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Montgomery County, New York
House in Amsterdam, NY crop.jpg
Greene Mansion in Amsterdam
Flag of Montgomery County, New York
Flag
Seal of Montgomery County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of New York (state)
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded March 12, 1772
Named for Richard Montgomery
Seat Fonda
Largest city Amsterdam
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

410 sq mi (1,062 km²)
403 sq mi (1,044 km²)
7.3 sq mi (19 km²), 1.8
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

49,532[1]
122.9/sq mi (47/km²)
Congressional districts 19th, 20th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.montgomery.ny.us

Montgomery County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 49,532.[2] The county seat is Fonda.[3] The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 at the Battle of Quebec.

Historically occupied by the Mohawk people, one of the original Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, the county was created in 1772 during the period of British colonial rule as Tryon County. In 1784, after the Americans gained independence in the War, it was renamed Montgomery County for one of the heroes.[4]

Montgomery County comprises the Amsterdam, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county borders the north and south banks of the Mohawk River.

History[]

Major general Richard Montgomery, namesake of Montgomery County

This area was occupied by the Mohawk for hundreds of years prior to European colonization. Many warriors allied with the British during the war. When the British lost, they ceded all the Iroquois territory of the Six Nations (the Tuscarora had joined the confederacy in the 18th century) to the United States, without consulting the tribes or bringing them into negotiation.

In 1784, following end of the American Revolutionary War, the European-American settlers renamed Tryon County as Montgomery County. This change was to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died in 1775 attempting to capture the city of Quebec during the Revolutionary War. It replaced the name that formerly honored the last provincial governor of New York.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. The area of the new county was much larger than the present Ontario County, as it included the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

In 1791, Herkimer, Otsego, and Tioga counties were split off from Montgomery.

In 1802, portions of Clinton, Herkimer, and Montgomery counties were combined to form St. Lawrence County.

In 1816, Hamilton County was split off from Montgomery.

In 1838, Fulton County was split off from Montgomery.

In 2012, Montgomery County voters approved a charter for government, making it the 21st county in New York state to do so. In 2013, Matthew L. Ossenfort was elected at-large as the first County Executive in the county's history. Ossenfort took office in 2014, the same year the charter went into effect. Under the terms of the charter, the Board of Supervisors was replaced by a nine-member County Legislature, with members elected from single-member districts. Thomas L. Quackenbush, one of the members, was elected as the first Chairman of the new legislative body, which will be a circulating position.

Congressional districts[]

  • 1789-1797 - None
  • 1797-1803 - NY9
  • 1803-1809 - NY13
  • 1809-1813 - NY9
  • 1813-1823 - NY14
  • 1823-1833 - NY16
  • 1833-1843 - NY15
  • 1843-1853 - NY17
  • 1853-1873 - NY18
  • 1873-1875 - NY19
  • 1875-1893 - NY20
  • 1893-1913 - ?
  • 1913-1945 - NY30
  • 1945-1953 - NY31
  • 1953-1963 - NY32
  • 1963-1971 - NY35
  • 1971-1973 - NY28 & NY29
  • 1973-1983 - NY28 & NY31
  • 1983-1993 - NY23 & ?
  • 1993-2003 - NY21 & NY23
  • 2003-2012- NY21
  • 2013–present - NY19 & NY20

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 410 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 403 square miles (1,040 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (1.8%) is water.[5]

Montgomery County is located in the central part of the state, west of the city of Schenectady and northwest of Albany.

Adjacent counties[]

The Erie Canal runs through Montgomery County parallel to the Mohawk River, connecting to the Wood River to the west, which leads to Lake Ontario. Overall, the canal connected Great Lakes shipping with the Hudson River and the port of New York on the Atlantic Ocean. Several towns and villages developed along the canal, as it carried much trade and passenger traffic during its peak years. After the railroad was built through the state, along the same river plain, it superseded the canal, which was filled in some areas.

At the time of the canal's construction, Montgomery County was the only place where there was a break in the Appalachian Mountains. Called 'The Noses' because of canal construction, it became known as "the gateway to the West". In the mid-twentieth century, the NYS Thruway was constructed parallel to the former east–west routes of the canal and railroad. Today the Erie Canal and its lock system is used primarily for recreational boat use among locals and tourists.

Montgomery County is located in the heart of the state's Mohawk Valley region. Foothills of the Catskill Mountains dot the southern part of the county, while foothills of the Adirondack Mountains dot the north.

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 28,848
1800 22,051 −23.6%
1810 41,214 86.9%
1820 37,569 −8.8%
1830 43,715 16.4%
1840 35,818 −18.1%
1850 31,992 −10.7%
1860 30,866 −3.5%
1870 34,457 11.6%
1880 38,315 11.2%
1890 45,699 19.3%
1900 47,488 3.9%
1910 57,567 21.2%
1920 57,928 0.6%
1930 60,076 3.7%
1940 59,142 −1.6%
1950 59,594 0.8%
1960 57,240 −4.0%
1970 55,883 −2.4%
1980 53,439 −4.4%
1990 51,981 −2.7%
2000 49,708 −4.4%
2010 50,219 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[2]

Montgomery County population distribution by age and sex (2000 census)

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 50,208 people, 20,073 households, and 13,131 families residing in the county. The population density was 123 people per square mile (47/km2). There were 22,522 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (21/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.87% (83.8% Non-Hispanic; 9.07 White Hispanic) White, 1.15% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.92% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.91% of the population. 19.0% identified as being of Italian, 15.9% German, 13.5% Polish, 9.8% Puerto Rican 9.1% Irish, 7.9% American and 6.4% English ancestry, according to Census 2010. 86.8% spoke English, 9.3% Spanish,1.8% Italian, and 1.1% Polish as their first language.

