November 21 in recent years
is the 325th day of the year (326th in November 21 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 40 days remaining until the end of the year.
Events [ ]
164 BC - Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Events commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
1272 - Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.
1620 - Plymouth Colony settlers sign the Mayflower Compact ( November 11, O.S.).
1775 - First performance of Richard Brinsley Sheridan's at The Duenna Covent Garden Theatre, London.
1783 - In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight.
1789 - North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state.
1791 - Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
1861 - American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin secretary of war.
1877 - Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.
1894 - Port Arthur massacre: Port Arthur, Manchuria falls to the Japanese, a decisive victory of the First Sino-Japanese War.
1905 - Albert Einstein's paper, "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", is published in the journal "Annalen der Physik". This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc².
1916 - HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people.
1920 - Bloody Sunday during the Anglo-Irish War.
1922 - Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first female United States Senator.
1927 - Columbine Mine Massacre: Striking coal miners were allegedly attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes.
1941 - The radio program King Biscuit Time is broadcast for the first time (it would later become the longest running daily radio broadcast in history and the most famous live blues radio program).
1942 - The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (however, the highway was not usable by general vehicles until 1943).
1953 - Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce that the " Piltdown Man" skull, held to be one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, was a hoax.
1956 - Don Newcombe of the then Brooklyn Dodgers wins the Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award of the National League.
1962 - The Chinese People's Liberation Army declares a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War.
1964 - The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge opens to traffic (at the time it was the world's longest suspension bridge). 1964 -
Second Vatican Council: The third session of the Roman Catholic Church's ecumenical council closes.
1967 - Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: "I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing."
1969 - U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Sato agree in Washington on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. is to retain its rights to bases on the island, but these are to be nuclear-free.
1970 - Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast - A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American prisoners of war thought to be held there.
1971 - Indian troops partly aided by Mukti Bahini ( Bengali guerrillas) defeat the Pakistan army in the Battle of Garibpur.
1974 - The Birmingham Pub Bombings by the IRA kill 21 people. The Birmingham Six were sentenced to life in prison for this but subsequently acquitted.
1977 - Minister of Internal Affairs Hon Allan Highet announces that 'the national anthems of New Zealand shall be the traditional anthem " God Save the Queen" and the poem " God Defend New Zealand", written by Thomas Bracken, as set to music by John Joseph Woods, both being of equal status as national anthems appropriate to the occasion.
1979 - The United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan is attacked by a mob and set alight, killing four. (see: Foreign relations of Pakistan)
1980 - A deadly fire breaks out at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas (now Bally's Las Vegas). 87 people are killed and more than 650 are injured in the worst disaster in Nevada history. 1980 -
Lake Peigneur drained into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe was drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding the edges of the hole. The resulting whirlpool sucked the drilling platform, several barges, houses and trees thousands of feet, to the bottom of the dissolving salt deposit.
1985 - United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for spying (he was caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations and was eventually sentenced to life in prison).
1986 - Iran-Contra Affair: National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents implicating them in the sale of weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
1988 - Canadian federal election - Canadians re-elect the Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney after an election campaign fought mainly over the issue of the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement.
1990 - Charter of Paris for a New Europe refocusses the efforts of the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europeon post- Cold War issues.
1991 - " The Apple of God's Eye", an undercover investigative journalism piece exposing the fund raising practices of American televangelist Robert Tilton, airs on ABC's news magazine show for the first time. Primetime Live
1995 - The Dayton Peace Agreement is initialled at the Wright Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, ending three and a half years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The agreement was formally ratified in Paris, on December 14 that same year. 1995 - The
Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 5,000 (5,023.55) for the first time.
1996 - A propane explosion at the Humberto Vidal shoe store and office building in San Juan killed 33.
2002 - NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
2004 - The second round of the Ukrainian presidential election is held, unleashing massive protests and controversy over the election's integrity. 2004 - The island of
Dominica is hit by the most destructive earthquake in its history. The northern half of the island receives the most damage, especially the town of Portsmouth. It is also felt in neighboring Guadeloupe, where one person is killed as a result. 2004 - The Paris Club agrees to write off 80% (up to $100 billion) of Iraq's external debt.
