|Pickens County, Alabama|
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 20, 1820|
890 sq mi (2,305 km²)
881 sq mi (2,282 km²)
9 sq mi (23 km²), (0.97%)
23/sq mi (9/km²)
Pickens County was established on December 20, 1820, and named for revolutionary war hero General Andrew Pickens of South Carolina. The county seat was relocated from Pickensville to Carrollton in 1830. The first courthouse in Carrollton was burned on April 5, 1865 by troops of Union General John T. Croxton. A second courthouse was also destroyed by fire on November 16, 1876. Though arson was suspected, no arrest was made until January 1878, when Henry Wells, an African American with some criminal history was arrested and locked in the garett of the new building, which had been erected in 1877. According to legend, Wells was peering down from the north garett window as a mob gathered to hang him. A bolt of lightning struck nearby and "etched" Wells' anguished face into the window glass. A vague image resembing a face can still be seen in that lower right-hand pane of that window. Also see: Pickens County Courthouse.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,305 km² (890 square miles). Nearly 2,283 km² (881 sq mi) of it is land, and 22 km² (9 sq mi) of it (0.97%) is water.
- Lamar County (north)
- Fayette County (northeast)
- Tuscaloosa County (east)
- Greene County (southeast)
- Sumter County (south)
- Noxubee County (southwest)
- Lowndes County (northwest)
As of the census² of 2000, there were 20,949 people, 8,086 households, and 5,789 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km² (24/sq mi). There were 9,520 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (11/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 55.95% White, 42.96% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Nearly 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,086 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 18.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. Nearly 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56, and the average family size was 3.11.
In the county, the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,254, and the median income for a family was $32,938. Males had a median income of $28,843 versus $20,569 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,746. About 20.10% of families and 24.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.30% of those under age 18 and 22.30% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Windham, Kathryn Tucker (1969). 13 Alabama Ghosts and Jeffrey. Strode. ISBN 0-87397-008-X. .
- Genealogical and Historical Web Site
- Pickens County map of roads/towns (map © 2007 Univ. of Alabama).
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Pickens County, Alabama. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|