There were 20,038 households, out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.00% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,128, and the median income for a family was $40,688. Males had a median income of $31,818 versus $23,359 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,005. About 9.00% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.80% of those under age 18 and 9.89% of those age 65 or over.

Politics and government[]

United States presidential election results for Montgomery County, New York[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 12,745 60.22% 7,977 37.69% 442 2.09%
2016 11,301 59.31% 6,595 34.61% 1,158 6.08%
2012 9,334 51.33% 8,493 46.70% 359 1.97%
2008 10,711 53.09% 9,080 45.01% 384 1.90%
2004 11,338 53.43% 9,449 44.53% 434 2.05%
2000 9,765 46.93% 10,249 49.25% 795 3.82%
1996 7,172 33.88% 10,485 49.54% 3,509 16.58%
1992 8,802 37.55% 9,509 40.56% 5,132 21.89%
1988 11,128 49.05% 11,371 50.13% 186 0.82%
1984 14,398 61.22% 9,044 38.45% 78 0.33%
1980 11,917 49.48% 9,645 40.04% 2,524 10.48%
1976 13,281 53.70% 11,271 45.57% 182 0.74%
1972 16,640 63.58% 9,460 36.15% 71 0.27%
1968 12,566 49.75% 11,449 45.33% 1,242 4.92%
1964 8,471 30.40% 19,370 69.52% 20 0.07%
1960 14,837 48.13% 15,976 51.82% 14 0.05%
1956 20,678 67.41% 9,996 32.59% 0 0.00%
1952 19,554 60.13% 12,934 39.77% 31 0.10%
1948 14,212 48.90% 14,085 48.46% 767 2.64%
1944 14,726 50.45% 14,400 49.33% 63 0.22%
1940 15,546 50.71% 15,079 49.18% 34 0.11%
1936 14,127 48.48% 14,698 50.44% 314 1.08%
1932 14,104 54.09% 11,700 44.87% 272 1.04%
1928 15,257 60.28% 9,845 38.90% 207 0.82%
1924 12,869 63.20% 5,939 29.17% 1,554 7.63%
1920 12,835 66.07% 5,911 30.43% 679 3.50%
1916 6,704 54.57% 5,347 43.52% 234 1.90%
1912 5,040 42.00% 4,508 37.57% 2,451 20.43%
1908 7,571 57.02% 5,254 39.57% 453 3.41%
1904 7,444 57.29% 5,209 40.09% 340 2.62%
1900 7,302 57.35% 5,138 40.36% 292 2.29%
1896 7,082 58.39% 4,759 39.24% 288 2.37%
1892 5,727 48.38% 5,445 46.00% 665 5.62%
1888 6,365 52.18% 5,677 46.54% 156 1.28%
1884 5,505 49.59% 5,413 48.77% 182 1.64%



Western Montgomery County lies in New York's 19th Congressional District, while the Eastern half lies in New York's 20th Congressional District, the latter of which is represented in Congress by Paul Tonko, a lifelong resident of Amsterdam. While Democrats have been elected to local office, Republican candidates have a +5 margin in Presidential elections.

In 2012, voters approved a county charter under New York's municipal home rule law which established an independent county executive to head its executive branch and replacing the board of supervisors with a nine-seat county legislature.[12] Elections were held the next year and the county began operating under this charter on January 1, 2014.

County executives
Name Party Term
Matthew L. Ossenfort Republican January 1, 2014 – present

Communities[]

City[]

Towns[]

  • Amsterdam
  • Canajoharie
  • Charleston
  • Florida
  • Glen
  • Minden
  • Mohawk
  • Palatine
  • Root
  • St. Johnsville

Villages[]

  • Ames
  • Canajoharie
  • Fonda (county seat)
  • Fort Johnson
  • Fort Plain
  • Fultonville
  • Hagaman
  • Nelliston
  • Palatine Bridge
  • St. Johnsville

Census-designated place[]

  • Tribes Hill

Hamlets[]

  • Auriesville
  • Fort Hunter
  • Freysbush
  • Sprakers
  • Sprout Brook
  • Valley Brook

Notable people[]

  • Joseph Brant, Mohawk Indian, was a Mohawk military and political leader, based in present-day New York, who was closely associated with Great Britain during and after the American Revolution. He and his family were from Canajoharie, New York.
  • Charles Couch, Wisconsin state legislator, was born in Mohawk in Montgomery County in 1833.
  • Bud Fowler, African American baseball player. He was the first African American professional baseball player. He was born in Fort Plain, New York.
  • Sheldon Jackson, Presbyterian missionary, was born in Minaville in Montgomery County in 1834.
  • Cady Staley, 1st President of Case School of Applied Science (now Case Western Reserve University), was born in Minaville in Montgomery County in 1840.
  • Kirk Douglas, actor.
  • George A. Mitchell, founder of Cadillac, Michigan
  • David Pietrusza, author.

See also[]

  • List of counties in New York
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, New York
  • Fort Johnson Volunteer Fire Company

References[]

  1. ^ "US Census 2020 Population Dataset Tables for New York". United States Census Bureau. https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?q=Population%20Total&g=0400000US36%240500000&d=DEC%20Redistricting%20Data%20%28PL%2094-171%29. 
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Montgomery County, New York". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/montgomerycountynewyork/PST120221. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ "New York: Individual County Chronologies". New York Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/NY_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_36.txt. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ny190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  12. ^ "Montgomery County Charter Commission". Fonda, New York: Montgomery County Charter Commission. https://www.co.montgomery.ny.us/sites/public/government/planning/charter/Charter_Development/default.aspx. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 42°55′N 74°26′W / 42.91, -74.44


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Montgomery County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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