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Mstislav III Romanovich of Kiev, Prince of Pskov, Prince of Smolensk, Prince of Belgorod-Kievsky , Grand Prince of Kiev, was born 1160 in Smolensk, Smolensk Rayon, Smolensk Oblast, Russia to Roman Rostislavich of Kiev (c1132-1180) and Mariya Svyatovlavna of Novgorod-Seversky (1140-1175) and died 2 June 1223 Battle of the Kalka River (1223) of execution by suffocation.

Mstislav Romanovich, the Elder (baptized Boris, c1160-June 2, 1223)[1] - Prince of Pskov (from 1179), Prince of Belgorod-Kievsky (1206), Prince of Smolensk (1197-1212), Grand Prince of Kiev (1212-1223). Son of Roman Rostislavich and Mariya Svyatovlavna of Novgorod-Seversky ; came from the Smolensk branch of the Monomakhs .

Biography

Mstislav Romanovich came into the political arena in 1177, when he and his uncle Ryurik Rostislavich and elder brother Yaropolk were defeated by the Polovtsians in the Battle of Rostovets.

In 1178, his father sent him to help the Prince of Vitebsk Vseslav Vasilkovich against Mstislav Rostislavich of Novgorod. Roman Roswtislavich, being the eldest of the Princes of Smolensk, thus blocked Mstislav's initiative to unleash a war.

In 1184, Mstislav participated in the campaign against the Polovtsians, which ended in a victory in the Battle of the Khorol River (1184).

In 1195, when the Olgovichi organized a march against Vitebsk and along the way began to ruin the territory of the Principality of Smolensk, Mstislav was sent by his uncle Davyd Rostislavich at the head of the army of Smolensk against the Chernigovites. The initial encounter was a success, but in the rear of Mstislav's regiment the citizens of Polotsk beat all the Chernigovites, and the battle was lost, Mstislav was taken prisoner.

After Davyd Rostislavich's death, Mstislav Romanovich's uncle, in 1197, the latter was recognized as a Prince of Smolensk and annexed the Principality of Mstislavl to Smolensk, retaining it as an inheritance . In 1212 [2][3][4] his cousin Mstislav Mstislavich , who reigned in Novgorod, in alliance with Smolensk enthroned Ingvar Yaroslavich as Grand Prince of Kiev, after whose death Mstislav Romanovich became Grand Prince of Kiev. Both Mstislav organized a council of Russian princes in Kiev before the first campaign against the Mongol-Tatars. He did not participate in the main part of the Battle of the Kalka River, staying on the right bank of the river in a fortified camp. After holding for three days, he surrendered the two Princes of Turov and Pinsk and 10 thousand soldiers in return for a promise of safe conduct for himself and his men. Once they surrendered, however, the Mongols slaughtered them and executed Mstislav. Prince Vladimir Ryurikovich, who escaped in the battle, became the Grand Prince of Kiev

Children

Notes

  1. ^ Домбровский Д. Генеалогия Мстиславичей. Первые поколения (до начала XIV в.) / Пер. с польского и вступ. слово к рус. изд. К. Ю. Ерусалимского и О. А. Остапчук. — СПб.: ДМИТРИЙ БУЛАНИН, 2015. — 880 с. — С. 472—476.
  2. ^ Бережков Н. Г. «Хронология русского летописания». М. 1963.
  3. ^ Горский А. А. Русские земли в XIII—XIV веках. Пути исторического развития. Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  4. ^ Грушевский М. С. История Украины-Руси. Том III. Раздел I. Стр. 2.

Ancestors

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Владимир Всеволодович Мономах
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Мстислав Владимирович Великий
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Гита Уэссекская
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ростислав Мстиславич Смоленский
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Инге I Старший
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Кристина Ингесдоттер, принцесса шведская
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Хелена Сигторнсдоттер
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Роман Ростиславич Смоленский
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Мстислав Романович Старый
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Святослав Ярославич
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Олег Святославич
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Килликия
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Святослав Ольгович (князь черниговский)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Осолук
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
дочь половецкого хана
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
{{{27}}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Мария Святославна, княжна новгород-северская
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
{{{28}}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Пётр, новгородский посадник
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
{{{29}}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Мария Петровна
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
{{{30}}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
{{{31}}}
 
 
 
 
 
 

Notes



Children


Offspring of Mstislav III Romanovich of Kiev and unknown parent
Name Birth Death Joined with
Svyatoslav Mstislavich of Novgorod (c1180-c1238) 1180 1238
Vsevolod Mstislavich of Smolensk (c1185-1249) 1185 1248
Mariya Mstislavna of Smolensk (c1187-1220) 1180 24 January 1221 Konstantin Vsevolodovich of Rostov (1186-1218)
NN Mstislavna of Smolensk (c1190-c1240)




Siblings


Offspring of Roman Rostislavich of Kiev (c1132-1180) and Mariya Svyatovlavna of Novgorod-Seversky (1140-1175)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Yaropolk Romanovich of Smolensk (c1156-c1182) 1156 1182
Mstislav III Romanovich of Kiev (c1160-1223) 1160 Smolensk, Smolensk Rayon, Smolensk Oblast, Russia 2 June 1223
Unnamed Daughter




Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

Afil

Preceded by
Vsevolod IV
Grand Prince of Kiev
1212–1223
Succeeded by
Vladimir III
Mstislav III Romanovich of Kiev (c1160-1223)
Born:  ???? Died: 1223
Pretenders to the title
Preceded by
Roman the Great
Grand Prince of Kiev
1205–1212
Succeeded by
Konstantin of Rostov
Preceded by
Mstislav Vladimirovich
2nd in line to Grand Prince of Kiev
1202–1205
Succeeded by
Konstantin of Rostov
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