|— City —|
|City of Oceanside|
|Incorporated||July 3, 1888"California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. http://www.calafco.org/docs/Cities_by_incorp_date.doc. Retrieved August 25, 2014.|
|• Type||Council-manager"City At A Glance". City of Oceanside, California. http://www.ci.oceanside.ca.us/about/city.asp. Retrieved January 28, 2015.|
|• City council"City Council". City of Oceanside, CA. http://www.ci.oceanside.ca.us/gov/council/default.asp. Retrieved December 30, 2014.||Mayor Jim Wood
Deputy Mayor Chuck Lowery Jerome M. Kern Esther C. SanchezJack Feller
|• City treasurer||Gary M. Ernst"City Treasurer". City of Oceanside, CA. http://www.ci.oceanside.ca.us/gov/treasurer/default.asp. Retrieved January 14, 2015.|
|• City clerk||Zack Beck"City Clerk". City of Oceanside, CA. http://www.ci.oceanside.ca.us/gov/clerk/default.asp. Retrieved January 14, 2015.|
|• City manager|
|Area"2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. https://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/2016_Gazetteer/2016_gaz_place_06.txt. Retrieved Jun 28, 2017.|
|• Total||42.18 sq mi (109.23 km2)|
|• Land||41.25 sq mi (106.84 km2)|
|• Water||0.92 sq mi (2.39 km2) 2.23%|
|Elevation"Oceanside". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1652761. Retrieved January 3, 2015.||66 ft (20 m)|
|Population (2010)"Oceanside (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0653322.html. Retrieved March 11, 2015.|
|• Estimate (2016)||175,464|
|• Rank||3rd in San Diego County 26th in California|
|• Density||4,253.47/sq mi (1,642.28/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|ZIP Codes||92049, 92051, 92052, 92054, 92056–92058|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652761, 2411301|
|City flower||Crimson Lake Bougainvillea|
Oceanside is a coastal city located on California's South Coast. It is the third-largest city in San Diego County, California. The city had a population of 167,086 at the 2010 census. Together with Carlsbad and Vista, it forms a tri-city area. Oceanside is located just south of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Attractions
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Sister cities
- 9 Famous people
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Originally inhabited by Native Americans, the first European explorers arrived in 1769. Spanish missionaries under Father Junipero Serra founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia on a former site of a Luiseño Indian village on the banks of the San Luis Rey River. In the early 19th century, the introduction of farming and grazing changed the landscape of what would become Oceanside. The area—like all of California—was under Spanish, then in 1821 under Mexican rule, and then the U.S. in 1848.
In the late 1870s, Andrew Jackson Myers (1840-1907) lived in San Joaquin County. A native of LaSalle County, Illinois, he returned in the late 1880s and lived in near San Luis Rey. In 1882 Myers moved on the land that was the original town site for Oceanside. A patent for the land was issued in 1883 by the federal government. It was incorporated on July 3, 1888. The city hall as of the early 21st century stands on the former Myers homestead.
The town post office contains an oil-on-canvas mural, Air Mail, painted in 1937 by Elsie Seeds. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.Arnesen, Eric (2007). Encyclopedia of U.S. Labor and Working-Class History. 1. New York: Routledge. p. 1540. ISBN 9780415968263.
In the 20th century, Oceanside was a beach town devoted to activities on a 6-mile (9.7 km) stretch of beaches. Residential areas like downtown (built in the 1890s), South Oceanside (built in the 1920s and 1930s), and developments east of Interstate 5 (built after World War II) are preserved and remodeled when these houses are considered to have historical value. Since the establishment of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in 1942, Oceanside has been home to U.S. armed forces personnel, and the wartime industry of WWII and the 1950s had an ammunition manufacturing facility in the city.
In 1970, the Census Bureau reported city's population as 91.0% white, 5.1% black and 1.7% Asian."Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0076/twps0076.html. After 1970, the main focus of Oceanside was suburban development and a choice for newcomers to move into then relatively affordable housing. Oceanside continues to be known for the value and appreciation as a vacation home market.Fletcher, June (June 13, 2005). "The Hottest Vacation-Home Markets: Second homes are sizzling; We tell you where -- and why". The Wall Street Journal: p. R1.
