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Oryol Oblast
Орловская област
—  Federal Subject of Russia  —

Flag

Coat of arms of Oryol Oblast
Location of Oryol Oblast in Russia
Map of Oryol Oblast
Coordinates: 52°51′N 36°26′E / 52.85, 36.433Coordinates: 52°51′N 36°26′E / 52.85, 36.433
Country Russia
Federal Subject of Russia Oryol Oblast
Federal district Central
Economic Region Central
Administrative center Oryol
Basic law Charter of Oryol Oblast
Established Sept. 27, 1937
Government
 • Type Legislature
 • Body Oryol Oblast Duma
 • Governor of Oryol Oblast Aleksandr Kozlov
Area
 • Federal Subject of Russia 24,700 km2 (9,500 sq mi)
Area rank 70
Population
 • Federal Subject of Russia 787,163
 • Rank 63
 • Urban 65.5%
 • Rural 34.5%
ISO 3166 code RU-ORL
Vehicle registration 57
Website http://www.adm.orel.ru/

Oryol Oblast (Russian: Орло́вская о́бласть, Orlovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Oryol.

It is located in the southwestern part of the Central Federal District. Kaluga and Tula Oblasts border it in the north, Bryansk Oblast is located to the west, Kursk Oblast—to the south, and Lipetsk Oblast—to the east. From north to south, it extends for more than 150 kilometres (93 mi), and from west to east—for over 200 kilometres (120 mi). It is one of the smallest Russian regions at 24,700 km2, with a population of less than one million, viz 860,000, approximately 62% of which is urban and 38%—rural.[1]

Geography[]

The oblast lies in the center of the Russian uplands within the steppe. The climate is temperate. The average January temperature is −8 °C (17.6 °F) and the average July temperature is 18 °C (64 °F). Rainfall averages 490 to 590 mm, and snow cover averages 126 days. There are 4,800 square kilometres (1,900 sq mi) of black earth soils (chernozems) in the oblast, which amounts to three-quarters of the world chernozem reserves.[1]

History[]

It was created in 1937 out of three other oblasts: Kursk Oblast, Western Oblast, and Voronezh Oblast. It also included present Bryansk Oblast between 1937-1944.

Administrative divisions[]

Oryol Oblast is divided into 24 rayons (districts) and 3 urban okrugs (circles). Together they include 7 towns, 13 urban-type settlements, and 223 selsoviets.

Urban Okrugs (Circles)

Coat of Arms Name of
Urban okrug
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011).
Population
Rank
I Coat of Arms of Livny (Oryol oblast).png Livny 32.1 50 430 2
II Coat of Arms of Mtsensk (Oryol oblast) (1781).png Mtsensk 20.8 43 216 3
III Coat of Arms of Oryol (Oryol oblast) (1781).png Oryol 127.8 317 854 1





Relief Map of Orlovskaya Oblast.png

Bolkhovskii rayon coa.gif
Bolkhov
Verhovskii rayon coa.gif
Verkhovie
Glazunovskii rayon coa.gifGlazunovka
Dolzhanskii rayon coa.gif
Dolgoye
Zalegoschinskii rayon coa.gifZalegoshch
Znamenskii rayon coa.gif
Znamenskoye
Gerb-Kolpnyansky-region.gif
Kolpnyi
Korsakovskiy rayon coa.gifKorsakovo
Krasnizorenskii rayon coa.gifKrasnaya
Zarya
Kromskoi rayon coa.gif Kromy
Coat of Arms of Livny rayon (Oryol oblast).png
Livny
Coat of Arms of Maloarkhangelsk (Oryol oblast) (1781).png
Malo-
arkhangelsk
Mcenskii rayon coa.gifMtsensk
Novoderevenkovsk
Coat of arms of Novosilsky rayon (Oryol oblast).png Novosil
Orlovskii rayon coa.gifOryol
Pokrovskii rayon coa.gifPokrovskoye
Sverdlovski rayon coa.gifSverdlovsk
Soskovo
Trosna
Uritsk
Khotynets
Shablykino


Rayons (Districts):

