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Oceana County, Michigan
Oceana County Courthouse.jpg
Oceana County Courthouse
Seal of Oceana County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Oceana County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the U.S. highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1840 (created)
1855 (organized)[1]
Seat Hart
Largest city Pentwater (village)
Hart (city)
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,306 sq mi (3,383 km²)
512 sq mi (1,326 km²)
794 sq mi (2,056 km²), 61%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

26,659
52/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Oceana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 26,659.[2] The county seat is Hart.[3] Long known as part of the large Ojibwe territory, the county was founded by European Americans in 1840 and organized in 1855.[1]

Settlers were attracted by access along the White River, which reaches its mouth on Lake Michigan in Muskegon County to the south. Two possibilities have been put forward to explain the county's name: Oceana County may have been named for Lake Michigan, a freshwater "ocean," which forms its western border;[4] or it was named for the book Oceana, written by English author James Harrington in 1656.[1]

Oceana County is famous as the "Asparagus Capital of the World" for its high production of asparagus. The annual Asparagus Festival includes a parade and crowning of the Asparagus Queen.

History[]

In the 1850s about 1400 Odawa were relocated here from Ionia County, Michigan by the federal government.[5]

The county economy was first built on the lumber trade, with logs floated downriver. It later was developed for agriculture. In the 21st century, it is known for its commodity crop of asparagus.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,306 square miles (3,380 km2), of which 512 square miles (1,330 km2) is land and 794 square miles (2,060 km2) (61%) is water.[6] The county is considered to be part of West Michigan. The county's western border is formed by Lake Michigan.

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Manistee National Forest (part)

Major highways[]

  • US 31 is the main route for Oceana County. The freeway runs north–south through the western part of county. It passes Pentwater, Hart, Shelby, Rothbury.

  • BUS US 31 are two business routes in Oceana County; one of the versions is a business loop that runs west of US 31 through Pentwater, while the other version is a business spur running through Hart.
  • M-20 is a highway that runs east–west through the southern part of Oceana County. It enters east line at Hesperia, runs west to terminate at US 31 west of New Era.
  • M-120 is a highway that runs along the eastern Oceana County line, from the county tri-point with Muskegon, Newaygo, and Oceana counties to an intersection with M-20 at Hesperia.

County designated highways[]

  • B-15

Demographics[]

File:Oceana County, Michigan, Population by Decades.png

Graphic showing Oceana County, Michigan, Population by Decades

This rural county reached a peak of population in 2000. It has attracted Hispanic or Latino immigrants who mostly work as farm laborers; in 2010 nearly 14% of the population was Hispanic.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 496
1850 300 −39.5%
1860 1,816 505.3%
1870 7,222 297.7%
1880 11,699 62.0%
1890 15,698 34.2%
1900 16,644 6.0%
1910 18,379 10.4%
1920 15,601 −15.1%
1930 13,805 −11.5%
1940 14,812 7.3%
1950 16,105 8.7%
1960 16,547 2.7%
1970 17,984 8.7%
1980 22,002 22.3%
1990 22,454 2.1%
2000 26,873 19.7%
2010 26,570 −1.1%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2020[2]

The 2010 United States Census[11] indicates Oceana County had a 2010 population of 26,570. This decrease of 303 people from the 2000 United States Census represents a 1.1% population decrease in the decade. In 2010 there were 10,174 households and 7,239 families in the county. The population density was 51.9 per square mile (20.0 square kilometers). There were 15,944 housing units at an average density of 31.1 per square mile (12.0 square kilometers). The racial and ethnic makeup of the county was 83.7% White, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 13.7% Hispanic or Latino, 0.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races.

There were 10,174 households, out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were husband and wife families, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.8% were non-families, and 24.6% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04.

The county population contained 24.9% under age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males.

The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate[11] indicates the median income for a household in the county was $39,043 and the median income for a family was $46,816. Males had a median income of $21,774 versus $14,186 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,065. About 1.9% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under the age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[]

  • Oceana County is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Grand Rapids.[12]
  • Oceana County is part of the Episcopal Diocese of Western Michigan.
  • Several Christian denominations are represented in the county population.
  • There is one meetinghouse of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Oceana County as of 2018.[13]

Tourism[]

The Electric Forest Festival (formerly the Rothbury Music Festival) has been held annually in Rothbury, Michigan since 2008.[14]

Camping is a popular summer activity in Oceana County. Areas on the lakeshore such as Silver Lake, Pentwater, and Stony Lake are popular tourist sites.

Government[]

Oceana County has largely voted Republican through the years. Since 1884 its voters have selected the Republican Party nominee in 82% (28 of 35) of the national elections through 2020.

