which was waged concurrently with the War of 1812.[4]

The city of Montgomery, which is the county seat, is named for Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada.[4]

Over much of the 19th century great wealth was derived from the cotton crop, with the Civil War producing a temporary setback. More lasting trouble came in 1914 with the arrival of the boll weevil, which became very destructive to the cotton harvest from 1915 on.[5] By the 1940s county farms earned more from cattle than cotton.[6]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 800 square miles (2,100 km2), of which 784 square miles (2,030 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (2.0%) is water.[7]

Major highways[]

  • I-65 (AL).svg Interstate 65
  • I-85 (AL).svg Interstate 85
  • I-685 (AL).svg Interstate 685 (future)
  • US 31.svg U.S. Highway 31
  • US 80.svg U.S. Highway 80
  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • US 231.svg U.S. Highway 231
  • US 331.svg U.S. Highway 331
  • Alabama 21.svg State Route 21
  • Alabama 94.svg State Route 94
  • Alabama 108.svg State Route 108
  • Alabama 110.svg State Route 110
  • Alabama 126.svg State Route 126
  • Alabama 152.svg State Route 152
  • Alabama 271.svg State Route 271
  • Alabama 293.svg State Route 293

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 6,604
1830 12,695 92.2%
1840 24,574 93.6%
1850 29,711 20.9%
1860 35,904 20.8%
1870 43,704 21.7%
1880 52,356 19.8%
1890 56,172 7.3%
1900 72,047 28.3%
1910 82,178 14.1%
1920 80,853 −1.6%
1930 98,671 22.0%
1940 114,420 16.0%
1950 138,965 21.5%
1960 169,210 21.8%
1970 167,790 −0.8%
1980 197,038 17.4%
1990 209,085 6.1%
2000 223,510 6.9%
2010 229,363 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2020[2]

2020[]

Montgomery County racial composition[12]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 73,354 32.04%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 129,801 56.69%
Native American 364 0.16%
Asian 7,952 3.47%
Pacific Islander 119 0.05%
Other/Mixed 6,680 2.92%
Hispanic or Latino 10,684 4.67%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 228,954 people, 88,864 households, and 53,155 families residing in the county.

2010[]

The 2010 United States Census reported the following county population:

2000[]

As of the census of 2000, there were 223,510 persons, 86,068 households, and 56,804 families in the county. The population density was 283 persons per square mile (109/km2). There were 95,437 housing units, at an average density of 121 per square mile (47/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 48.85% White, 48.58% Black or African American, 0.99% Asian, 0.25% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos, of any race, made up 1.19% of the population.

By 2005, 52.5% of the population was black, 44.0% was non-Hispanic white, 1.4% was Hispanic, 1.2% was Asian, 0.2% was Native American, and 0.9% of the population reported two or more races. This excludes those who reported "some other race" and "white," because the Census Bureau reclassified all who reported "some other race" as white.

There were 86,068 households, 32.20% of which included children under the age of 18, 43.80% were married couples living together, 18.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.00% were non-families. Single-persons households were 29.50% of the total; 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46. The average family size was 3.06.

Persons younger than 18 were 25.80% of the population; those 18–24, 11.70%; 25–44, 29.80%; 45–64, 20.90%; and 65 and older, 11.80%. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.80 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 86.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,962, and the median income for a family was $44,669. Males had a median income of $32,018; females, $24,921. The per capita income for the county was $19,358. About 13.50% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.10% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those 65 and older.


Government, politics and infrastructure[]

Montgomery County is governed by a five-member County Commission who are elected to four-year terms. The County Probate Judge regulates business such as drivers, marriage licences, and voting. The Probate Judge operates four offices: downtown Montgomery, Mobile HWY (Montgomery), Woodley Road (Montgomery), and Atlanta HWY (Montgomery).

The City of Montgomery, located inside Montgomery County, serves as the capital for the State of Alabama and is home to most state government agencies.

In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama won 62,166 votes, or 59 percent, while 42,031 votes (40 percent of those cast) were for John McCain[13]

