|Navajo County, Arizona|
Historic Navajo County Courthouse and Museum in Holbrook
Location in the state of Arizona
Arizona's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 21, 1895|
|Named for||Navajo Nation|
|Largest city||Show Low|
9,960 sq mi (25,796 km²)
9,950 sq mi (25,770 km²)
9.3 sq mi (24 km²), 0.09
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7|
Navajo County contains parts of the Hopi Indian reservation, the Navajo Nation, and Fort Apache Indian Reservation.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Communities and other places
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Navajo County was split from Apache County on March 21, 1895. The first county sheriff was Commodore Perry Owens, a legendary gunman who had previously served as the sheriff of Apache County. It was the location for many of the events of the Pleasant Valley War.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,960 square miles (25,800 km2), of which 9,950 square miles (25,800 km2) is land and 9.3 square miles (24 km2) (0.09%) is water.
Navajo County offers not only the Monument Valley, but Keams Canyon, part of the Petrified Forest National Park, and one of the largest contiguous ponderosa pine forest in North America.
- Apache County – east
- Graham County – south
- Gila County – southwest
- Coconino County – west
- San Juan County, Utah – north
Navajo County has 6,632.73 square miles (17,178.7 km2) of federally designated Indian reservation within its borders, the third most of any county in the United States (neighboring Apache County and Coconino County are first and second). In descending order of territory within the county, the reservations are the Navajo Nation, Hopi Indian Reservation, and Fort Apache Indian Reservation, all of which are partly located within Navajo County.
National protected areas
- Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (part)
- Navajo National Monument
- Petrified Forest National Park (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 census, there were 97,470 people, 30,043 households, and 23,073 families living in the county. The population density was 10 inhabitants per square mile (3.9 /km2). There were 47,413 housing units at an average density of 5/sq mi (1.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 47.7% Native American, 45.9% White, 0.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from other races, and 55.9% from two or more races. 8.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.8% reported speaking Navajo at home, 5.9% other Southern Athabaskan languages, 4.7% Spanish, and 3.2% Hopi.
There were 30,043 households, out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.68.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 35.4% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,569, and the median income for a family was $32,409. Males had a median income of $30,509 versus $21,621 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,609. About 23.4% of families and 29.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.6% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 census, there were 107,449 people, 35,658 households, and 25,923 families living in the county. The population density was 10.8 inhabitants per square mile (4.2 /km2). There were 56,938 housing units at an average density of 5.7 per square mile (2.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 49.3% white, 43.4% American Indian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.4% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 13.7% were German, 12.5% were English, 9.3% were Irish, and 2.3% were American.
Of the 35,658 households, 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families, and 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.50. The median age was 34.7 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,774 and the median income for a family was $45,906. Males had a median income of $41,516 versus $28,969 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,745. About 19.1% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.6% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.
2020 census of religion
Navajo County is among the most religiously diverse places in the United States. A 2020 census by the Public Religion Research Institute (unconnected to the official US census) calculates a religious diversity score of 0.876 for Navajo County, where 1 represents complete diversity (each religious group of equal size) and 0 a total lack of diversity. Only three other counties in the US have higher scores, all much more urban than Navajo County.
Navajo County leans towards the Republican Party. Although its Native American population makes up nearly half of the county, a demographic that politically favors those of the Democratic Party, the county has a strong Latter-Day Saint presence (particularly in population centers such as Snowflake) that normally allows Republican candidates to carry the county by small margins. However, in the 2018 gubernatorial election, the county voted Republican over Democrat by a large margin (56–42%).
School districts that serve the county include:
- Blue Ridge Unified School District
- Cedar Unified School District
- Heber-Overgaard Unified School District
- Holbrook Unified School District
- Joseph City Unified School District
- Kayenta Unified School District
- Piñon Unified School District
- Show Low Unified School District
- Snowflake Unified School District
- Whiteriver Unified School District
- Winslow Unified School District
There is a tribal elementary school called Little Singer Community School, affiliated with the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE). Hataalii Yazhi, a medicine man, in the 1970s proposed establishing the school so area children did not have to travel far for their education. The school was named after him. The original buildings used two geodesic domes as features. In 2014 the school had 81 students. By 2014 the original campus was described by the Associated Press as being in poor repair. In 2004 the school first asked the BIE to get funding for a new building. The current campus had a cost of $28 million and an area of 32,000 square feet (3,000 m2). It uses intersecting circles as an architectural feature. The current building was dedicated in November 2020. It is physically in an unincorporated area 6 miles (9.7 km) southeast of Birdsprings, and has a postal address of Winslow.
