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Neamţ County
Județul Neamţ
—  County   —

Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Neamţ county highlighted
Coordinates: 46°58′N 26°24′E / 46.97, 26.4Coordinates: 46°58′N 26°24′E / 46.97, 26.4
Country Romania
Development region Nord-Est
Historical region Moldavia
Capital Piatra Neamț
 • Total 5,896 km2 (2,276 sq mi)
Area rank 18th
Population (2006)
 • Total 570,367
 • Rank 15th
 • Density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 233 or (+40) 333[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-NT
Website County Council

Neamţ (Romanian pronunciation: [ne̯amt͡s]) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in the historic region of Moldavia, with the county seat at Piatra Neamț. It has three communes, Bicaz-Chei, Bicazu Ardelean and Dămuc in Transylvania.


In 2002, it had a population of 557,000 and a population density of 99/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 357,348
1956 419,949
1966 470,206
1977 532,096
1992 578,420
2002 554,516


Bistriţa Valley

This county has an area of 5,896 km².

The relief decreases from west to east. In the western part, there are mountains, the Eastern Carpathians, with heights over 1800 m and the impressive peak of Mount Ceahlău. Along the Bicaz River lies the stunning canyon of Cheile Bicazului. Construction of the Bicaz Dam in the 1950s on the Bistriţa River led to the formation of the Lake Bicaz (Lake Izvorul Muntelui), Romania's largest artificial lake.[4]

On the western side, the lowest point, at about 160 m, is found along Siret River's valley.



Piatra Neamţ

County's main industries:

  • Chemical industry;
  • Mechanical parts;
  • Textiles;
  • Food stuffs;
  • Construction materials.

One of the greatest dams in Romania, the Bicaz Dam is built along the Bistriţa River, forming the Bicaz Lake; the water of the lake is used for electricity production at Stejaru Powerplant.


The church of Văratec Monastery

Ceahlău Massif

Neamţ county is known as the region with the most monasteries to be found per square kilometer in the world. The monumental church of Neamţ Monastery has been a model for Moldavian churches and monasteries. The Moldavian art style, of great originality and stylistic unity, was developed by blending Gothic elements with Byzantine motifs. There are lots of cultural and historical landmarks in Neamţ County. County's main tourist attractions:

    • Agapia Monastery
    • Bistrița Monastery
    • Durău Monastery
    • Horaița Monastery
    • Neamț Monastery
    • Pângăraţț Monastery
    • Petru Vodă Monastery
    • Războieni Monastery
    • Secu Monastery
    • Sihăstria Monastery
    • Sihla Monastery
    • Văratec Monastery
  • Vânători-Neamț Natural Park
  • Neamț Citadel in Târgu Neamț
  • Ceahlău National Park
  • Bicaz Canyon - "Cheile Bicazului"
  • Durău Ski Resort
  • Hanu Ancuței

Administrative divisions[]


Neamţ County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 78 communes

Famous natives[]

  • Gheorghe Cartianu, professor, engineer
  • Sergiu Celibidache, conductor
  • Vasile Conta, philosopher
  • Ion Creangă, writer
  • Virgil Gheorghiu, writer
  • Constantin Matasă, archaeologist
  • Nicodim Munteanu, patriach
  • Vasile Trăistariu, painter


  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, Geography, meteorology and environment, 2006

External links[]

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