United States presidential election results for Oceana County, Michigan[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,892 63.15% 4,944 35.11% 244 1.73%
2016 7,228 60.59% 3,973 33.30% 729 6.11%
2012 6,239 54.49% 5,063 44.22% 148 1.29%
2008 5,860 46.85% 6,405 51.20% 244 1.95%
2004 6,677 54.30% 5,441 44.25% 179 1.46%
2000 5,913 54.89% 4,597 42.68% 262 2.43%
1996 3,947 40.52% 4,419 45.36% 1,376 14.12%
1992 3,944 37.36% 3,846 36.43% 2,767 26.21%
1988 5,693 62.46% 3,356 36.82% 65 0.71%
1984 6,405 68.69% 2,865 30.72% 55 0.59%
1980 5,465 57.14% 3,386 35.40% 713 7.46%
1976 5,236 59.51% 3,427 38.95% 135 1.53%
1972 4,992 64.20% 2,525 32.47% 259 3.33%
1968 3,911 56.22% 2,152 30.93% 894 12.85%
1964 2,958 43.87% 3,773 55.95% 12 0.18%
1960 4,418 62.38% 2,651 37.43% 13 0.18%
1956 4,479 70.29% 1,868 29.32% 25 0.39%
1952 4,704 71.04% 1,799 27.17% 119 1.80%
1948 2,943 60.07% 1,714 34.99% 242 4.94%
1944 3,534 66.24% 1,738 32.58% 63 1.18%
1940 3,711 60.57% 2,379 38.83% 37 0.60%
1936 2,663 45.44% 2,902 49.51% 296 5.05%
1932 2,481 43.47% 3,051 53.46% 175 3.07%
1928 3,555 79.55% 871 19.49% 43 0.96%
1924 3,335 74.94% 650 14.61% 465 10.45%
1920 3,535 77.85% 785 17.29% 221 4.87%
1916 1,957 54.27% 1,387 38.46% 262 7.27%
1912 857 23.00% 796 21.36% 2,073 55.64%
1908 2,445 68.51% 799 22.39% 325 9.11%
1904 2,653 75.65% 591 16.85% 263 7.50%
1900 2,407 63.08% 1,199 31.42% 210 5.50%
1896 2,534 58.09% 1,637 37.53% 191 4.38%
1892 1,635 47.38% 1,416 41.03% 400 11.59%
1888 1,726 47.82% 1,426 39.51% 457 12.66%
1884 1,637 51.04% 1,213 37.82% 357 11.13%



Oceana County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[]

  • Prosecuting Attorney: Joseph J. Bizon
  • Sheriff: Craig Mast
  • County administrator: Robert J. Sobie, Ph.D.
  • Animal Control: Michael Garcia
  • Building Inspector: Randy Miller
  • County Clerk: Amy L. Anderson
  • Drain Commissioner: Michelle Martin
  • Economic Alliance: Ms. Jodi Nichols
  • Emergency Management: James C. Duram
  • Equalization: Edward K. VanderVries, MMAO IV, PPE
  • Medical Examiner: Dr. Rudy Ochs DO
  • Register of Deeds: Richard A. Hodges
  • County Treasurer: Mary Lou Phillips

(information as of May 2021)[16]

Education[]

Public schools in Oceana County:

  • Hart Public Schools
  • Pentwater Public Schools
  • Shelby Public Schools
  • Walkerville Public Schools

Private schools in Oceana County:

  • New Era Christian School
  • Oceana Christian School [17]

Communities[]

City[]

  • Hart (county seat)

Villages[]

  • Hesperia (partially)
  • New Era
  • Pentwater
  • Rothbury
  • Shelby
  • Walkerville

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Bird
  • Collinsville
  • Corbin's Mill (early seat of Oceana County, beginning 1865)
  • Cranston
  • Crystal Valley
  • Elmwood
  • Elwood
  • Flower Creek
  • Forest City
  • Gale
  • Mears
  • Stony Lake

Townships[]

File:Oceana County, Michigan, Townships Population Chart.png

Oceana County, Michigan, Townships Population Chart

File:Oceana County, Michigan, Townships - Median Age Chart.png

Oceana County, Michigan, Townships - Median Age Chart

File:Oceana County, Michigan, Townships - High School Graduates or Higher Chart.png

Oceana County, Michigan, Townships - High School Graduates or Higher Chart

File:Oceana County, Michigan, Townships - Total Housing Units Chart.png

Oceana County, Michigan, Townships - Total Housing Units Chart

File:Oceana County, Michigan, Townships - Median Household Income Chart.png

Oceana County, Michigan, Townships - Median House Income Chart

File:Oceana County Townships - Percent Individuals Under Poverty Level Chart.png

Oceana County Townships - Percent Individuals Under Poverty Level

  • Benona Township
  • Claybanks Township
  • Colfax Township
  • Crystal Township
  • Elbridge Township
  • Ferry Township
  • Golden Township
  • Grant Township
  • Greenwood Township
  • Hart Township
  • Leavitt Township
  • Newfield Township
  • Otto Township
  • Pentwater Township
  • Shelby Township
  • Weare Township

See also[]

  • List of Michigan State Historic Sites in Oceana County, Michigan
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Oceana County

References[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Oceana County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. https://www.cmich.edu/library/clarke/AccessMaterials/Bibliographies/MichiganLocalHistory/Pages/oceana.aspx. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/oceanacountymichigan/POP010220. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ "Michigan county names per Michigan government". http://www.michigan.gov/hal/0,1607,7-160-15481_20826_20829-54126--,00.html. 
  5. ^ Romig 1986.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_26.txt. 
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/mi190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ Diocese of Grand Rapids, Michigan (accessed 3 March 2008)
  13. ^ Worship With Us: Church Locator ComeUntoChrist.org (accessed 22 September 2018)
  14. ^ "Electric Forest". http://www.electricforestfestival.com. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  16. ^ Oceana County website: Government (accessed 22 September 2018)
  17. ^ "Oceana County MI". http://www.oceanacounty.net/schools.html. 

Sources[]

  • Romig, Walter (October 1, 1986). Michigan Place Names: The History of the Founding and the Naming of More Than Five Thousand Past and Present Michigan Communities (Paperback). Detroit: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8143-1838-6. 

External links[]

Template:Oceana County, Michigan Template:West Michigan

Coordinates: 43°40′N 86°32′W / 43.66, -86.53

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Oceana County, Michigan. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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