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Perry County, Ohio
Perry County Courthouse in New Lexington from southwest.jpg
Perry County Courthouse
Seal of Perry County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Perry County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1818[1]
Named for Oliver Hazard Perry
Seat New Lexington
Largest City New Lexington
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

412 sq mi (1,067 km²)
408 sq mi (1,057 km²)
4.5 sq mi (12 km²), 1.1%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

35,408
auto/sq mi (Expression error: Unrecognized word "auto"./km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://www.perrycountyohio.net/

Perry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 35,408.[2] Its county seat is New Lexington.[3] Founded on March 1, 1818, from parts of Fairfield, Washington and Muskingum counties, it was the 55th county to be formed in Ohio. The county is named for Oliver Hazard Perry, a hero of the War of 1812.[4]

Perry County is included in the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

One of the poorest counties in the state, this is where the lawsuit challenging Ohio's school funding system, DeRolph v. State, began.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 412 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 4.5 square miles (12 km2) (1.1%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Wayne National Forest (part)

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 8,429
1830 13,970 65.7%
1840 19,344 38.5%
1850 20,775 7.4%
1860 19,678 −5.3%
1870 18,453 −6.2%
1880 28,218 52.9%
1890 31,151 10.4%
1900 31,841 2.2%
1910 35,396 11.2%
1920 36,098 2.0%
1930 31,445 −12.9%
1940 31,087 −1.1%
1950 28,999 −6.7%
1960 27,864 −3.9%
1970 27,434 −1.5%
1980 31,032 13.1%
1990 31,557 1.7%
2000 34,078 8.0%
2010 36,058 5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2020 [10]

2000 census[]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 34,078 people, 12,500 households, and 9,350 families living in the county. The population density was 83 people per square mile (32/km2). There were 13,655 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.54% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,500 households, out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.1% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,383, and the median income for a family was $40,294. Males had a median income of $31,664 versus $21,147 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,674. About 9.4% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,058 people, 13,576 households, and 9,738 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 88.4 inhabitants per square mile (34.1 /km2). There were 15,211 housing units at an average density of 37.3 per square mile (14.4 /km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.5% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 25.4% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 10.4% were English, and 9.6% were American.[14]

Of the 13,576 households, 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families, and 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 38.6 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,388 and the median income for a family was $50,489. Males had a median income of $39,305 versus $31,112 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,916. About 14.2% of families and 18.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics[]

Perry County tended to be a swing county prior to 2016. Bill Clinton was the last Democrat to win this county, a distinction shared with 16 other Ohio counties, in 1996. In 2020, Trump won the largest percentage of votes in the county of any Republican nominee since the party's founding.

United States presidential election results for Perry County, Ohio[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 12,357 74.10% 4,098 24.57% 221 1.33%
2016 10,228 67.73% 4,138 27.40% 735 4.87%
2012 7,627 50.78% 7,033 46.82% 360 2.40%
2008 7,721 50.02% 7,261 47.04% 455 2.95%
2004 7,856 51.72% 7,257 47.78% 76 0.50%
2000 6,440 50.20% 5,895 45.95% 493 3.84%
1996 4,606 37.00% 5,819 46.75% 2,022 16.24%
1992 4,712 34.78% 4,972 36.70% 3,863 28.52%
1988 6,602 56.28% 5,011 42.72% 118 1.01%
1984 7,548 65.09% 3,961 34.16% 88 0.76%
1980 5,725 53.77% 4,383 41.16% 540 5.07%
1976 5,637 46.44% 6,268 51.64% 233 1.92%
1972 6,716 62.13% 3,728 34.49% 365 3.38%
1968 4,815 44.96% 4,811 44.92% 1,084 10.12%
1964 3,895 33.26% 7,816 66.74% 0 0.00%
1960 7,658 59.60% 5,191 40.40% 0 0.00%
1956 7,511 64.56% 4,123 35.44% 0 0.00%
1952 7,425 58.46% 5,275 41.54% 0 0.00%
1948 5,692 51.78% 5,264 47.89% 36 0.33%
1944 7,339 59.24% 5,050 40.76% 0 0.00%
1940 8,656 55.46% 6,953 44.54% 0 0.00%
1936 6,826 43.24% 8,508 53.90% 451 2.86%
1932 7,225 49.34% 6,714 45.85% 704 4.81%
1928 8,551 64.39% 4,653 35.04% 75 0.56%
1924 7,592 58.11% 3,702 28.34% 1,771 13.56%
1920 7,685 54.82% 5,917 42.21% 416 2.97%
1916 3,953 47.85% 3,860 46.73% 448 5.42%
1912 1,739 21.60% 3,147 39.08% 3,166 39.32%
1908 4,304 49.48% 3,885 44.67% 509 5.85%
1904 4,883 60.32% 2,846 35.16% 366 4.52%
1900 4,180 52.59% 3,599 45.28% 170 2.14%
1896 3,989 48.63% 4,112 50.13% 102 1.24%
1892 3,359 47.11% 3,430 48.11% 341 4.78%
1888 3,528 49.16% 3,474 48.40% 175 2.44%
1884 3,222 48.19% 3,114 46.57% 350 5.23%
1880 2,676 42.84% 3,187 51.02% 384 6.15%
1876 2,084 40.22% 2,810 54.24% 287 5.54%
1872 1,907 46.67% 2,172 53.16% 7 0.17%
1868 1,725 46.48% 1,986 53.52% 0 0.00%
1864 1,824 49.52% 1,859 50.48% 0 0.00%
1860 1,605 43.51% 1,950 52.86% 134 3.63%
1856 1,385 37.19% 1,847 49.60% 492 13.21%



Communities[]

Map of Perry County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Villages[]

  • Corning
  • Crooksville
  • Glenford
  • Hemlock
  • Junction City
  • New Lexington (county seat)
  • New Straitsville
  • Rendville
  • Roseville (partial)
  • Shawnee
  • Somerset (former county seat)
  • Thornville

Townships[]

  • Bearfield
  • Clayton
  • Coal
  • Harrison
  • Hopewell
  • Jackson
  • Madison
  • Monday Creek
  • Monroe
  • Pike
  • Pleasant
  • Reading
  • Salt Lick
  • Thorn

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated places[]

  • Rose Farm
  • Thornport

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Bristol
  • Buckingham
  • Chalfants
  • Chapel Hill
  • Clarksville
  • Crossenville
  • Glass Rock
  • McCuneville
  • McLuney
  • Millertown
  • Milligan
  • Mount Perry
  • Moxahala
  • New Reading
  • Oakfield
  • Portersville, Ohio
  • Rehoboth
  • Saltillo
  • Sego
  • Sulphur Springs
  • Whipstown

Ghost towns[]

  • Dicksonton
  • San Toy

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Perry County, Ohio

Media

  • Perry County has its own newspaper called the Perry County Tribune.

External links[]

Footnotes[]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Perry County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. http://www.odod.state.oh.us/research/FILES/S0/Perry.pdf. 
  2. ^ 2020 census
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  4. ^ "Perry County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39127&sid=0. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_39.txt. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/oh190090.txt. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  10. ^ 2020 census
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US39127. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US39127. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US39127. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US39127. 
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

Further reading[]

  • Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1928.

Coordinates: 39°44′N 82°14′W / 39.74, -82.24

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