Novgorod Oblast
Новгородская область
—  Federal Subject of Russia  —


Coat of arms
Coordinates: 58°26′N 32°23′E / 58.433, 32.383Coordinates: 58°26′N 32°23′E / 58.433, 32.383
Country Russia
Political status Oblast
Federal District Northwestern
Economic Region Northwestern
Official language Veliky Novgorod
Administrative center
Established May 7, 1944
 • Type Legislature
 • Body Oblast Duma
 • Governor Sergei Gerasimovich Mitin
 • Federal Subject of Russia 55,300 km2 (21,400 sq mi)
Area rank 48
Population (2010)
 • Federal Subject of Russia 634,100
 • Rank 69
 • Urban 70.6%
 • Rural 29.4%
ISO 3166 code RU-NGR
Vehicle registration 53

Novgorod Oblast (Russian: Новгоро́дская о́бласть, Novgorodskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located between Moscow and Saint Petersburg. The administrative center is the city of Veliky Novgorod. Some of the oldest Russian cities, including Veliky Novgorod and Staraya Russa, are located there. The historic monuments of Veliky Novgorod are surroundings have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Novgorod Oblast borders Leningrad Oblast (NW,N), Vologda Oblast (E), Tver Oblast (SE,S) and Pskov Oblast (SW).

The western part is a lowland around the Lake Ilmen, while the eastern part is a highland (northern spurs of the Valdai Hills).[1] The highest point is Mount Ryzhokha (296 m).


Novgorod Oblast is noted for its science- and labor-intensive sectors, particularly the chemical and forest industries. The engineering and metalworking, electronics, chemical, forest, woodworking, and pulp and paper industries produce nearly half of the oblast's marketable commodities.

The chemical industry is Novgorod Oblast's leading economic sector, accounting for 31.4% of total industrial output. Products include fertilizers, general rubber goods, synthetic resins, plastics, paints, pharmaceuticals, and household chemicals. Fertilizer companies using both local and imported raw materials produce nitrogen fertilizers (Novgorod Chemical Plant).

The engineering industry accounts for 11%+ of all industrial production. It is characterized by science- and labor-intensive production specializing in the output of sophisticated high-precision machines and equipment, electrical equipment, electronics and radioelectronics, instrument making, and shipbuilding, which developed as a result of the Oblast's maritime location. Production of equipment for the chemical industry has also been established.

The forestry complex, which includes the forest, woodworking, and pulp and paper industries, produces 10.9% of the Oblast's industrial goods. Lumber, plywood, and furniture are some of the products of the woodworking industry. Most of the materials for the wood processing industry are supplied from neighboring Oblasts and republics of Northern district.

The development prospects of the forestry complex are tied to high-end timber processing, greater competitiveness of output products, forest regeneration, and improvements in the Oblast's ecological situation.

Along with specialized sectors, there are others that supplement the economic complex, such as the power industry, which accounts for 16.5% of industrial output. The power industry is represented by low- and medium-power thermal and hydroelectric power plants, including a hydroelectric power plant on the Volkhov River. All the plants are integrated into the Northwestern unified energy system and connected with the unified energy system of European Russia. The metallurgical industry is another supplementary sector. Light industry is represented mainly by the textile, leather shoe, and ceramics industries.

The industrial construction complex has interregional significance. Companies in this sector are located in large and medium-sized cities with access to main highways. They produce reinforced concrete components and structures and other building materials. The glass industry is also well developed in Novgorod Oblast.

Novgorod Oblast's economic complex is a combination of companies of regional significance (forestry, power) and specialized companies (radio engineering and chemical industries). The largest industrial centers are Veliky Novgorod (specialized machine engineering, electrical and radio engineering, chemical industry, nitrogen fertilizer production, food industry, ship repair yard, and sawmill); Staraya Russa (instrument making and chemical engineering); and Borovichi (ceramics and glass production).


Major rivers (sorted by discharge) include:

  • Volkhov River
  • Mologa River
  • Msta River
  • Lovat River
  • Syas River
  • Shelon River


Major lakes include:

  • Lake Ilmen
  • Valdai Lake

Administrative divisions[]

Municipally, the territories of the administrative districts are incorporated into twenty-one municipal districts and the territories of the three cities of oblast significance are incorporated as urban okrugs.

