Property "Joined with" (as page type) with input value "Sarah Marinda Bates (1817-1888) + Charlatte Bishop + Adelia Ann Bishop (1825-1913) + Mary Ann Merrill (1819-1903) + Sarah Louisa Chandler (1823-1846) + Marian Agnes Ross (1829-1901) + Sarah Louisa Lewis (1831-1855) + Juliett Ann Phelps (1839-1919) + Eliza Crooks (1829-1869) + Mary Margaret Graham (1852-1907)" contains invalid characters or is incomplete and therefore can cause unexpected results during a query or annotation process.

Elder Orson Whitley Pratt was born 19 September 1811 in Hartford, Washington County, New York to Jared Pratt (1769-1839) and Charity Dickinson (1776-1849) and died 3 October 1881 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah of Diabetes. He married Sarah Marinda Bates (1817-1888) 4 July 1836 . He married Adelia Ann Bishop (1825-1913) 13 January 1846 in Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois. Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Henry II of England (1133-1189)/s, Hugh Capet (c940-996)/s, William I of England (1027-1087)/s.

Early leader in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and last surviving member of the original Council of Twelve Apostles. He followed the 19th century Mormon practice of polygamy and had 10 wives and 45 children. He was also a writer, historian, and scientist.


Church Life History

Orson Pratt was introduced to the young Mormon Religion by his elder brother, Parley Parker Pratt (1807-1857) who baptized him on his nineteenth birthday, 19 Sep 1830, in Canaan, New York. He served a number of short missions for the church in the eastern states.

Zions Camp Participant

This Judith Mehr rendition depicts struggles endured by members of Zion's Camp, an expeditionary force to help Church members in Jackson County redeem their brethren.

One of the most interesting episodes in the early history of LDS Church was the march of Zion's Camp (1834). The members of the Church in Missouri were being persecuted, and the Prophet Joseph made it a matter of prayer and received a revelation on February 24, 1834. The Lord instructed the Prophet to assemble at least one hundred young and middle-aged men and to go to the land of Zion, or Missouri. (See D&C 130:19–34.)

Zion’s Camp, a group of approximately one hundred and fifty men, gathered at Kirtland, Ohio, in the spring of 1834 and marched to Jackson County, Missouri. By the time they reached Missouri, the camp had increased to approximately two hundred men.

In 1835, he was ordained to the original Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and was part of their historic mission the British Isles in 1839 to 1841.

Nauvoo Era

Returning to America in 1841, Pratt encountered a lot of contention in the church over several issues including plural marriage. He rebelled against Joseph Smith (1805-1844) after his wife, Sarah Marinda Bates (1817-1888) accused Smith of attempting to seduce her. He was excommunicated in 1842 but he requested reinstatement the following year.

He later was president of the British Mission in 1851. In 1865, he was one of the first LDS missionaries to work in Austria, but had no success there.

Migration West

Pratt was part of the 1847 Vanguard Company of Brigham Young that led the Mormon Migration to Utah. On 21 July 1847, he entered the Salt Lake Valley with Erastus Snow, three days prior to the main group. During this journey he kept a detailed record of the natural history encountered and assisted William Clayton with the invention of the pioneer Roadometer, precursor to the modern odometer.

Gravestone of Orson Pratt

Gravestone of Orson Pratt - Salt Lake Cemetery

Orson Pratt Born Setp 19, 1811, Hartford, Washington Co, New York. Died Oct. 3 1881. A Member of the First Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints. Church Historian, Philosopher, Scientist, Astronomer and one of the first two pioneers who entered Salt Lake Valley July 21, 1847. He established the Salt Lake Base and Meridian. His own epitaph was - "My body sleeps for a moment, but my testimony lives and shall endure forever."

Backside of Gravestone:

Wives Buried Here: Marian Ross, Adelia Ann Bishop, Juliaet Phelps, Mary Ann Merrill.

