October 19 in recent years
is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in October 19 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 73 days remaining until the end of the year.
Events [ ]
202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal.
439 - The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
1216 - King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
1453 - The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years' War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil.
1466 - The Thirteen Years' War ends with the Second Treaty of Toruń. Gdansk Pomerania and Prussia as a whole are incorporated into Poland; the Teutonic Knights are allowed to rule its eastern part as Polish vassals.
1469 - Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
1512 - Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology ( Doctor in Biblia).
1781 - At Yorktown, Virginia, British commander Lord Cornwallis surrendered to a Franco- American force led by George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau, paving the way for the end of the American Revolutionary War.
1789 - Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
1812 - Napoleon I of France retreats from Moscow.
1813 - The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats.
1822 - In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
1864 - Battle of Cedar Creek - Union Army under Philip Sheridan destroys Confederate Army under Jubal Early. 1864 -
Confederate raiders launch an attack on Saint Albans from Canada.
1873 - Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
1904 - Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
1912 - Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
1914 - The First Battle of Ypres begins.
1917 - Love Field in Dallas is opened.
1921 - Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
1933 - Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
1935 - The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
1943 - Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
1944 - United States forces land in the Philippines.
1950 - The military of the People's Republic of China takes control of the town of Chamdo in eastern Tibet.
1954 - First ascent of Cho Oyu
1960 - The United States government places an embargo on Communist Cuba.
1969 - The first Prime Minister of Tunisia in twelve years, Bahi Ladgham, is appointed by President Habib Bourguiba.
1973 - President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court demand to turn over the Watergate tapes.
1974 - Niue becomes self-governing colony of New Zealand
1976 - Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon. The same day, the Chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes) is placed on the List of Endangered Species.
1983 - Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, is overthrown and executed in a military coup d'état led by Bernard Coard.
1986 - Samora Machel, President of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, and 33 others died when their Tupolev 134 plane crashed into the Lebombo Mountains.
1987 - In retaliation for Iranian attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf, the U.S. Navy disables three of Iran's offshore oil platforms.
1987 - ( Black Monday) Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points. This is considered a Stock Market Crash.
1989 - Guildford Four convictions are quashed by the Court of Appeal - they had spent 15 years in prison through a miscarriage of justice.
1991 - 7.0 Richter Scale earthquake in Northern Italy - 2000 dead
1998 - The Earth Liberation Front sets fire to the Vail Mountain ski resort in Vail, causing $12 million in damage.
2001 - SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sank in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
2003 - Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
2004 - Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the Thai government on charges of corruption.
2004 - Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.
2005 - Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
2005 - Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
2005 - The last Major League Baseball game is played at Busch Memorial Stadium.
2006 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the 12,000 mark for the first time. 2007 - Philippines. Amidst corruption controversies hounding the Arroyo administration, a bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati, which killed 11 and injured more than 100 people.