The following public-use airports are located within the county:
- Cibecue Airport (Z95) – Cibecue
- Holbrook Municipal Airport (P14) – Holbrook
- Kayenta Airport (0V7) – Kayenta
- Polacca Airport (P10) – Polacca
- Show Low Regional Airport (SOW) – Show Low
- Taylor Airport (TYL) – Taylor
- Whiteriver Airport (E24) – Whiteriver
- Winslow-Lindbergh Regional Airport (INW) – Winslow
Communities and other places
- Holbrook (county seat)
- Show Low
- Clay Springs
- East Fork
- First Mesa
- Fort Apache
- Hard Rocks
- Indian Wells
- Joseph City
- Keams Canyon
- Kykotsmovi Village
- Lake of the Woods
- Low Mountain
- McNary (mostly in Apache County)
- North Fork
- Oljato-Monument Valley
- Pinetop Country Club
- Rainbow City
- Seba Dalkai
- Second Mesa
- Seven Mile
- Sun Valley
- Tees Toh
- Turkey Creek
- Wagon Wheel
- White Mountain Lake
- Winslow West (partially in Coconino County)
Native American communities
- Fort Apache Indian Reservation
- Hopi Reservation
- Navajo Nation
- Alchesay Flat, a named flat approximately 7 mi (11 km) north of Whiteriver along Arizona State Route 73.
County population ranking
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Population (2010 Census)||Municipal type||Incorporated|
|3||Snowflake||5,590||Town||1953 (founded 1878)|
|9||Lake of the Woods||4,094||CDP|
|12||White Mountain Lake||2,205||CDP|
|13||Pinetop Country Club||1,794||CDP|
|33||McNary (mostly in Apache County)||528||CDP|
|37||Winslow West (partially in Coconino County)||438||CDP|
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Navajo County, Arizona
- ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/04/04017.html.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx.
- ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 23, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_04.txt.
- ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html.
- ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu.
- ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/az190090.txt.
- ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf.
- ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. July 17, 2007. http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=4&county_id=17&mode=geographic&order=r.
- ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US04017.
- ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US04017.
- ^ "DP02 Selected Social Characteristics in the United States 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US04017.
- ^ "DP03 Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US04017.
- ^ Public Religion Research Institute. The 2020 Census of American Religion (Report). p. 21. https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/20985213-prri-census-of-american-religion. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
- ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/.
- ^ "Little Singer Community School". Bureau of Indian Education. https://www.bie.edu/schools/directory/little-singer-community-school. Retrieved 2021-07-12. "6 Miles S. Birdsprings Chapter N71, Winslow, AZ, 86047"
- ^ a b c Yurth, Cindy (2020-11-05). "Little Singer School gets bold new building". https://navajotimes.com/edu/little-singer-school-gets-bold-new-building/. Retrieved 2021-07-12.
- ^ a b "Native American schools face decay, poverty". Associated Press. 2014-10-19. https://richmond.com/native-american-schools-face-decay-poverty/article_fd927445-e33c-50bf-953a-c0a3623c53c0.html. Retrieved 2021-07-12.
- ^ "Navajo Nation dedicates Little Singer Community School with Birdsprings community and Washington delegation". Navajo Nation. 2020-11-02. https://www.navajo-nsn.gov/News%20Releases/NNCouncil/2020/Nov/Navajo_Nation_dedicates_Little_Singer_Community_School_with_Birdsprings_community_and_Washington_delegation_PR_01.pdf. Retrieved 2021-07-12.
- ^ "Home". Little Singer Community Grant & Charter Jr. High School. 2011-08-28. http://littlesinger.org/. Retrieved 2021-07-12. "Little Singer Community School, 6 miles SE of Birdsprings Rte 71, Winslow, AZ 86047" - "Little Singer Community School". National Center for Educational Statistics. https://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_detail.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=5900159&ID=590015900182. Retrieved 2021-07-12. "Physical Address: 6 miles south of Birdspring [sic] Chapter Winslow, AZ 86047"
- ^ Navajo County Public and Private Airports, Arizona:
- ^ "By Decade". https://www.census.gov/2010census/.
- ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/
|San Juan County, Utah|
|Coconino County||Apache County|
Navajo County, Arizona
|Gila County||Graham County|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Navajo County, Arizona. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|