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
Coat of Arms of Borovichi (Novgorod oblast) (1772).png Borovichi 45 54 731 2
Coat of Arms of Staraya Russa (Novgorod oblast) (1781).png Staraya Russa 26 32 235 3
Coat of Arms of Veliky Novgorod.png Veliky Novgorod 91 214 777 1

Outline Map of Novgorod Oblast.svg

Coat of Arms of Batetsky district (2010).png Batetsky
Coat of Arms of Borovichi (Novgorod oblast) (1772).png
Coat of Arms of Valday (Novgorod oblast).png
DemanskMR Gerb.gif
Krestci city coa 1781.gif
Coat of arms of Malaya Vishera.svg
Malaya Vishera
Coat of Arms of Marevsky rayon (Novgorod oblast).png Maryovo
NovMosensk gerb.gif
Coat of Arms of Novgorod District.gif
Coat of arms of Pestovo.svg Pestovo
Coat of Arms Starorussa Raion.gif
Coat of Arms of Khvoyninsky district.png Khvoynaya
Coat of Arms of Chudovsky district.png Chudovo

Rayons (Districts):

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
1 Coat of Arms of Batetsky district (2010).png Batetsky Rayon 1591.8 18 6,293 18 Batetsky 2,117
2 Coat of Arms of Borovichi (Novgorod oblast) (1772).png Borovichi 3137.9 6 73,187 1 Borovichi -
3 Coat of Arms of Valday (Novgorod oblast).png Valday Rayon 2701.6 10 25,903 5 Valday 16,740
4 - Volot Rayon 995.10 21 5,699 19 Volot 2,300
5 DemanskMR Gerb.gif Demyansk Rayon 3198.9 4 13,641 13 Demyansk 5,252
6 Krestci city coa 1781.gif Kresttsy Rayon 2790.6 9 15,194 12 Kresttsy 9,095
7 - Luyubytino Rayon 4486.2 2 10,343 15 Lyubytino 3,031
8 Coat of arms of Malaya Vishera.svg Malaya Vishera 3281.0 3 18,286 8 Malaya Vishera 12,352
9 Coat of Arms of Marevsky rayon (Novgorod oblast).png Maryovo Rayon 1818.7 17 4,765 20 Maryovo 2,473
10 NovMosensk gerb.gif Moshenskoye Rayon 2568.3 11 7,527 16 Moshenskoye 2,595
11 Coat of Arms of Novgorod District.gif Novgorod Rayon 4596.6 1 57,209 2 Novgorod -
12 Okulov.gif Okulovka Rayon 2520.8 12 26,328 4 Okulovka 12,242
13 NovParfinoRgerb.gif Parfino Rayon 1591.1 19 15,318 10 Parfino 7,931
14 Coat of arms of Pestovo.svg Pestovo Rayon 2110.4 15 22,127 7 Pestovo 15,652
15 - Poddorye Rayon 2954.0 8 4,709 21 Poddorye 1,840
16 NovSolsyGerb.gif Soltsy Rayon 1422.1 20 16,318 9 Soltsy 10,317
17 Coat of Arms Starorussa Raion.gif Staraya Russa 3111.4 7 48,524 3 Staraya Russa -
18 Coat of Arms of Khvoyninsky district.png Khvoynaya Rayon 3186.1 5 15,269 11 Khvoynaya 6,144
19 Coat of Arms of Kholm (Novgorod oblast) (1781).png Kholm Rayon 2178.7 14 6,599 17 Kholm 3,829
20 Coat of Arms of Chudovsky district.png Chudovo Rayon 2331.8 13 24,053 6 Chudovo 16,148
21 NovShimskiyRgerb.gif Shimsk Rayon 1836.8 16 11,741 14 Shimsk 3,452


Population: 694,355 (2002 Census), down from about 753,000 in 1989. Novgorod Oblast has the lowest population for any oblast in the European part of Russia. One of the reasons for the relatively low population density is that the area suffered heavily during World War II. The population is 70% urban. There are ten cities and towns.

Ethnic groups: Novgorod Oblast is relatively homogenous, with only five recognised ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each at the time of the census. The following nationalities were most numerous: 652,152 Russians (93.92%); 10,449 Ukrainians (1.50%); 5,294 Belarusians (0.76%); 3,388 Roma (0.49%); 2,077 Tatars (0.30%); 1,940 Armenians (0.289%); 1,574 Azeris (0.23%); 1,074 Chechens (0.15%); and 1,010 Germans (0.15%); as well as many other smaller groups. In addition, a further 5,575 persons (0.80%) declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire.[2]

  • Births (2008): 6,912 (10.6 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2008): 13,574 (20.9 per 1000) [3]


External links[]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Template:Novgorod Oblast