Olive Grey Frost was born 24 July 1816 in Bethel, Oxford County, Maine, United States to Aaron Frost (1779-1860) and Susanna Gray (1780-1861) and died 1846 Iowa, United States of unspecified causes. She married Joseph Smith (1805-1844) 17 September 1843 in Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois. She married Brigham Young (1801-1877) 7 November 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois.


Olive Frost was born on July 24, 1816, in Bethel, Maine, the eighth of eleven children of Aaron Frost and Susannah Grey Frost. Olive’s widowed sister, Mary Ann Frost (1808-1891), was converted in 1836 and subsequently married Parley Parker Pratt (1807-1857) in Kirtland, Ohio.

Three years later Olive joined her sister as a newly baptized Church member and joined Parley on his mission to England. While several of the members of the Quorum of the Twelve returned to America from their missions in Great Britain in the summer of 1841, Parley, with Mary Ann and Olive, remained behind. His responsibilities ended in late 1842 and on April 12, 1843, they arrived in Nauvoo, Illinois with a group of English Saints.

Plural Marriage: Joseph Smith[]

At some point thereafter, Joseph Smith (1805-1844) was sealed to Olive Frost. Mary Ann Frost’s biographer, Jayne Winters Fife postulates: “It is probable that their marriage for time and eternity took place on or near September 17, the date that she received her Patriarchal Blessing from Hyrum Smith, in which she was promised that she ‘shall be blessed in the Covenant with Abraham Isaac and Jacob’.”

This date corresponds to the second period of Emma’s acceptance of plural marriage and is a possibility.

Very little is known regarding the union. An October 26, 1902, entry in the journal of Church member Joseph E. Robinson records: “During the afternoon I called on Aunt Lizzie. … She knew Joseph Smith had more than two wives. Said he married … Olive Frost [who] had a child by him and that both died.”

This appears to contradict James Whitehead’s 1885 comment that Olive died in childbirth, but more than ten months after Joseph’s death showing he could not be the father.

Plural Marriage: Brigham Young[]

She was sealed to Joseph Smith, Jr. for eternity and Brigham Young (1801-1877) for life. She Died Nov 7, 1844 in childbirth per above commentary.



  1. Olive Frost
  2. Letters From My Husband Parley P. Pratt,” forthcoming. (back)
  3. Joseph E. Robinson, Diary, October 26, 1902. See also D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, 588. (back)
  4. Joseph Smith III Interview with James Whitehead, Alton, Illinois, April 20, 1885. Collection of John Hajicek,, Independence, Missouri. (back)
  5. Olive Grey Frost Biographical Sketch by Mary Ann Pratt—in Andrew Jenson Papers [ca. 1871–1942], MS 17956; CHL Box 4, Fd. 59, pages 4–5. See also Andrew Jenson, “Plural Marriage,” Historical Record 6 (July 1887): 235.