This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.

Neshoba County, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Neshoba County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the U.S. highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1833
Seat Philadelphia
Largest city Philadelphia
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

572 sq mi (1,481 km²)
570 sq mi (1,476 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.29%
 - (2000)
 - Density

49/sq mi (19/km²)

Neshoba County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2000 census, the population is 28,684. Its county seat is Philadelphia6.

Neshoba is the Choctaw word meaning Gray Wolf.

Neshoba County is known as the site of one of the most famous race-related crimes in American history. In 1964, three civil rights workers were murdered by white supremacists in Philadelphia (the county seat). The crime and decades-long legal aftermath inspired the 1988 movie Mississippi Burning. President Ronald Reagan controversially launched his 1980 presidential campaign from the Neshoba County Fair, delivering a States Rights-themed speech (his first after receiving the Republican nomination) alleged to be a carefully calibrated application of Nixon's "Southern Strategy", an appeal to racist white voters.Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag

The county is known for its county fair The Neshoba County Fair and harness horse races. It is also home of the Williams Brothers Store, which has been in operation since the early 1900s.

The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians (MBCI) own one of the largest casino complexes in the state. The Silver Star and Golden Moon casinos are the first land based casinos in Mississippi. These casinos are part of the MBCI's Pearl River Resort.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,481 km² (572 sq mi). 1,476 km² (570 sq mi) of it is land and 4 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.29%) is water.

Major Highways[]

Adjacent Counties[]


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 2,437
1850 4,728 94.0%
1860 8,343 76.5%
1870 7,439 −10.8%
1880 8,741 17.5%
1890 11,146 27.5%
1900 12,726 14.2%
1910 17,980 41.3%
1920 19,303 7.4%
1930 26,691 38.3%
1940 27,882 4.5%
1950 25,730 −7.7%
1960 20,927 −18.7%
1970 20,802 −0.6%
1980 23,789 14.4%
1990 24,800 4.2%
2000 28,684 15.7%
Est. 2006 30,125 5.0%

As of the census² of 2000, there were 28,684 people, 10,694 households, and 7,742 families residing in the county. The population density was 19/km² (50/sq mi). There were 11,980 housing units at an average density of 8/km² (21/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 65.50% White, 19.33% Black or African American, 13.80% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.6% were of American, 8.8% Irish and 6.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 88.7% spoke English and 10.2% Choctaw as their first language.

There were 10,694 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,300, and the median income for a family was $33,439. Males had a median income of $28,112 versus $19,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,964. About 17.90% of families and 21.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.20% of those under age 18 and 22.00% of those age 65 or over.


  • Towns
    • Union (mostly in Newton County)

External links[]

Coordinates: 32°45′N 89°07′W / 32.75, -89.12

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Neshoba County, Mississippi. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.