Births [ ]
1495 - John Bale, English churchman (d. 1563)
1567 - Anne de Xainctonge, French saint (d. 1621)
1692 - Carlo Innocenzio Maria Frugoni, Italian poet (d. 1768)
1694 - Voltaire, French philosopher (d. 1778)
1761 - Dorothy Jordan, British actress (d. 1816)
1768 - Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher, German theologian (d. 1834)
1787 - Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born shipping magnate (d. 1865)
1811 - Zeng Guofan, Chinese military (d. 1872)
1835 - Hetty Green, American businesswoman (d. 1916)
1840 - Victoria of Great Britain and German Empress (d. 1901)
1852 - Francisco Tárrega, father of modern classical guitar (d. 1909)
1854 - Pope Benedict XV (d. 1922)
1860 - Tom Horn, American gunman (d. 1903)
1870 - Joe Darling, Australian cricketer (d. 1946) 1870 -
Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (d. 1964)
1878 - Gustav Radbruch, German law professor (d. 1949)
1886 - Harold Nicolson, British diplomat (d. 1968)
1897 - Mollie Steimer anarchist agitator (d. 1980)
1898 - René Magritte, Belgian painter (d. 1967)
1899 - Jobyna Ralston, American actress (d. 1967)
1902 - Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (d. 1985)
1904 - Coleman Hawkins, American musician (d. 1969)
1908 - Elizabeth George Speare, American author (d. 1994)
1912 - Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (d. 1983)
1913 - Roy Boulting, British film director (d. 2001)
1916 - Sid Luckman, American football player (d. 1998)
1919 - Steve Brodie, American actor (d. 1992)
1920 - Ralph Meeker, American actor (d. 1988) 1920 -
Stan Musial, American baseball player
1921 - Joonas Kokkonen, Finnish composer (d. 1996)
1922 - Maria Casares, Spanish-born actress (d. 1996) 1922 -
Abe Lemons, American basketball coach
1924 - Christopher Tolkien, British author
1929 - Laurier LaPierre, Canadian journalist, broadcaster and senator 1929 -
Marilyn French, American feminist writer
1931 - Revaz Dogonadze, Georgian scientist (d. 1985) 1931 -
Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (d. 2003)
1933 - Joseph Campanella, American actor
1935 - Fairuz, Lebanese singer
1936 - Victor Chang, Australian physician (d. 1986)
1937 - Marlo Thomas, American actress
1939 - Budd Dwyer, American politician (d. 1987) 1939 -
Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician
1940 - Dr. John, American musician 1940 -
Richard Marcinko, American author
1941 - İdil Biret, Turkish pianist 1941 -
Juliet Mills, British actress
1942 - Afa Anoa'i, Samoan/American wrestler 1942 -
Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, German politician
1943 - Phil Bredesen, American politician 1943 -
Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy 1943 -
Viktor Sidjak, Russian fencer 1943 -
Jacques Laffite, French former racing driver
1944 - Richard Durbin, American politician 1944 -
Earl Monroe, American basketball player 1944 -
Harold Ramis, American actor/director
1945 - Goldie Hawn, American actress
1946 - Jacky Lafon, Belgian actress
1948 - George Zimmer, American entrepreneur, the founder and CEO of Men's Wearhouse 1948 -
Alphonse Mouzon, American jazzist
1950 - Stephen Geyer, American film & television songwriter 1950 -
Alberto Juantorena, Cuban athlete
1956 - Ed Kaz, American journalist
1962 - Steven Curtis Chapman, American musician 1962 -
Sabine Busch, German athlete
1963 - Nicollette Sheridan, British actress
1964 - Liza Tarbuck, British entertainer
1964 - Shane Douglas, American wrestler
1965 - Björk, Icelandic singer
1965 - Alexander Siddig, British actor
1966 - Troy Aikman, American football star
1967 - Tripp Cromer, American baseball player 1967 -
Toshihiko Koga, Japanese Judoka
1968 - Alex James, English bassist 1968 -
Christopher Noxon, American journalist
1969 - Ken Griffey, American baseball player
1970 - Justin Langer, Australian cricketer
1971 - Michael Strahan, American football player
1972 - David Tua, Samoan boxer
1973 - Brook Kerr, American actress 1973 -
Inés Sastre, Spanish model and actress
1975 - Cherie Johnson, American actress 1975 -
Chris Moneymaker, American poker player
1976 - Dasha, Czech actress 1976 -
Martin Meichelbeck, German footballer 1976 -
Daniel Whiston, British ice skater
1977 - Bruno Berner, Swiss footballer 1977 -
Myles Heskett, Australian musician ( Wolfmother) 1977 -
Jonas Jennings, American Football Player 1977 -
Tobias Sammet, German singer ( Edguy) 1977 -
Yolande James, Quebec politician
1978 - Lucía Jiménez, Spanish actress
1979 - Stromile Swift, professional basketball player 1979 -
Alex Tanguay, Canadian hockey player 1979 -
Kim Dong Wan, Korean singer ( Shinhwa) 1979 -
Vincenzo Iaquinta, Italian footballer
1980 - Hank Blalock, American baseball player 1980 -
Leonardo González, Costa Rican footballer
1981 - Piet Rinke, Zimbabwean cricketer 1981 -
Jonny Magallón, Mexican footballer
1982 - Georgios Kalogiannidis, Greek archer 1982 -
Ryan Starr, American singer
1983 - Jamie Langley, English rugby player
1984 - Álvaro Bautista, Spanish motorcycle racer
1984 - Jena Malone, American Actress 1985 -
Jesús Navas, Spanish footballer 1992 - Nevada-Tan, Japanese internet culture icon, known for slaying classmate.
