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Oettingen in Bayern
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Schwaben
District Donau-Ries District
Municipal assoc. Oettingen in Bayern
Founded
First mentioned
Subdivisions 5 Stadtteile
Government
 • Mayor Matti Müller (SPD)
Area
 • Total 34.21 km2 (13.21 sq mi)
Elevation 418 m (1,371 ft)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 5,028
 • Density 150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 86729–86732
Dialling codes 09082
Vehicle registration DON
Website www.oettingen.de
County (Principality) of Oettingen
Grafschaft (Fürstentum) Oettingen
State of the Holy Roman Empire

1147–1806

Coat of arms

Capital Oettingen in Bayern
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  First documentary
    mention

1147
 -  Partitioned 1418, 1442 and 1485 1147
 -  Partitioned to
    Ö-Oettingen and
    Ö-Wallerstein


1522
 -  Ö-Wallerstein
    partitioned to create
    Ö-Baldern and
    Ö-Spielberg



1623/94
 -  Ö-Oettingen extinct,
    to Ö-Spielberg
    and Ö-Wallerstein


1731
 -  Ö-Spielberg and
    Ö-Wallerstein raised
    to principalities


1734 and 1774
 -  Ö-Baldern extinct,
    to Ö-Wallerstein

1798 1806
 -  Mediatised to Bavaria 1806

Oettingen in Bayern is a town in the Donau-Ries District, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated 29 km (18 mi) northwest of Donauwörth, and 14 km (8.7 mi) northeast of Nördlingen.

Geography[]

The town is located on the Wörnitz, a branch of the Danube, and lies on the northern edge of the Nördlinger Ries, a gigantic crater 25 km (16 mi) in diameter.

Stadtgliederung:

  • Erlbach
  • Heuberg
  • Lehmingen
  • Niederhofen
  • Nittingen
  • Oettingen

Industry[]

The Oettinger Brewery, who make Germany's best-selling brand of beer, has its main brewery and headquarters in Oettingen.

History[]

Neolithic findings indicate that the region was settled around 5000 BC. Archaeologists have also discovered the remains of a Bronze Age settlement and a Roman village. Oettingen was largely destroyed by an Allied bombing raid in January 1945.

Culture and Points of Interest[]

Königsturm (lit. King's Tower)
The tower of the lower gate, the so called King's Tower, is the only one along the city fortifications to have been preserved. The lower outskirts used to be located on the outside, and were secluded by an exterior lower gate. The lower level still exhibits remains of the tower from the thirteenth century. The city governors together with the citizens constructed a new tower in 1594–96. Cells from the city jail remain on the inside.
Rathaus (City Hall)
The city hall is one of the most outstanding examples of the Swabian Fachwerk style. The stone entry level and portal were built in 1431 while the upper floors and the impressive roof framework come from 1480. The nearby civic house from the seventeenth century was connected to the city hall during renovations (1986–93). The city hall today is the seat of municipal government and governing body of Oettingen, and the city license bureau is found on the ground floor.
Marktplatz (Marketplace)
The marketplace forms the centre of Oettingen, and the weekly farmers market takes place here on Fridays. Worth noting is the architectural layout: on the east side, the gables are Baroque-style, and on the west side, they are Fachwerk-style.
The Storks of Oettingen
Storks have been nesting in Oettingen at least since the time of Count Ludwig XVI (more than 400 years ago), and Ludwig was supposedly a friend of the storks. According to legend, when the Count left the town after the Schmalkaldic War, the storks also moved away and never came back. It wasn't until much later in 1563 when the count came back that the storks, too, wandered back into the town and have remained there up to this day.
Altes Gymnasium (Old High School)
The building was built in 1724 under the direction of Albert Ernest II by Johann Christian Lüttich. It accommodated the Latin School which was established in 1563, and served to educate the children of the parish and of the city governors.

Notable people[]

  • Rainer Stadelmann (1933-), Egyptologist

See also[]

Commons-logo.png
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • House of Oettingen-Oettingen
  • House of Oettingen-Spielberg
  • House of Oettingen-Wallerstein

References[]

External links[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Oettingen in Bayern. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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