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Oxford County, Maine
RumfordME StrathglassBuilding.jpg
Strathglass Building at Rumford, Maine.
Map of Maine highlighting Oxford County
Location in the state of Maine
Map of the U.S. highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Founded 1805
Seat Paris
Largest town Rumford
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,176 sq mi (5,636 km²)
2,077 sq mi (5,379 km²)
99 sq mi (256 km²), 4.5%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

57,777
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.oxfordcounty.org

Oxford County is a county in the state of Maine, United States. As of the 2020 Census, the county had a population of 57,777.[1] Its county seat is the town of Paris.[2] The county was formed on March 4, 1805, by the Massachusetts General Court in the Maine District from northerly portions of York and Cumberland counties. It borders the Canadian province of Quebec.

Part of Oxford County is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area while a different part of Oxford County is included in the Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area.

Geography[]

Typical fall landscape in Oxford County, ME.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,176 square miles (5,640 km2), of which 2,077 square miles (5,380 km2) is land and 99 square miles (260 km2) (4.5%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties and municipalities[]

National protected areas[]

  • Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • White Mountain National Forest (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 17,630
1820 27,104 53.7%
1830 35,219 29.9%
1840 38,351 8.9%
1850 39,763 3.7%
1860 36,698 −7.7%
1870 33,488 −8.7%
1880 32,627 −2.6%
1890 30,586 −6.3%
1900 32,238 5.4%
1910 36,256 12.5%
1920 37,700 4.0%
1930 41,483 10.0%
1940 42,662 2.8%
1950 44,221 3.7%
1960 44,345 0.3%
1970 43,457 −2.0%
1980 48,968 12.7%
1990 52,602 7.4%
2000 54,755 4.1%
2010 57,833 5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790–1960[5] 1900–1990[6]
1990–2000[7] 2010–2020[8] 2018[9]

Ancestries[]

As of 2015, the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Oxford County, Maine were:[10]

Largest ancestries (2015) Percent
English England 22.6%
French France
or French Canadian
20.9%
Irish Republic of Ireland 15.7%
"American" United States 8.9%
German Germany 6.5%
Scottish Scotland 5.6%
Italian Italy 4.9%
Polish Poland 1.9%

2000 census[]

At the 2000 census there were 54,755 people, 22,314 households, and 15,173 families living in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 32,295 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.25% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.6% were of English, 13.9% French, 13.7% United States or American, 10.1% Irish and 8.4% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.9% spoke English and 2.6% French as their first language.[11] Of the 22,314 households 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 25.60% of households were one person and 11.00% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.87.

The age distribution was 24.20% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median household income was $33,435 and the median family income was $39,794. Males had a median income of $30,641 versus $21,233 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,945. About 8.30% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

At the 2010 census, there were 57,833 people, 24,300 households, and 15,781 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 27.8 inhabitants per square mile (10.7 /km2). There were 36,055 housing units at an average density of 17.4 per square mile (6.7 /km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 23.6% were English, 14.8% were Irish, 8.2% were American, 6.4% were German, and 5.6% were French Canadian.[14]

Of the 24,300 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, and 27.1% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 44.6 years.[12]

The median household income was $39,748 and the median family income was $48,000. Males had a median income of $37,892 versus $30,187 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,254. About 9.6% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics[]

Voter registration[]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of May 2019 [16]
Template:Party color cell Unenrolled 18,209 40.93%
Template:Party color cell Republican 12,285 27.62%
Template:Party color cell Democratic 11,833 26.6%
Template:Party color cell Green Independent 2,147 4.83%
Template:Party color cell Libertarian 10 0.02%
Total 44,485 100%

From 1880 to 1988, Oxford County was dominated by the Republican Party in presidential elections, only failing to back a Republican candidate in 1912, 1964, and 1968. The county flipped in 1992 to become consistently Democratic like the rest of Maine, staying that way until 2012. However, it made a 27.8 point swing[17] (the largest statewide) to back Republican Donald Trump in 2016 as he won Maine's second congressional district containing the county.