Missionary Visits

The following contacts are reported with Elder Orson Pratt:

  1. Family of Aaron Cheney - 1831 New York Conversion to Mormonism by Orson Pratt and Joseph Smith

Family Life

Orson Pratt (1811-1881)

Orson Pratt followed the 19th century Mormon practice of plural marriage, having 10 wives and 45 children. They would live in impoverished circumstances.

Marriage to Sarah Bates

1st Marriage - Sarah Marinda Bates (1817-1888), the third child of Cyrus Bates and Lydia Harrington. She was the subject of the big scandal in 1842 that led to Pratt's temporary departure from the LDS return.

In the Nauvoo era, both Orson and his wife Sarah were deceived by apostate John C. Bennett and were excommunicated thereafter. Orson fell into such a depression he nearly became suicidal but by the love shown by the Prophet Joseph himself, the Pratts were re-baptized by the Prophet.

Sarah divorced Orson in 1868 and became an outspoken critic of the Mormon practice of plural marriage and founder of the Anti-Polygamy Society in Salt Lake. Most of their 12 children followed after their mother and left the LDS Church.

  1. Orson Pratt (1837-1903)
  2. Lydia Pratt (1838-1839)
  3. Celestia Larissa Pratt (1842-1905)
  4. Sarah Marinda Pratt (1844-1845)
  5. Vanson Pratt (1846-1847)
  6. Laron Pratt (1847-1908)
  7. Marlon Pratt (1848-1849)
  8. Marintha Althera Pratt (1849-1851)
  9. Harmel Pratt (1851-1907)
  10. Arthur Pratt (1853-1919) - US Deputy Marshall
  11. Herma Ethna Pratt (1856-1877) - died three weeks after birth of her first son.
  12. Liola Menella Pratt (1858-1860)

Marriage to Charlatte Bishop

2nd Marriage - Charlatte Bishop (1823-). No children.

Marriage to Mary Ann Merrill

3rd Marriage - Mary Ann Merrill (1819-1903) - m. 25 Nov 1845 in Nauvoo and she is buried with Orson in SLC.

  1. Milando Merrill Pratt (1848-1930)
  2. Vianna Merrill Pratt (1851-1936)
  3. Oradine Merrill Pratt (1853-1872)
  4. Lathilla Merrill Pratt (1855-1940)
  5. Valton Merrill Pratt (1860-1940)

Marriage to Adelia Bishop

4th Marriage - Adelia Ann Bishop (1825-1913) - Daughter of John Fitch Bishop and Lucy Goff and sister of Charlatte Bishop above. Married Orson Pratt, 13 Jan 1846, Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois. She is buried with Orson. They had several children:

  1. Lucy Adelia Bishop Pratt (1847-1916)
  2. Elzina Pratt (1851-1902)
  3. Lorum Bishop Pratt (1851-1935)
  4. Lorus Bishop Pratt (1855-1923) - Made significant artwork contributions on first four LDS Temples in Utah.
  5. Eltha Bishop Pratt (1858-1928)
  6. Orthena Bishop Pratt (1863-1936)

Marriage to Louisa Chandler

5th Marriage - Sarah Louisa Chandler (1823-1846) - m. sometime in 1846 in Nauvoo, IL. No Children

Marriage to Marian Ross

6th Marriage - Marian Agnes Ross (1829-1901) - m. 19 Feb 1852 in SLC.

  1. Marian Agnes Ross Pratt (1853-1853)
  2. Larinda Maressa Ross Pratt (1855-1918)
  3. Milson Ross Pratt (1859-1936)
  4. Irintha Ross Pratt (1862-1941)
  5. Ray Ross Pratt (1871-1945)
  6. Ruby Ross Pratt (1874-1948)

Marriage to Sarah Lewis

7th Marriage - Sarah Louisa Lewis (1831-1855) - m. 21 June 1853 - Birmingham, England.

  1. Willow Lewis Pratt (1854-1854)

Marriage to Juliett Phelps

8th Marriage - Juliett Ann Phelps (1839-1919) - daughter of Alva Phelps (1813-1846) who died early into the Mormon Battalion March. She is buried with Orson.