Oceanside is at "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.(33.211566, -117.325701).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.2 square miles (109 km2), of which 41.2 square miles (107 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (2.23%) is water.
Oceanside experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh) that is significantly tempered by maritime winds and the cool currents off the shoreline. The average high temperatures range from 64 °F (18 °C) to 77 °F (23 °C), while the average low temperatures range from 45 °F (7 °C) to 64 °F (18 °C).
|Climate data for Oceanside|
|Average high °F (°C)||64.0
|Daily mean °F (°C)||55
|Average low °F (°C)||45.0
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.42
|Source: www.intellicast.com, May 2011"Oceanside historic weather averages". Intellicast. http://www.intellicast.com/Local/Weather.aspx?location=USCA0797. Retrieved May 9, 2011.|
|Est. 2016||175,464||"Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017.||9.0%|
|U.S. Decennial Census"Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 4, 2015.|
The 2010 United States Census"2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Oceanside city". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/2010census/popmap/ipmtext.php?fl=06:0653322. Retrieved July 12, 2014. reported that Oceanside had a population of 167,086. The population density was 3,961.8 people per square mile (1,529.7/km²). The racial makeup of Oceanside was 109,020 (65.2%) White, 7,873 (4.7%) African American, 1,385 (0.8%) Native American, 11,081 (6.6%) Asian (3.4% Filipino, 0.7% Japanese, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Chinese, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Indian), 2,144 (1.3%) Pacific Islander, 25,886 (15.5%) from other races, and 9,697 (5.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59,947 persons (35.9%).
The Census reported that 166,150 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 802 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 134 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 59,238 households, out of which 20,486 (34.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 30,201 (51.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,947 (11.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,111 (5.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,504 (5.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 472 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 14,117 households (23.8%) were made up of individuals and 6,161 (10.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80. There were 40,259 families (68.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.32.
The population was spread out with 39,817 people (23.8%) under the age of 18, 19,028 people (11.4%) aged 18 to 24, 45,797 people (27.4%) aged 25 to 44, 40,943 people (24.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 21,501 people (12.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.
There were 64,435 housing units at an average density of 1,527.8 per square mile (589.9/km²), of which 34,986 (59.1%) were owner-occupied, and 24,252 (40.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.2%. 97,645 people (58.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 68,505 people (41.0%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. of 2000, there were 161,029 people, 56,488 households, and 39,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,967.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,531.7/km²). There were 59,581 housing units at an average density of 1,467.9 per square mile (566.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.4% White, 6.3% African American, 5.5% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 0.4% Native American or Alaskan Native, 0.1% from another race alone, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 30.2%.
In 2000, there were 56,488 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.33.
The age distribution of Oceanside in 2000 was as follows: 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,301, and the median income for a family was $52,232. Males had a median income of $34,772 versus $27,962 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,329. About 8.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,City of Oceanside CAFR Retrieved August 13, 2009 the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Tri-City Medical Center||1,900|
|2||City of Oceanside||1,060|
|3||Mira Costa College||1,000|
|5||North County Transit District||600|
|8||Ocean's Eleven Casino||400|
Each Thursday evening, downtown Oceanside hosts the Sunset Market - a gathering of local vendors, hot food and live entertainment."Sunset Market". http://www.mainstreetoceanside.com/#!sunset-market/c1yvd.
- The Oceanside Pier, first built in 1888 (and now in its sixth incarnation), is one of the longest wooden piers on the western United States coastline at 1,942 feet (592 m).http://www.visitoceanside.org/travel-tips/oceanside-pier-2/
- The California Surf Museum is located in downtown Oceanside.
- The Oceanside Transit Center provides train services on Amtrak, Metrolink, Coaster, and Sprinter.
- The famous house in the film, Top Gun, where Kelly McGillis and Tom Cruise shot a romantic scene.
- Oceanside hosts The Beach Soccer Championships The Beach Soccer Championships since 2007, the festival is the largest on the west coast and takes place weekend after mother's day in May. The event has a PRO side to the event called The Beach Soccer USA Cup and it is considered to host the toughest competition of its kind in the USA.
