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Morgan County, Alabama
Morgan County Alabama Courthouse June 2013 1.jpg
The Morgan County Courthouse in Decatur
Map of Alabama highlighting Morgan County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 6[1], 1818[1]
Named for Daniel Morgan
Seat Decatur
Largest city Decatur
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

599 sq mi (1,551 km²)
579 sq mi (1,500 km²)
20 sq mi (52 km²), 3.3
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

123,421
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.morgan.al.us
Footnotes: *County Number 52 on Alabama Licence Plates

Morgan County is a county in the north central part of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census the population was 123,421.[2] The county seat is Decatur.[3] The county was created by the Alabama Territorial legislature on February 6, 1818, from land acquired from the Cherokee Indians in the Treaty of Turkeytown, and was originally called Cotaco County.[1] On June 14, 1821, it was renamed in honor of American Revolutionary War General Daniel Morgan of Virginia.[4] It is a prohibition or dry county, although alcohol sales are allowed in the cities of Decatur, Hartselle, and Priceville. Morgan County is included in the Decatur, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Huntsville-Decatur-Albertville, AL Combined Statistical Area. It is a part of the North, Northwest, and North-Central regions of Alabama.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 599 square miles (1,550 km2), of which 579 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (3.3%) is water.[5]

River[]

  • Tennessee River

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 5,263
1830 9,062 72.2%
1840 9,841 8.6%
1850 10,125 2.9%
1860 11,335 12.0%
1870 12,187 7.5%
1880 16,428 34.8%
1890 24,089 46.6%
1900 28,820 19.6%
1910 33,781 17.2%
1920 40,196 19.0%
1930 46,176 14.9%
1940 48,148 4.3%
1950 52,924 9.9%
1960 60,454 14.2%
1970 77,306 27.9%
1980 90,231 16.7%
1990 100,043 10.9%
2000 111,064 11.0%
2010 119,490 7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2020[2]

2000 census[]

At the 2000 census there were 111,064 people, 43,602 households, and 31,437 families living in the county. The population density was 191 people per square mile (74/km2). There were 47,388 housing units at an average density of 81 per square mile (31/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 85.07% White, 11.24% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.25% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 3.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[10] According to the census[11] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Morgan County were English 60.1%, Scots-Irish 12.71%, and African 11.24%

Of the 43,602 households 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 24.80% of households were one person and 9.40% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99.

The age distribution was 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median household income was $37,803 and the median family income was $45,827. Males had a median income of $35,759 versus $21,885 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,223. About 9.70% of families and 12.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

At the 2010 census there were 119,490 people, 47,030 households, and 33,135 families living in the county. The population density was 206.4 people per square mile (79.7/km2). There were 51,193 housing units at an average density of 88 per square mile (34/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 79.8% White, 11.9% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.8% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. 7.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12] Of the 47,030 households 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 25.9% of households were one person and 9.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.99.

The age distribution was 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.

The median household income was $44,349 and the median family income was $54,653. Males had a median income of $43,455 versus $29,270 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,090. About 10.9% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census[]

Morgan County racial composition[13]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 88,238 71.49%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 15,307 12.4%
Native American 631 0.51%
Asian 829 0.67%
Pacific Islander 79 0.06%
Other/Mixed 5,960 4.83%
Hispanic or Latino 12,377 10.03%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 123,421 people, 46,470 households, and 31,752 families residing in the county.

Government[]