  1. Alva Phelps Pratt (1859-1906)
  2. Clomentia Phelps Pratt (1861-1941)
  3. Ortherus Phelps Pratt (1863-1957)
  4. Margaret Phelps Pratt (1868-1951)
  5. Rella Phelps Pratt (1872-1954)
  6. Neva Phelps Pratt (1874-1957)
  7. Julius Phelps Pratt (1877-1947)

Marriage to Eliza Crooks

9th Marriage - Eliza Crooks (1829-1869) - m. 24 Jul 1857 in Liverpool, England. She is buried in Tooele, UT.

  1. Levius Crooks Pratt (1858-1862)
  2. Dora Crooks Pratt (1860-1939)
  3. Jared Crooks Pratt (1862-1877)
  4. Onthew Crooks Pratt (1864-1864)
  5. Samuel Crooks Pratt (1868-1888)

Marriage to Margaret Graham

10th Marriage - Mary Margaret Graham (1852-1907) - She was sixteen years old when she married Orson in 1868, which caused Orson's first wife to divorce him.

  1. Orlon Graham Pratt (1869-1932)
  2. Pearl Graham Pratt (1872-1954)
  3. Royal Graham Pratt (1874-1917


Offspring of Elder Orson Whitley Pratt and Sarah Marinda Bates (1817-1888)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Orson Pratt (1837-1903) 11 July 1837 Kirtland, Geauga County, Ohio 6 December 1903 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Susan Lizette Snow (1841-1927)
Lydia Pratt (1838-1839)
Celestia Larissa Pratt (1842-1905)
Sarah Marinda Pratt (1844-1845)
Vanson Pratt (1846-1847)
Laron Pratt (1847-1908)
Marlon Pratt (1848-1849)
Marintha Althera Pratt (1849-1851)
Harmel Pratt (1851-1907)
Arthur Pratt (1853-1919)
Herma Ethna Pratt (1856-1877)
Liola Menella Pratt (1858-1860)

Offspring of Elder Orson Whitley Pratt and Adelia Ann Bishop (1825-1913)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Milando Merrill Pratt (1848-1930)
Vianna Merrill Pratt (1851-1936)
Oradine Merrill Pratt (1853-1872) 5 March 1853 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States 6 August 1872 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, United States Samuel Heber Kimball (1851-1943)
Lathilla Merrill Pratt (1855-1940) 19 July 1855 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah 4 November 1940 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah Joseph Smith Kimball (1851-1936)
Valton Merrill Pratt (1860-1940)

Offspring of Elder Orson Whitley Pratt and Mary Ann Merrill (1819-1903)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Lucy Adelia Bishop Pratt (1847-1916)
Elzina Pratt (1851-1902)
Lorum Bishop Pratt (1851-1935)
Lorus Bishop Pratt (1855-1923)
Eltha Bishop Pratt (1858-1928)
Orthena Bishop Pratt (1863-1936)
Pearl Pratt (1872-1954)

Offspring of Elder Orson Whitley Pratt and Marian Agnes Ross (1829-1901)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Marian Agnes Ross Pratt (1853-1853)
Larinda Maressa Ross Pratt (1855-1918)
Milson Ross PRatt (1859-1936)
Irintha Ross Pratt (1862-1941)
Ray Ross Pratt (1871-1945)
Ruby Ross Pratt (1874-1948)

Offspring of Elder Orson Whitley Pratt and Sarah Louisa Lewis (1831-1855)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Willow Lewis Pratt (1854-1854)

Offspring of Elder Orson Whitley Pratt and Juliett Ann Phelps (1839-1919)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Alva Phelps Pratt (1859-1906)
Clomentia Phelps Pratt (1861-1941)
Ortherus Phelps Pratt (1863-1957)
Margaret Phelps Pratt (1868-1951)
Rella Phelps Pratt (1872-1954)
Neva Phelps Pratt (1874-1957)
Julius Phelps Pratt (1877-1947)