Births [ ]
1276 - Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1328)
1433 - Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (d. 1499)
1562 - Archbishop George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1633)
1582 - Dmitry Ivanovich, Tsarevich (d. 1591)
1605 - Thomas Browne, English writer (d. 1682)
1610 - James Butler, English statesman and soldier (d. 1688)
1658 - Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
1680 - John Abernethy, Irish Protestant minister (d. 1740)
1688 - William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
1718 - Victor-François, Marshal of France (d. 1804)
1720 - John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (d. 1772)
1721 - Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist (d. 1800)
1784 - John McLoughlin, Canadian fur trader (d. 1857)
1810 - Cassius Marcellus Clay, American abolitionist (d. 1903)
1851 - Empress Myeongseong, Empress of Korea (d. 1895)
1858 - George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (d. 1937)
1862 - Auguste Lumière, French inventor (d. 1954)
1873 - Jaap Eden, Dutch skater and cyclist (d. 1925)
1873 - John Barton King, American cricketer (d. 1965)
1876 - Mordecai Brown, baseball player (d. 1945)
1882 - Umberto Boccioni, futurist painter (d. 1916)
1885 - Charles Merrill, American investment banker (d. 1956)
1895 - Lewis Mumford, American historian (d. 1990) 1895 -
Frank Durbin Last U.S veteran of the Battle of Verdun (d. 1999)
1896 - Bob O'Farrell, baseball player (d. 1988)
1897 - Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (d. 1994)
1899 - Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
1900 - Bill Ponsford, Australian cricketer (d. 1991) 1900 -
Roy Worters, Canadian ice hockey goaltender (d. 1957) 1900 -
Erna Berger, German soprano (d. 1990)
1901 - Arleigh Burke, Naval commander (d. 1996)
1903 - Tor Johnson, Swedish wrestler and actor (d. 1971)
1907 - Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader (d. 1962)
1908 - Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian composer (d. 1981)
1909 - Cozy Cole, American jazz drummer (d. 1981) 1909 -
Marguerite Perey, French physicist (d. 1975)
1910 - Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995) 1910 -
Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (d. 1980)
1913 - Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and songwriter (d. 1980)
1916 - Jean Dausset, French immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1916 -
Emil Gilels, Ukrainian pianist (d. 1985)
1920 - Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher (d. 2003)
1922 - Jack Anderson, American journalist (d. 2005)
1926 - Joel Feinberg, American moral philosopher (d. 2004) 1926 -
Arne Bendiksen, Norwegian singer and songwriter
1931 - John le Carré, English novelist
1932 - Robert Reed, American actor (d. 1992)
1936 - Tony Lo Bianco, American actor
1937 - Peter Max, American artist 1937 -
Marilyn Bell, Canadian long distance swimmer
1940 - Michael Gambon, Irish actor
1941 - Simon Ward, British actor
1942 - Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney
1943 - Robin Holloway, British composer 1943 -
Takis Ikonomopoulos, Greek footballer
1944 - Peter Tosh, Jamaican musician, political activist (d. 1987) 1944 -
George McCrae, American soul singer
1945 - Harris Glen Milstead, American actor and singer best known for his drag persona, Divine. (d. 1988) 1945 -
Patricia Ireland, President of the NOW 1945 -
John Lithgow, American actor 1945 -
Jeannie C. Riley American country and gospel singer
1946 - Philip Pullman, English writer
1947 - Giorgio Cavazzano, comics artist and illustrator
1948 - Patrick Simmons, American musician ( The Doobie Brothers)
1949 - Jamie McGrigor, British politician
1951 - Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematical physicist, recipient of the Bôcher Memorial Prize
1952 - Verónica Castro, Mexican actress and singer
1954 - Sam Allardyce, English football manager 1954 -
Deborah Blum, American writer
1956 - Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (d. 1993) 1956 -
Sunny Deol, Indian actor 1956 -
Didier Theys, Belgian racing driver
1957 - Ray Richmond, entertainment/media columnist 1957 -
Karl Wallinger, Welsh musician ( The Waterboys, World Party)
1958 - Tiriel Mora, Australian actor
1958 - Lou Briel, Puerto Rican singer, composer, actor & showman
1960 - Jonathan FeBland, English musician, writer and artist
1962 - Tracy Chevalier, American author 1962 -
Evander Holyfield, American boxer
