|Muskegon County, Michigan|
Muskegon County Courthouse
Location in the state of Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Muskegon River|
|Largest city||Norton Shores (area), Muskegon (population)|
1,460 sq mi (3,781 km²)
499 sq mi (1,292 km²)
961 sq mi (2,489 km²), 66%
345/sq mi (133/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Muskegon County comprises the Muskegon, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger Grand Rapids-Kentwood-Muskegon, MI Combined Statistical Area. The White River flows through the county to its mouth at Lake Michigan.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Historical markers
- 7 Communities
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Around 1812, Jean Baptiste Recollect and Pierre Constant set up trading posts in the area. By the Treaty of Washington (1836), Native Americans ceded parts of Michigan, including future Muskegon County, to the United States. This opened up the area to greater settlement by European Americans, who developed farms.
Prior to 1859, the majority of Muskegon County was part of Ottawa County (the Southern three quarters). Grand Haven served as the County Seat of this combined County, and still serves as the Ottawa County seat today.
Muskegon County was organized in 1859. Its name is from the Muskegon River, which runs through it and empties into Muskegon Lake and subsequently flows into Lake Michigan. The word "Muskegon" comes from the Ojibwa/Chippewa word mashkig, meaning "marsh" or "swamp". See List of Michigan county name etymologies.
Bodies of water
- White Lake
- White River
- Muskegon Lake
- Muskegon River
- Mona Lake
- Little Black Lake
- Little Blue Lake
- Wolf Lake
- Fox Lake
- Big Blue Lake
- Bear Lake
- Duck Lake
- Twin Lake
National protected area
- Manistee National Forest (part)
- US 31
BUS US 31 (Muskegon)
BUS US 31 (Whitehall-Montague)
- Oceana County, Michigan - north
- Newaygo County, Michigan - northeast
- Kent County, Michigan - east
- Ottawa County, Michigan - east
- Ottawa County, Michigan - south
- Milwaukee County, Wisconsin - southwest
- Ozaukee County, Wisconsin - west
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 172,188 people living in the county. 77.4% were non-Hispanic White, 14.6% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.9% Native American, and 2.5% of two or more races. 4.8% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
As of the census of 2000, there were 170,200 people, 63,330 households, and 44,267 families living in the county. The population density was 334 people per square mile (129/km2). There were 68,556 housing units at an average density of 135 per square mile (52/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 81.25% White, 14.20% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. 3.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.2% were of German, 9.8% Dutch, 7.3% American, 7.2% English, 6.8% Irish and 5.5% Polish ancestry, 95.9% spoke English and 2.6% Spanish as their first language.
There were 63,330 households, of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 13.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.50% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.
The county's median household income was $38,008, and the median family income was $45,710. Males had a median income of $35,952 versus $25,430 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,967. About 8.80% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.
Prior to 1932, Muskegon County was a Republican Party stronghold in presidential elections, aside from 1912 where the split Republican vote primarily backed former president & third-party candidate Theodore Roosevelt. The county became a Republican-leaning swing county from 1932 to 1988, backing the national winner from 1920 to 1996 except for 1960 & 1976. Starting with the 1992 election, the county has consistently backed Democratic Party presidential candidates, usually by wide margins. In recent years, Muskegon County has become increasingly competitive, with Donald Trump very narrowly losing the county in both 2016 and 2020.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
- Prosecuting Attorney: D.J. Hilson 
- Sheriff: Michael J. Poulin 
- County Clerk: Nancy A. Waters 
- County Treasurer: Tony Moulatsiotis 
- Register of Deeds: Mark F. Fairchild 
- Drain Commissioner: Brenda M Moore 
- County Surveyor: Stephen Vallier
(information as of May 2017)
Public School Districts in Muskegon County:
- Fruitport Community Schools
- Holton Public Schools
- Mona Shores Public Schools
- Montague Area Public Schools
- Muskegon Public Schools
- Muskegon Heights Public Schools
- North Muskegon Public Schools
- Orchard View Schools
- Oakridge Public Schools
- Ravenna Public Schools
- Reeths-Puffer School District
- White Lake Area Community Ed.
- Whitehall District Schools
Private School Districts in Muskegon County:
- Broadway Baptist School
- Fruitport Calvary Christian
- Muskegon Catholic Central
- West Michigan Christian
Colleges and Universities:
- Baker College
- Muskegon Community College
- Ross Medical Education Center - Muskegon
There are twenty-three recognized historical markers in the county: They are:
- Bluffton Actors' Colony / Buster Keaton
- Central United Methodist Church [Muskegon]
- Evergreen Cemetery
- Fruitland District No.6 School
- Hackley House
- Hackley Public Library
- Hackley-Holt House
- Hume House
- Jean Baptiste Recollect Trading Post
- Lebanon Lutheran Church
- Lumbering on White Lake / Staples & Covell Mill
- Marsh Field
- Mouth Cemetery
- Muskegon Business College
- Muskegon Log Booming Company
- Muskegon Woman's Club
- Old Indian Cemetery
- Ruth Thompson
- Torrent House
- Union Depot (Muskegon)
- White Lake Yacht Club
- Muskegon Heights
- Muskegon (county seat)
- North Muskegon
- Norton Shores
- Roosevelt Park
- Lakewood Club
- Twin Lake
- Wolf Lake
- Brunswick (partially)
- Blue Lake Township
- Casnovia Township
- Cedar Creek Township
- Dalton Township
- Egelston Township
- Fruitland Township
- Fruitport Charter Township
- Holton Township
- Laketon Township
- Montague Township
- Moorland Township
- Muskegon Charter Township
- Ravenna Township
- Sullivan Township
- White River Township
- Whitehall Township
- List of Michigan State Historic Sites in Muskegon County, Michigan
- Muskegon Area Transit System
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Muskegon County, Michigan
- ^ a b "Bibliography on Muskegon County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. http://clarke.cmich.edu/resource_tab/bibliographies_of_clarke_library_material/michigan_local_history/county_material/muskegon.html.
- ^ "QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/muskegoncountymichigan/POP010220.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx.
- ^ Hoogterp, Edward (2006). West Michigan Almanac, p. 105. The University of Michigan Press.
- ^ "History of Muskegon | Muskegon County, MI". https://www.co.muskegon.mi.us/770/History-of-Muskegon#:~:text=Settlers,Muskegon%20County%20dates%20from%201859..
- ^ Michigan History, Arts and Libraries on sources of County names.
- ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_26.txt.
- ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html.
- ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu.
- ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/mi190090.txt.
- ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf.
- ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/26/26121.html.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov.
- ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS.
- ^ "Muskegon Correctional Facility (MCF). Michigan Department of Corrections. Retrieved on June 3, 2011.
- ^ "Michigan Historical Markers". michmarkers.com. http://www.michmarkers.com/Frameset.htm.
- "Bibliography on Muskegon County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. http://clarke.cmich.edu/resource_tab/bibliographies_of_clarke_library_material/michigan_local_history/county_material/muskegon.html.
- Michigan Historical Markers.
- Muskegon County web site
- Muskegon Area First - County-wide Economic Development agency
- Bluffton Church - Muskegon Independent Church
|Oceana County||Newaygo County|
|Ozaukee County, Wisconsin||Kent County & Ottawa County|
Muskegon County, Michigan
|Milwaukee County, Wisconsin||Ottawa County|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Muskegon County, Michigan. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|