- Since 2006, Oceanside has played host to the official start of the annual 3000 mile bicycle race, Race Across America, which is usually held during the second week of June. It is considered the world's toughest sporting event by many
- Oceanside is home to the Worlds Largest Women's Surf Competition, the Supergirl Pro Jam event is held yearly since 2007."Welcome". http://supergirljam.com/welcome-to-super-girl-jam/supergirl-action-sports/.
- Mission San Luis Rey de Francia -founded by padre Fermín Lasuén on June 12, 1798, the eighteenth of the twenty-one Spanish missions built in the Alta California Province of the Viceroyalty of New Spain
- The historic district of Mount Ecclesia, home to the The Rosicrucian Fellowship since 1920, is noted for its singular architecture and the preservation of nature grounds and gardens, offering a unique meditative walking experience.
- King of Kings Lutheran Church -
- Prince of Peace Abbey - Benedictine monastery 1958
- Churches of Oceanside California.
Cemeteries and Memorials
10 cemeteries in Oceanside, California.
- Buena Vista Cemetery (Defunct)
- Camp Pendleton - by Stepp Stables, cemetery for military animals.
- Eternal Hills Memorial Park
- King of Kings Lutheran Church - church columbarium
- Mission San Luis Rey de Francia - church cemetery
- Oceanview Cemetery
- Prince of Peace Abbey - monastery cemetery
- Rosicrucian Fellowship Headquarters Grounds - Burial Grounds
- San Luis Rey Pioneer Cemetery
- South Mesa War Memorials - Camp Pendleton
According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $295.2 million in revenues, $252.8 million in expenditures, $962.8 million in total assets, $195.3 million in total liabilities, and $223.7 million in cash and investments.City of Oceanside CAFR Retrieved August 13, 2009
State and federal representation
In the California State Legislature, Oceanside is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, and in the 76th Assembly District, represented by Republican Rocky Chavez."Statewide Database". UC Regents. http://statewidedatabase.org/gis/gis2011/index_2011.html. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
In the United States House of Representatives, Oceanside is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Republican Darrell Issa."California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/CA/49.
Residents of Oceanside may attend schools in the Oceanside Unified School District, Vista Unified School District, Bonsall Union School District, Carlsbad Unified School District, Fallbrook Union High School District, or Fallbrook Union Elementary School District, depending on their actual address. The Oceanside Unified School District provides instrumental music programs in grades 4-12.
The Oceanside Unified School District has two comprehensive high schools, El Camino High School off Rancho Del Oro and Oceanside High School off Mission Avenue. High school students are also served by Ocean Shores Continuation High School and Clair Burgener Academy. OUSD has 24 schools plus three charter schools, including the School of Business and Technology, and two brand new schools, Louise Foussat Elementary School and Cesar Chavez Middle School, that opened in the Fall of 2007. Cesar Chavez Middle School, which is on the corner of Frazee and Oleander, will be built on a 14 acres (5.7 ha), house 11 building totaling 84,000 square feet (7,800 m2) and will serve 1,000 6th–8th grade students.
The other school, Louise Foussat Elementary School, located on Pala Road, is built on 12.6 acres (5.10 ha) of land with 35 classrooms totaling 54, 490 square feet (46 m2) and can accommodate 800 students.
- Ensenada, Mexico
- Kisarazu, Chiba, Japan"US-Japan Sister Cities by State" (in English). Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. http://www.asiamattersforamerica.org/japan/data/sister-cities-state. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- Fuji, Shizuoka, Japan
- A'ana, Samoa
- Oceanside Youth Clubs -Local Family Activities
- Carlsbad California Stake of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
- Knights of Buena Creek - Local Service Club Directory
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Oceanside.|
- City of Oceanside - Official Website
- Oceanside Historical Society
- Discover Oceanside attractions, beaches and piers.
- Churches of Oceanside California
- Oceanside California Youth Clubs & Activities
Template:San Diego Metropolitan Area
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Oceanside, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|