1963 - Prince Laurent of Belgium
1964 - Jorge Luis Gonzales, Cuban-born American boxer
1965 - Brad Daugherty, American basketball player
1965 - Ty Pennington, American television carpenter
1966 - Roger R. Cross, Jamaican-born actor 1966 -
Jon Favreau, American actor, writer and director
1967 - Yoko Shimomura, Japanese composer
1969 - Trey Parker, American cartoonist, comedian, writer, and actor 1969 -
Erwin Sánchez, Bolivian footballer
1970 - Chris Kattan, American comedian and actor
1972 - Keith Foulke, American baseball pitcher 1972 -
Pras, American musician
1973 - Hicham Arazi, Moroccan tennis player 1973 -
Joaquin Gage, Canadian ice hockey player
1976 - Joy Bryant, American actress 1976 -
Omar Gooding, American actor 1976 -
Desmond Harrington, American actor 1976 -
Dan Smith, Canadian ice hockey player 1976 -
Michael Young, baseball player
1977 - Louis-José Houde, Québec stand-up comic 1977 -
Jason Reitman, Canadian filmmaker 1977 -
Raúl Tamudo, Spanish footballer
1978 - Enrique Bernoldi, Brazilian Formula One driver 1978 -
Zakhar Dubenskiy, Russian footballer
1979 - Brian Robertson, American trombonist ( Suburban Legends) 1979 -
José Luis "Parejita" López, Mexican footballer
1980 - Benjamin Salisbury, American actor
1981 - Heikki Kovalainen, Finnish Formula One driver 1982 - Gonzalo Pineda, Mexican footballer
Deaths [ ]
727 - Saint Frideswide
1187 - Pope Urban III
1216 - King John
1432 - John de Mowbray, English politician (b. 1392)
1587 - Francesco I de' Medici (b. 1541)
1608 - Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (b. 1551)
1636 - Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician
1682 - Thomas Browne, English writer (b. 1605)
1723 - Godfrey Kneller, German-born painter (b. 1646)
1745 - Jonathan Swift, Irish author (b. 1667)
1790 - Lyman Hall, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1724)
1813 - Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish prince and Marshal of France (friendly fire) (b. 1763)
1842 - Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
1851 - Marie Thérèse Charlotte (b. 1778)
1856 - William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (b. 1799)
1889 - King Louis of Portugal (b. 1838)
1897 - George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (b. 1831)
1901 - Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (b. 1829)
1918 - Harold Lockwood, American actor (b. 1887)
1936 - Lu Xun, Chinese writer (b. 1881)
1937 - Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1871)
1943 - Camille Claudel, French sculptor (b. 1864)
1950 - Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet (b. 1892)
1956 - Isham Jones, American musician (b. 1894)
1960 - George Wallace, Australian vaudevillian and film comedian (b. 1895)
1973 - Walt Kelly, American cartoonist (b. 1913)
1978 - Gig Young, American actor (b. 1913)
1983 - Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1944)
1985 - Alfred Rouleau, French Canadian businessman (b. 1915)
1986 - Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist 1986 -
Samora Machel, President of Mozambique (b. 1933)
1987 - Jacqueline Du Pré, English cellist (b. 1945) 1987 -
Hermann Lang, German race car driver (b. 1909)
1988 - Son House, American musician (b. 1902)
1994 - Martha Raye, American comedian and actress (b. 1916)
1995 - Don Cherry, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1936)
1997 - Glen Buxton, American guitarist (b. 1947)
1999 - Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-born French writer (b. 1900) 1999 -
James C. Murray, American politician (b. 1917)
2003 - Alija Izetbegović, President of Bosnia-Herzegovina (b. 1925) 2003 -
Margaret Murie, American conservationist (b. 1902) 2003 -
Michael Hegstrand, American professional wrestler (b. 1957)
2004 - Kenneth E. Iverson, Canadian computer scientist (b. 1920)
2005 - Dallas Cook, American musician ( Suburban Legends) (b. 1982) 2005 -
Corinne Lévesque, wife of Quebec premier René Lévesque (b. 1943)
2006 - James Glennon, American cinematographer (b. 1942)
2007 - LaLa Brown, American singer and protégé of Lyfe Jennings (b. 1986) 2007 -
Dr. Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (b. 1943) 2007 -
Michael Maidens, English footballer with Hartlepool United (b. 1987) 2007 - Jan Wolkers, Dutch writer (b. 1925)
Holidays and observances [ ]
External links [ ]
92 Familypedia people were born on October 19
111 Familypedia people died on October 19
73 Familypedia people were first married on October 19