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October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with a length of 31 days. In the northern hemisphere, October is commonly associated with the season of autumn. October begins in western tropical astrology with the sun in the sign of Libra and ends in the sign of Scorpio. Astronomically speaking, the sun actually begins in the constellation of Virgo and ends in the constellation of Libra.

In Latin, octo means "eight," reflecting the fact that October was the eighth month in the Roman calendar.

October, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.

October events and holidays[]

More events are listed on the individual dates of the calendar on this page.

Month-long observances[]

Cultural celebrations[]

Health observances[]

Other names[]

  • In Afrikaans, October is called Oktober
  • In Albanian, October is called Tetor
  • In Arabic, October is called tashrîn al-awwal in the Middle East and uktûbîr in North-Africa.
  • In Bulgarian, October is called Октомври
  • In Chinese, October is called Shíyuè(十月)also meaning the tenth month.
  • In Croatian, October is called Listopad, meaning leaves list fall pad.
  • In Czech, October is called říjen. The origin of this name is in the deer's belling in this month.
  • A traditional Dutch name for October is Wijnmaand ("wine month") because the first wines of the year have ripened.
  • In Finnish, October is called lokakuu, meaning "month of dirt".
  • In French, October is called "octobre".
  • In German, October is called "Oktober".
  • In Greek, October is called "Octovrios","Οκτώβριος".
  • In Hungarian, October is called Október.
  • In Icelandic, October is called október.
  • In Inuktitut, October is called uktuputi.
  • In Irish, October is called Deireadh Fómhair, meaning "end of harvest-time".
  • In Italian, October is called ottobre.
  • In the old Japanese calendar, the 10th month was called Kannazuki (神無月? also pronounced Kaminazuki), literally meaning the godless month, due to an old belief that in that month, the gods gathered in one spot to discuss the affairs of the world. Thus, in that month, the gods were inaccessible. (It actually means, "month of the gods", however, as the "na" is actually a possessive particle and the 無 character is ateji.)
  • In Korean, it is called "Sib-weol" meaning the tenth month
  • In Latin, October is called Octubre, or VIIIber (where VIII is the Roman number 8, in Latin "octo"). The name is due to the fact that it was the 8th month in the early Julian calendar beginning in March.
  • In Lithuanian, October is called Spalis.
  • In Polish, October is called "Październik".
  • In Portuguese, October is called "Outubro".
  • In Romanian, October is called "Octombrie"
  • In Russian, October is called "Октябрь"
  • In Scottish Gaelic, October is called an Damhar, meaning "rutting time" (of stags).
  • In Serbian, October is called oktobar/октобар
  • In Slovak, October is called október
  • In Spanish, October is called "octubre".
  • In Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch and German, October is called Oktober.
  • In Turkish, October is called Ekim, meaning "sowing" because of the sowing of wheat.
  • In Welsh, October is called "Hydref", meaning "autumn".



  1. ^ Chaudhury, Nilova. "October 2 is global non-violence day",, Hindustan Times, 15 June 2007. Retrieved on 2007-06-15
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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at October. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.