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Palamu district
पलामू जिला
—  District of Jharkhand  —
Location of Palamu district in Jharkhand
Country India
State Jharkhand
Administrative division Palamu
Headquarters Daltonganj
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Palamu, 2. Chatra (shared with Chatra district)
 • Assembly seats 5
 • Total 5,044 km2 (1,947 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,533,173
 • Density 300/km2 (790/sq mi)
 • Urban 06.44
 • Literacy 45.67%[1]
 • Sex ratio 937
Website Official website

Palamau is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]


The town is named after Colonel Dalton, Commissioner of Chhota Nagpur in 1861.


The district lies between 23°50′ and 24°8′ north latitude and between 83°55′ and 84°30′ east longitude. It is bordered on the north by Son and Bihar rivers, on the east by the Chatra and Hazaribagh districts, on the south by Latehar District and on the west by Garhwa District.

The district covers an area of 5043.8 km² and has a population of 1,533,176. Daltonganj, situated on the North Koel river in the district headquarters.


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Palamu one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]


According to the 2011 census Palamu district has a population of 1,936,319 ,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho[5] or the US state of West Virginia.[6] This gives it a ranking of 243rd in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 381 inhabitants per square kilometre (990 /sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.94 %.[4] Palamu has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 65.5 %.[4]


Languages spoken here include Asuri, an Austro-Asiatic language spoken by approximately 17 000 in India, largely in the southern part of Palamu;[7] and Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Bihari language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.[8]

Flora and fauna[]

World's first tiger-census was done in the Palamau forests in the year 1932. Counting was based on pugmarks. There were around 44 tigers when the last census was done. There are several other wildlife found in the sanctuary — chital, chinkara, common langur, dhole (wild dogs), elephants, gaur, hares, Indian porcupine, nilgai, monkey, mouse deer, leopard, pangolin, panther, sambar (deer), sloth bear, wild boar and wolves. Peafowl, red junglefowl and partridges are the common birds found here.

The tourists can drive through dense patches of sal and bamboo in the park. A guide and jeep can be hired from the forest department. Watch towers are there to observe the wildlife in relative safety.There are tree houses which can be rented out for stay and food arrangement is also catered for.


  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Lesotho 1,924,886" 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "West Virginia 1,852,994" 
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Asuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  8. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links[]

Official district government website

Template:Blocks of Palamu district Template:Palamu Division Template:Palamu Division topics

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Palamu district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.