United States presidential election results for Montgomery County, Alabama[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 33,311 33.60% 64,529 65.09% 1,299 1.31%
2016 34,003 35.46% 58,916 61.45% 2,959 3.09%
2012 38,332 37.56% 63,085 61.81% 650 0.64%
2008 42,031 40.13% 62,166 59.35% 546 0.52%
2004 44,097 49.19% 45,160 50.37% 393 0.44%
2000 38,827 48.34% 40,371 50.26% 1,130 1.41%
1996 37,784 47.98% 38,382 48.74% 2,578 3.27%
1992 40,742 47.29% 37,342 43.34% 8,068 9.36%
1988 41,131 58.43% 28,709 40.79% 551 0.78%
1984 43,328 57.77% 31,206 41.61% 471 0.63%
1980 35,745 53.75% 28,018 42.13% 2,741 4.12%
1976 29,360 53.64% 24,641 45.02% 732 1.34%
1972 35,353 71.86% 12,723 25.86% 1,121 2.28%
1968 6,746 14.50% 12,088 25.98% 27,691 59.52%
1964 23,015 75.47% 0 0.00% 7,482 24.53%
1960 11,778 54.91% 9,421 43.92% 249 1.16%
1956 8,727 46.32% 6,890 36.57% 3,224 17.11%
1952 8,102 46.22% 9,234 52.68% 193 1.10%
1948 802 11.13% 0 0.00% 6,402 88.87%
1944 381 3.98% 9,143 95.62% 38 0.40%
1940 230 1.99% 11,311 97.74% 32 0.28%
1936 223 1.81% 12,061 97.80% 48 0.39%
1932 441 4.19% 10,066 95.57% 26 0.25%
1928 3,114 32.90% 6,347 67.06% 3 0.03%
1924 233 4.62% 4,422 87.70% 387 7.68%
1920 314 4.63% 6,411 94.63% 50 0.74%
1916 106 3.07% 3,316 96.06% 30 0.87%
1912 43 1.33% 3,047 94.10% 148 4.57%
1908 79 2.91% 2,621 96.54% 15 0.55%
1904 50 1.96% 2,492 97.53% 13 0.51%
1900 567 15.06% 3,047 80.91% 152 4.04%
1896 977 23.26% 2,653 63.17% 570 13.57%
1892 7 0.11% 3,702 57.02% 2,784 42.88%
1888 2,966 44.41% 3,712 55.58% 1 0.01%



Infrastructure inside Montgomery County includes both Interstate 85 and 65 along with shipping hubs on the Alabama River and rail hubs located in the City of Montgomery. The Montgomery Regional Airport also serves as a major airport for the State of Alabama and the Southeastern US for passenger service, military aviation, and commercial aviation.

Education[]

The Montgomery Public Schools headquarters and Montgomery County Board of Education is located at 307 S. Decatur Street in Montgomery.

Montgomery Public Schools operates public schools.

The Montgomery City-County Public Library operates public libraries.

Universities/Colleges include:

  • Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University
  • Huntingdon College
  • Faulkner University
  • Alabama State University
  • Auburn University Montgomery
  • Virginia College
  • Amridge University
  • H. Council Trenholm Tech
  • United States Air War College
  • Troy University Montgomery

Cultural sites[]

Montgomery County is home to many cultural and historic sites including:

  • Alabama Shakespeare Festival
  • Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts
  • Montgomery Zoo
  • Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
  • Museum of Alabama (Alabama Department of Archives and History)
  • Alabama State Capitol
  • W. A. Gayle Planetarium
  • Civil Rights Memorial
  • First White House of the Confederacy
  • Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald Museum
  • Old Montgomery Greyhound Bus Station (Freedom Rides Museum)
  • Rosa Parks Library and Museum

Communities[]

City[]

Town[]

  • Pike Road

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Ada
  • Boylston
  • Cecil
  • Currys
  • Dublin
  • Grady
  • Hope Hull
  • Lapine (partly in Crenshaw County)
  • Le Grand
  • Mathews
  • McDade
  • Mount Meigs
  • Pine Level
  • Pintlala
  • Ramer
  • Red Level
  • Snowdoun
  • Waugh

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, Alabama
  • Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Montgomery County, Alabama


References[]

  1. ^ a b A Digest of the Laws of the State of Alabama: Containing The Statutes and Resolutions in Force at the end of the General Assembly in January, 1823. Published by Ginn & Curtis, J. & J. Harper, Printers, New-York, 1828. Title 10. Chapter VII. Pages 83-84. "An Act to divide the County of Monroe, and form a new County by the name of Montgomery—Passed December 6, 1816." (Internet Archive)
  2. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Montgomery County, Alabama; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/montgomerycountyalabama/POP010220. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ a b Hardy, Michael C. (April 20, 2015). The Capitals of the Confederacy: A History. Arcadia Publishing Incorporated. p. 11. ISBN 9781625854322. https://books.google.com/books?id=Pn90CQAAQBAJ&pg=PA11. 
  5. ^ https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_MANUSCRIPTS/alabama/montgomeryAL1926/montgomeryAL1926.pdf Soil Survey of Montgomery County, Alabama
  6. ^ Flynt, Wayne (February 5, 2016). Poor But Proud. 6918: University of Alabama Press. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_01.txt. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/al190090.txt. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US01101&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  13. ^ Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved on July 21, 2013.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 

Further reading[]

  • Burton, Gary P., "The Founding Four Churches: An Overview of Baptist Beginnings in Montgomery County, Alabama," Baptist History and Heritage (Spring 2012), 47#1 pp 39–51.

External links[]

Template:NRHP in Montgomery County, Alabama

Coordinates: 32°13′09″N 86°12′34″W / 32.21917, -86.20944

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Montgomery County, Alabama. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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