Peter Buchanan, Jr. was born 14 January 1798 in Cambridge, Washington County, New York, United States to Peter Buchanan (1766-1840) and Hannah Bloomer (1771-1814) and died after 1866 of unspecified causes. He married Anna Mathews (1803-1891) 1823 in Ellery, Chautauqua County, New York, United States.

Religious Awakening (LDS)

Early missionaries of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

1830 edition of the Book of Mormon.

The 1830's saw a great Protestant religious revival sweep across the United States that was called the "Second Great Awakening" and was characterized by much emotional preaching, spiritual and social reform movements and a surge in membership growth for a great many Christian denominations.

This period also saw the rise of a new Church of Christ that was organized in early 1830 by its young prophet-leader, Joseph Smith (1805-1844), and after 1838 was formally named The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. This church group was frequently called the "Mormon Church" or "Latter-day Saints" (LDS) for its belief in a new set of holy scriptures called "The Book of Mormon". For better or worse, this new religion generated a lot of attention in this region.

Missionaries of this church taught that it was not a reform movement or protest movement but a "restoration" of the original church with completeness of the full of doctrine of the gospel of Jesus Christ including the ministering of angels, the restored priesthood, lost scripture, revelations, prophecy, living apostles, the gifts of the spirit and much more. This message had profound impact on many who subsequently left all to follow the Prophet and the Church. In many cases their faith was so strong as to push these early converts to endure many difficult hardships and sacrifices and to eventually journey over a thousand miles westward to settle in the Great Salt Lake Valley. (See also New Religion (LDS 1830).)[1][2]

He was baptized in or before 1834 for in that year he accompanied the Prophet Joseph Smith on the trek to Missouri in Zions Camp. Peter Buchannan was named to the First Quorum of the Seventy February 1835, and thereby comes to be enumerated with the General Authorities.

Although we find no record of his trek west, it seems likely that he accompanied the saints to the Great Basin, for his wife and at least two of his children died in Utah. There is no trace of Peter after the family reunion circa 1864-1866, whether even if he stayed in Utah or not.

Zions Camp Participant


One of the most interesting episodes in the early history of LDS Church was the march of Zion's Camp (1834). The members of the Church in Missouri were being persecuted, and the Prophet Joseph made it a matter of prayer and received a revelation on February 24, 1834. The Lord instructed the Prophet to assemble at least one hundred young and middle-aged men and to go to the land of Zion, or Missouri. (See D&C 130:19–34.)

Zion’s Camp, a group of approximately one hundred and fifty men, gathered at Kirtland, Ohio, in the spring of 1834 and marched to Jackson County, Missouri. By the time they reached Missouri, the camp had increased to approximately two hundred men.[3]

LDS Quorum of Seventy


Created by the Mormon Prophet Joseph Smith (1805-1844) in early 1835, the Quorum of Seventy was to act as traveling and presiding ministers for the newly created The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Many of these men performed notable works for the early church, living near then church headquarters in Kirtland, Ohio. The Quorum of Seventy itself did not meet as a governing body of the church and was not renewed until reorganized by the church in 1976.

Eliza Jane Buchanan History

Story Excerpts. Peter Buchanan, Jr., not satisfied with religion, was introduced into the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in its early days, the early 1830s. For by 1834 he was a participant of Zion's Camp (1834) and the following year one of the original members of the First Quorum of Seventy at which time they moved from Kirtland, Ohio to Cleveland, Ohio where he rented a farm. They remained on this farm a few years before moving to Des Moines, Iowa where they rented another farm on banks of the Des Moines River.

They now moved to what Mother called Garden Grove (Iowa). Here their preparations for the journey across the plains began in the late spring of 1851. Their captain’s name was Walton. Grandfather had not yet caught up to them as so Grandmother, her two sons and three daughters were all on their way to the “Valley of the Mountains.” One of her sons had joined a company of gold diggers and was bound for California. His mother, nor his brothers and sisters never seen him again. His father located him years after, and talked to him, but he did not care to come to Utah.

Mother and the children were in the Walton wagon train (1851) and eventually the family settled in Utah County, Utah. Mother (Ann) went to work for Stephen Markham and became one of his plural wives in 1852 because she had thought Peter had been lost and died.

Father Peter Buchanan came to Utah and was sent on down to Spanish Fork. It had been about fifteen years (circa 1866) since the family had left Council Bluffs and Grandmother always felt he was dead. He found his wife married to another man and of course this was a great blow to him. He stayed there and lived with my mother and Aunt Hannah for some time and then decided to go away. He was still firm in his belief that Joseph Smith’s church was the right one.


Offspring of Peter Buchanan, Jr. and Anna Mathews (1803-1891)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Mehitable Buchanan (1824-1826)
German Buchanan (1826-1900)
Jesse Buchanan (1828-)
Benjamin Mathews Buchanan (1830-1891)
Hannah Ann Buchanan (1833-1868)
Eliza Jane Buchanan (1836-1922)
Lucy Ellen Buchanan (1843-1853)

  1. Mehitable Buchanan (1824-1826) - died young
  2. German Buchanan (1826-1900) - settled in Utah
  3. Jesse Buchanan (1828-) - died young?
  4. Benjamin Mathews Buchanan (1830-1891) - traveled to California?
  5. Hannah Ann Buchanan (1833-1868) - ???
  6. Eliza Jane Buchanan (1836-1922) - settled in Utah
  7. Lucy Ellen Buchanan (1843-1853) - settled in Utah


Offspring of Peter Buchanan (1766-1840) and Hannah Bloomer (1771-1814)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Rachel Buchanan (1793-)
Nancy Buchanan (1795-)
Peter Buchanan (1798-aft1866) 14 January 1798 Cambridge, Washington County, New York, United States 1866 Anna Mathews (1803-1891)
Margaret Buchanan (1799-)
Abigail Buchanan (1801-)
Thomas Buchanan (1803-1886)
William Buchanan (1803-)

Research Notes

1850 US Census

Taken at District 14, Decatur County, Iowa

  • Peter Buchanan (53)
  • Hanna Buchanan (47)
  • German Buchanan (23)
  • Benjamin Buchanan (20)
  • Hanna Buchanan (17)
  • Eliza J Buchanan (13)
  • Lucy E Buchanan (7)

1851 Walton Wagon Company

It is not known why Peter joined this wagon company with his family. It is said that he still had good feelings for his wife and the church.

  • Buchanan, Anna Mathews (48)
  • Buchanan, Benjamin (20)
  • Buchanan, Eliza Jane (14)
  • Buchanan, German (25)
  • Buchanan, Hannah Ann (14)
  • Buchanan, Lucy Ellen (8)

1864 Zions Camp Festival

Peter Buchanan listed as one of the attendees at the great festival held at the Salt Lake Social Hall 10-Oct-1864 to honor the veterans of the Zions Camp.


See Also

  • Peter Buchanan
  • Buchanan in Washington County, New York
  • Peter Buchanan - Grandpa Bill's GA Pages


Footnotes (including sources)