Offspring of Elder Orson Whitley Pratt and Eliza Crooks (1829-1869)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Levius Crooks Pratt (1858-1862)
Dora Crooks Pratt (1860-1939) 23 March 1860 Pine Canyon, Utah, United States 25 April 1939 Salt Lake City, Utah, United States Willard Snow (1853-1936)
Jared Crooks Pratt (1862-1877)
Onthew Crooks Pratt (1864-1864)
Samuel Crooks Pratt (1868-1888)

Offspring of Elder Orson Whitley Pratt and Mary Margaret Graham (1852-1907)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Orlon Graham Pratt (1869-1932)
Pearl Graham Pratt (1872-1954)


#g1: Offspring of Jared Pratt (1769-1839) and Mary Carpenter (1771-1798)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Mary Pratt (1793-1849) 10 February 1793, Canaan, Columbia County, New York 2 January 1849, Canaan, Columbia County, New York Jerome Brown (1778-1855) + Samuel Bigelow (1789-1857)
#g2: Offspring of Jared Pratt (1769-1839) and Charity Dickinson (1776-1849)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Anson Pratt (1801-1849) 9 January 1801, Canaan, Columbia County, New York 26 May 1849, Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri Sarah Barber (1803-1841)
William Dickinson Pratt (1802-1870) , ,
Parley Parker Pratt (1807-1857) 12 April 1807, Burlington, Oswego County, New York, United States 13 May 1857, Van Buren, Crawford County, Arkansas, United States
Orson Whitley Pratt (1811-1881) 19 September 1811, Hartford, Washington County, New York 3 October 1881, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah
Nelson Edmund Pratt (1815-1889) , ,

Vital Records

1870 US Federal Census

Recorded in Utah. Primarily shows household of 4th wife.

  • Orson Pratt - m/58 - b:NY
  • Delia Pratt - f/44 - b:NY ( Adelia Ann Bishop (1825-1913))
  • Lucy Pratt - f/12 - b:Nebraska
  • Zina Pratt - f/19 - b:Nebraska
  • Loran Pratt - m/17 - b:UT
  • Eloram Pratt - m/17 - b:UT
  • Louis Pratt - m/14 - b:UT
  • Eltha Pratt - f/11 - b:UT
  • Orthena Pratt - f/6 - b:UT

1880 US Federal Census

Recorded for Salt Lake City 19th Ward on 05 Jun 1880. Shows Orson and many of his family.

  • Orson Pratt - m/68 - b:NY - ocp: Historian
  • Marian R Pratt - f/49 - wife - b:Scotland
  • Lorinda Pratt - f/24 - daughter - b:Norway
  • Margaret Ross - f/55 - sister-in-law - b:Scotland (sister to Marian R Pratt)
  • Annie Alston - f/27 - boarder - b:India - ocp: Hotel Waitress.
  • Christopher Alston - m/4 - - b:UT (Son of Annie)
  • Emma Hurst - f/43 - boarder - b:UT
  • Margaret Pratt - f/28 - wife - b:Scotland
  • Orson Pratt - m/10 - son - b:UT
  • Royal Pratt - m/6 - son - b:UT
  • Waylord Weltie - m/43 - son-in-law - b:NY -ocp: Mechanic (Orson's daughter, Milson is married to Waylord Weltie and they have four children living here.)
  • Milson Weltie - f/40 - wife - b:UT
  • Roy Weltie - m/9 - son - b:UT
  • Ruby Weltie - f/6 - daughter - b:UT
  • Iaintha Weltie - f/17 - daughter - b:UT - ocp: Store Clerk
  • Samuel Weltie - m/10 - son - b:UT
  • David Ross - m/23 - other - b:UT
  • Graham Z Pratt - m/3 - son - b:UT
  • Pearl Pratt - f/8 - daughter - b:UT
  • Eliza Slade - f/25 - boarder - b:England




Footnotes (including sources)