Coat of Arms Name of rayon Area
(km²)
Area
rank
Population
'000 (2010)
Population
rank
Аdministrative
center
Population
'000 (2010)
1 Bolkhovskii rayon coa.gif Bolkhov Rayon 1182.2 6 19,631 6 Bolkhov 11,421
2 Verhovskii rayon coa.gif Verkhovie Rayon 1072.4 9 20,022 4 Verkhovie 8,431
3 Glazunovskii rayon coa.gif Glazunovka Rayon 580.9 24 13,706 12 Glazunovka 6,373
4 Coat of Arms of Dmitrovsk-Olgovsky (Oryol oblast).png Dmitrovsk Rayon 1249.8 5 13,634 13 Dmitrovsk 5,959
5 Dolzhanskii rayon coa.gif Dolgoye Rayon 908.4 13 12,530 15 Dolgoye 4,642
6 Zalegoschinskii rayon coa.gif Zalegoshch Rayon 1138.0 8 16,510 10 Zalegoshch 5,448
7 Znamenskii rayon coa.gif Znamenskoye Rayon 817.1 16 5,835 23 Znamenskoye 1,976
8 Gerb-Kolpnyansky-region.gif Kolpnyi Rayon 1176.7 7 16,827 9 Kolpnyi 7,182
9 Korsakovskiy rayon coa.gif Korsakovo Rayon 690.9 21 5,230 24 Korsakovo 1,485
10 Krasnizorenskii rayon coa.gif Krasnaya Zarya 650.0 22 7,677 21 Krasnaya Zarya 1,826
11 Kromskoi rayon coa.gif Kromy Rayon 969.0 12 23,040 3 Kromy 7,070
12 Coat of Arms of Livny rayon (Oryol oblast).png Livny Rayon 1806.3 1 33,070 2 Livny -
13 Coat of Arms of Maloarkhangelsk (Oryol oblast) (1781).png Maloarkhangelsk Rayon 754.0 20 12,221 16 Maloarkhangelsk 3,872
14 Mcenskii rayon coa.gif Mtsensk Rayon 1655.8 3 18,653 7 Mtsensk -
15 Novoderevenkovskii rayon coa.gif Novoderevenkovsk Rayon 1024.9 11 12,632 14 Khomutovo 4,742
16 Coat of arms of Novosilsky rayon (Oryol oblast).png Novosil Rayon 778.3 18 9,544 19 Novosil 3,799
17 Orlovskii rayon coa.gif Oryol Rayon 1701.5 2 67,327 1 Oryol -
18 Pokrovskii rayon coa.gif Pokrovskoye Rayon 1411.0 4 16,396 11 Pokrovskoye 4,528
19 Sverdlovski rayon coa.gif Sverdlovsk Rayon 1061.5 10 17,626 8 Zmiyovka 5,747
20 Soskovski rayon coa.gif Soskovo Rayon 611.6 23 7,372 22 Soskovo 2,122
21 Trosnianskii rayon coa.gif Trosna Rayon 769.7 19 11,337 18 Trosna 2,662
22 Uritskii rayon coa.gif Uritsk Rayon 838.4 15 19,981 5 Naryshkino 9,591
23 Khotynets rayon coa n18910.jpg Khotynets Rayon 791.3 17 11,809 17 Khotynets 4,404
24 Shablykinskii rayon coa.gif Shablykino 845.9 14 7,716 20 Shablykino 3,358

Economy[]

The main industries in Orel Region are the food and light industries, engineering and metalworking, and ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy. The engineering and metalworking industries manufacture production equipment for various industries, forklift trucks, construction and agricultural equipment, and machinery for municipal services. Numerous companies in the instrument-making and electronics sectors maintain high scientific and technical potential with the latest high-end technologies and experienced specialists.[2]

Agriculture[]

Most of the Oblast's agricultural land is used for plant cultivation. Grain growing is very important, with winter wheat and rye being the main crops. Buckwheat, oats, barley, and potatoes are also grown, and sugar beets are in great demand. The area planted in feed grains is increasing due to the expansion of livestock farming, which includes beef and dairy cattle farming, pig farming, sheep farming for meat and wool, poultry farming, and horse breeding.[3]

Demographics[]

2008
  • Births: 8,345 (10.2 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 14,116 (17.3 per 1000)[4]

References[]

External links[]

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