United States presidential election results for Oxford County, Maine[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 17,698 52.84% 14,755 44.06% 1,039 3.10%
2016 16,210 51.95% 12,172 39.01% 2,819 9.03%
2012 11,996 40.77% 16,330 55.51% 1,094 3.72%
2008 12,863 40.64% 17,940 56.68% 847 2.68%
2004 14,196 45.00% 16,618 52.68% 732 2.32%
2000 11,835 43.05% 13,649 49.65% 2,009 7.31%
1996 7,238 27.74% 13,580 52.05% 5,273 20.21%
1992 8,194 27.91% 11,202 38.16% 9,960 33.93%
1988 13,568 55.91% 10,523 43.37% 175 0.72%
1984 15,408 64.34% 8,430 35.20% 110 0.46%
1980 11,041 47.04% 9,914 42.23% 2,519 10.73%
1976 10,551 49.04% 10,340 48.06% 625 2.90%
1972 12,114 64.36% 6,661 35.39% 48 0.26%
1968 8,030 41.66% 10,870 56.39% 375 1.95%
1964 5,340 28.14% 13,616 71.76% 19 0.10%
1960 11,715 56.69% 8,951 43.31% 0 0.00%
1956 12,607 73.04% 4,653 26.96% 0 0.00%
1952 11,575 66.62% 5,757 33.13% 43 0.25%
1948 7,444 58.24% 5,183 40.55% 155 1.21%
1944 8,053 55.76% 6,377 44.16% 12 0.08%
1940 8,656 53.49% 7,502 46.36% 25 0.15%
1936 8,778 57.13% 5,836 37.98% 752 4.89%
1932 8,264 52.73% 7,179 45.80% 230 1.47%
1928 9,409 69.75% 4,015 29.76% 66 0.49%
1924 7,062 69.90% 2,563 25.37% 478 4.73%
1920 7,301 64.59% 3,906 34.55% 97 0.86%
1916 4,026 51.73% 3,625 46.58% 131 1.68%
1912 1,234 16.69% 2,941 39.79% 3,217 43.52%
1908 4,179 64.53% 2,093 32.32% 204 3.15%
1904 3,883 69.31% 1,565 27.94% 154 2.75%
1900 3,912 64.19% 2,023 33.20% 159 2.61%
1896 4,779 71.52% 1,677 25.10% 226 3.38%
1892 3,520 56.12% 2,491 39.72% 261 4.16%
1888 4,349 57.82% 2,951 39.24% 221 2.94%
1884 4,222 53.72% 2,899 36.89% 738 9.39%
1880 4,354 50.75% 3,969 46.26% 257 3.00%



Recreation[]

Oxford County is home to many summer camps. Some of these camps are Camp Wekeela, Kamp Kohut, Camp Wyonegonic, Forest Acres Camp for Girls and Maine Teen Camp.

Communities[]

Spruce Mountain Wind Farm is one of three wind farms in Oxford County, ME.

Towns[]

  • Andover
  • Bethel
  • Brownfield
  • Buckfield
  • Byron
  • Canton
  • Denmark
  • Dixfield
  • Fryeburg
  • Gilead
  • Greenwood
  • Hanover
  • Hartford
  • Hebron
  • Hiram
  • Lincoln Plantation
  • Lovell
  • Mexico
  • Newry
  • Norway
  • Otisfield
  • Oxford
  • Paris (county seat)
  • Peru
  • Porter
  • Roxbury
  • Rumford
  • Stoneham
  • Stow
  • Sumner
  • Sweden
  • Upton
  • Waterford
  • West Paris
  • Woodstock

Unorganized territories[]

  • North Oxford
  • South Oxford
  • Milton Plantation
  • Magalloway Plantation

Census-designated places[]

  • Bethel
  • Dixfield
  • Fryeburg
  • Kezar Falls
  • Mexico
  • Norway
  • Oxford
  • Rumford
  • South Paris

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Center Lovell
  • Dickvale
  • North Waterford
  • Waterford Flat

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Oxford County, Maine

References[]

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Oxford County, Maine". United States Census Bureau. https://data.census.gov/cedsci/profile?g=0500000US23017. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_23.txt. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/me190090.txt. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  8. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23017.html. 
  9. ^ "QuickFacts. Oxford County, Maine.". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/oxfordcountymaine/PST045218. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_5YR/DP02/0500000US23017. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US23017. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US23017. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US23017. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US23017. 
  16. ^ Bureau of Corporations, Elections & Commissions (5 May 2019). "Registered & Enrolled Voters - Statewide". Department of the Secretary of State, State of Maine. p. 19. https://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/data/data-pdf/r-e-active.pdf. 
  17. ^ "Here's a map of the US counties that flipped to Trump from Democrats". https://www.cnbc.com/heres-a-map-of-the-us-counties-that-flipped-to-trump-from-democrats/. 
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

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Coordinates: 44°29′N 70°46′W / 44.49, -70.76


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Oxford County, Maine. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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