United States presidential election results for Morgan County, Alabama[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 39,664 73.83% 13,234 24.63% 824 1.53%
2016 37,486 74.02% 11,254 22.22% 1,904 3.76%
2012 35,391 71.56% 13,439 27.17% 629 1.27%
2008 36,014 71.26% 13,895 27.49% 633 1.25%
2004 32,477 69.09% 14,131 30.06% 399 0.85%
2000 25,774 60.39% 16,060 37.63% 847 1.98%
1996 21,765 54.39% 14,616 36.53% 3,632 9.08%
1992 21,073 47.92% 15,091 34.31% 7,814 17.77%
1988 18,679 63.54% 10,594 36.04% 124 0.42%
1984 24,301 67.99% 11,324 31.68% 116 0.32%
1980 13,214 45.14% 14,703 50.23% 1,354 4.63%
1976 9,058 34.86% 16,547 63.68% 381 1.47%
1972 18,100 76.85% 5,004 21.25% 449 1.91%
1968 3,043 13.66% 1,878 8.43% 17,356 77.91%
1964 7,013 56.64% 0 0.00% 5,368 43.36%
1960 4,357 35.71% 7,822 64.11% 21 0.17%
1956 2,974 27.35% 7,671 70.56% 227 2.09%
1952 2,335 24.89% 7,029 74.94% 16 0.17%
1948 512 11.68% 0 0.00% 3,870 88.32%
1944 664 13.72% 4,124 85.24% 50 1.03%
1940 500 8.51% 5,345 90.93% 33 0.56%
1936 432 7.13% 5,597 92.39% 29 0.48%
1932 656 11.43% 4,986 86.88% 97 1.69%
1928 4,085 54.76% 3,366 45.12% 9 0.12%
1924 519 16.53% 2,247 71.58% 373 11.88%
1920 1,201 22.54% 4,057 76.13% 71 1.33%
1916 364 14.19% 2,120 82.62% 82 3.20%
1912 241 10.16% 1,686 71.11% 444 18.73%
1908 497 22.48% 1,548 70.01% 166 7.51%
1904 416 20.83% 1,437 71.96% 144 7.21%
1900 1,500 45.03% 1,747 52.45% 84 2.52%
1896 1,462 38.10% 2,128 55.46% 247 6.44%
1892 3 0.07% 2,160 50.07% 2,151 49.86%
1888 507 22.77% 1,707 76.65% 13 0.58%



Transportation[]

Major highways[]

  • I-65 (AL).svg Interstate 65
  • US 31.svg U.S. Route 31
  • Alternate plate.svg
    US 72.svg U.S. Highway 72 Alternate
  • US 231.svg U.S. Highway 231
  • Alabama 20.svg State Route 20
  • Alabama 24.svg State Route 24
  • Alabama 36.svg State Route 36
  • Alabama 67.svg State Route 67
  • Alabama 157.svg State Route 157

Rail[]

  • CSX Transportation
  • Norfolk Southern Railway

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Decatur (county seat; part of Decatur is in Limestone County)
  • Hartselle
  • Huntsville, (has land within Morgan County, but most of its population is in Madison County)

Towns[]

  • Eva
  • Falkville
  • Priceville
  • Somerville
  • Trinity

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Basham
  • Brooksville
  • Burningtree Mountain
  • Danville
  • Hulaco
  • Lacey's Spring
  • Massey
  • Morgan City (partly in Marshall County)
  • Moulton Heights
  • Neel
  • Pence
  • Ryan Crossroads
  • Six Mile
  • Six Way
  • Union Hill
  • Valhermoso Springs
  • Woodland Mills

Former city[]

  • Albany/New Decatur

Former town[]

  • Austinville

Ghost town[]

  • Lacon

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Morgan County, Alabama
  • Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Morgan County, Alabama
  • Water contamination in Lawrence and Morgan Counties, Alabama

References[]

  1. ^ a b c Acts Passed at the First Session of the First General Assembly, of the Alabama Territory: In the Forty Second Year of American Independence (1818). St. Stephens, Alabama, printed by Thomas Eastin. Reprinted T.L. Cole, Washington, D.C., July 1912. Pages 8-12. "An Act to establish the counties of Cotaco, Lawrence and Franklin...Approved-6th February, 1818." Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  2. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Morgan County, Alabama; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/morgancountyalabama/POP010220. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ Acts Passed at the Called Session of the General Assembly of the State of Alabama Begun and Held in the Town of Cahawba, on the First Monday in June, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty One (1821). Cahawba, Alabama: Printed by Allen & Brickell, State Printers. Reprint by Statute Law Book Co., Washington, D.C. Nov. 1913. Page 40. "An Act to change the name of Ococoposa, and for other purposes...Approved, June 14, 1821." Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_01.txt. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/al190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". https://data.census.gov/cedsci/table?g=0500000US01103&tid=DECENNIALPL2020.P2. 
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 34°27′06″N 86°51′26″W / 34.45167, -86.85722


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Morgan County, Alabama. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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