Deaths [ ]
496 - Pope Gelasius I
1361 - Philip I (plague) (b. 1346)
1555 - Georg Agricola, German scientist (b. 1490)
1566 - Annibale Caro, Italian poet (b. 1507)
1579 - Thomas Gresham, English merchant and financier
1652 - Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (b. 1585)
1695 - Henry Purcell, English composer
1775 - John Hill, British writer
1811 - Heinrich von Kleist, German writer (b. 1777)
1844 - Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (b. 1769)
1881 - Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
1899 - Garret Hobart, Vice President of the United States (b. 1844)
1916 - Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria (b. 1830)
1922 - Ricardo Flores Magón, Mexican anarchist (b. 1874).
1924 - Florence Harding, American First Lady (b. 1860)
1941 - Henrietta Vinton Davis American elocutionist, dramatist, impersonator, public speaker (b. 1860)
1942 - Leopold Graf Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister (b. 1863)
1945 - Robert Benchley, American writer and actor (b. 1889)
1953 - Larry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1893)
1957 - Francis Burton Harrison, American political figure (b. 1873)
1958 - Mel Ott, American baseball player (b. 1909)
1959 - Max Baer, American boxer (b. 1909)
1963 - Robert Stroud (The Birdman of Alcatraz), American prisoner (b. 1890)
1969 - Mutesa II of Buganda, President of Uganda ( 1924)
1970 - Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1887) 1970 -
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
1973 - Thomas Pelly, American politician (b. 1902)
1974 - John B. Gambling, American radio talk show host (b. 1897)
1980 - Sara García, Mexican actress (b. 1895) 1974 -
Frank Martin, Swiss composer (b. 1890)
1981 - Harry Von Zell, American announcer (b. 1906)
1982 - John Hargrave, British Social Credit advocate (b. 1894)
1986 - Jerry Colonna, American comic (b. 1904) 1986 -
Dar Robinson, American film stuntman (b. 1947)
1988 - Carl Hubbell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
1990 - Dean Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1954)
1991 - Sonny Werblin, former owner of the New York Jets (b. 1907)
1993 - Bill Bixby, American actor and director (b. 1934)
1995 - Peter Grant, British rock manager, actor ( Led Zeppelin, Bad Company) (b. 1935) 1995 -
Noel Jones, British diplomat (b. 1940)
1996 - Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist and Nobel laureate (b. 1926)
1999 - Quentin Crisp, British writer, raconteur and actor (b. 1908)
2001 - Salahuddin of Malaysia, King of Malaysia (b. 1926)
2002 - Hadda Brooks, American jazz singer, pianist, and composer (b. 1916)
2005 - Alfred Anderson, last Scottish World War I veteran (b. 1896) 2005 -
Hugh Sidey, American journalist (b. 1927)
2006 - Pierre Amine Gemayel, Lebanese Cabinet minister (assassinated) (b. 1972) 2006 -
Robert Lockwood Jr., American blues guitarist (b. 1915)
2007 - Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director, academic and playwright (b. 1921) 2007 -
Tom Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1928) 2007 - Noel McGregor, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1931)
Holidays and observances [ ]
External links [ ]
84 Familypedia people were born on November 21
113 Familypedia people died on November 21
92 Familypedia people were first married on November 21