|- Town -|
View of Pereslavl-Zalessky
|Administrative status (as of December 2011)|
|Federal subject||Yaroslavl Oblast|
|Administratively subordinated to||town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky|
|Administrative center of||Pereslavsky District, town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky|
|Municipal status (as of December 2011)|
|Urban okrug||Pereslavl-Zalessky Urban Okrug|
|Administrative center of||Pereslavl-Zalessky Urban Okrug, Pereslavsky Municipal Rayon|
|Population (2010 Census)||41,925 inhabitants|
|Time zone||MSK (UTC+04:00)|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 48535|
Pereslavl-Zalessky (Russian: Переславль-Залесский, IPA: [pʲɪrʲɪˈslavlʲ zɐˈlʲeskʲɪj], lit. Pereslavl, which is located behind the woods), also known as Pereyaslavl-Zalessky, is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located 140 kilometers (87 mi) northeast of Moscow on the main Moscow–Yaroslavl road and on the southeastern shore of Lake Pleshcheyevo at the mouth of the Trubezh River. Population: 41,925 (2010 Census); 43,379 (2002 Census); 42,331 (1989 Census).
Known as Pereyaslavl until the 15th century, it was founded in 1152 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky as a projected capital of Zalesye. In 1175–1302, the town was the center of the Principality of Pereyaslavl. In 1302, the town became a part of the Grand Principality of Moscow. Pereslavl-Zalessky had been devastated numerous times by the Mongols between the mid-13th century and the early 15th century. In 1611–1612, it suffered from the Polish invasion.
In 1688–1693, Peter the Great built his famous "fun flotilla" on Lake Pleshcheyevo for his own amusement, including the so-called Peter's little boat, which would be considered the forefather of the Russian fleet. The Botik (small boat) museum chronicles the history of the first Russian fleet and keeps one of the original model boats.
In 1708, the town became a part of Moscow Governorate.
Administrative and municipal status
Within the framework of administrative divisions, Pereslavl-Zalessky serves as the administrative center of Pereslavl Rayon, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the rayons. As a municipal division, the town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky is incorporated as Pereslavl-Zalessky Urban Okrug.
There is Institute for Program Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the town. The University of Pereslavl is also based in the town.
Sights and architecture
Pereslavl-Zalessky is known for its historic buildings, including:
- the white stone Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral (1152–1157);
- Church of Metropolitan Peter (1585);
- Troitse-Danilov Monastery (16th–18th centuries);
- Nikitsky Monastery (16th–19th centuries);
- Feodorovsky Monastery (16th–19th centuries);
- Goritsky Monastery (17th–18th centuries).
Monuments of church architecture: six architecture complex convents and nine churches. In center of town remained swell surrounding historical center of the town. Along Trubezh River extend the fish suburb.
- Museum and exhibits
- Museum-Preserve of Pereslavl-Zalessky (in Goritsky monastery)
- Museum–Estate "The Little Boat of Peter the Great"
- The Pereslavl Arboretum
- Museum of Flat Irons
- The Museum of Kettles
- The Museum of Steam Engines
At a distance of two kilometers from town there is archaeological monument Kleshin complex.
The town is a part of the Golden Ring of Russia.
- Alexander Nevsky, prince
- Dmitry Kardovsky, artist
- Mikhail Koshkin, designer of the T-34 tank
- Leonid Kurchevsky, weapon engineer
- Nikita Stylites, saint
- ^ a b c d e f g Law #12-z
- ^ a b c Law #65-z
- ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
- ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- (Russian) Pereslavl-Zalessky. Materials for the History of the 17th and 18th centuries (1884) (Переславль-Залесский. Материалы для истории города XVII и XVIII столетий) at Runivers.ru in DjVu and PDF formats
- Official website of Pereslavl-Zalessky (Russian)
- Audio guide to Pereslavl-Zalessky tourismpereslavl.ru
- Guide to Pereslavl
- Peter the Great's small boats (PDF)
- Railway museum at Pereslavl-Zalessky (narrow gauge)
- Lakeside idylls at Pereslavl-Zalessky
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Pereslavl-Zalessky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|