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The Principality of Smolensk was a principality in the Kievan Rus', then became independent, and finallly was included in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1404 .

The first known Prince of Smolensk was Stanislav Vladimirovich , the youngest son of the Grand Prince of Kiev Vladimir Svyatoslavovich , who reigned in Smolensk during his father's life. In the 1050s, the younger sons of Yaroslav the Wise reigned in Smolensk, Yaroslav's grandson Vladimir Monomakh in the 1070s . Since the 1090s, Smolensk has become a permanent place of reign. Until 1125 (with a brief break), it was ruled by the sons of Vladimir Monomakh. In 1125 the grandson of Vladimir Monomakh Rostislav Mstislavich became the prince . He and his descendants ruled the Smolensk Principality up to the complete loss of independence by the Principality at the beginning of the 15th century.

Below is the most complete list of princes during the entire existence of the Principality of Smolensk.

Smolensk as part of Kievan Rus[]

Ruler Native name Born Reign Death Parents Consort Notes
1 c988 or c1010 - before 1015
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Stanislav Vladimirovich (c958-1015) Son of Grand Prince of Kiev Vladimir Svyatoslavich
2 1054 - 1056 / 1057
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Vyacheslav Yaroslavich (1036-1057 ) son of the Grand Prince of Kiev Yaroslav the Wise received the Principality of Smolensk after the death of his father
3 1056 / 1057 - 1060
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Igor Yaroslavich (1036-1060) son of the Grand Prince of Kiev Yaroslav the Wise Inherited Smolensk after the death of his brother Vyacheslav. Earlier: Prince of Vladimir-Volyn
Izyaslav Yaroslavich Minskizjaslav.jpg Изяслав Ярославич 1024 1060-1073 1078 Yaroslav Vladimirovich
Ingegerd Olofsdotter
Gertrude of Poland
Svyatoslav Yaroslavich 11 History Of Russia by William Tooke.jpg Святослав Ярославич 1027 1076 1. Cecilia of Dithmarschen
2. Oda von Babenberg
Vsevolod Yaroslavich Vsevolod yaroslavich.jpg Всеволод Ярославич 1030 1093 1. Anastasia Monomachos
Anna Polovetskaya
Vladimir Monomakh Vladimir-II-Vsevolodovich Monomakh.jpg Владимир Всеволодович Мономах 1053 1073—1078 1125 Vsevolod Yaroslavich
Anastasia Monomachos
Gytha of Wessex
Yefimiya
Unknown Cuman princess
Davyd Svyatoslavich Давыд Святославич c1052 1093-1094 1112 Svyatoslav Yaroslavich
Cecilia of Dithmarschen
Theodosia
5 c1094 - 1095
Mstislav I of Kiev (Tsarskiy titulyarnik).jpg
Mstislav Vladimirovich (1076-1132) Grandson of Vsevolod Yaroslavich, son of Vladimir Monomakh Received the Principality of Smolensk from his father. Earlier Prince of Novgorod and Rostov ; later - Prince of Rostov, Novgorod and Belgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev.
6 1095
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Izyaslav Vladimirovich (c1077-1096) Vsevolod Yaroslavich's grandson, son of Vladimir Monomakh transferred to Smolensk instead of Mstislav's brother ; Earlier the prince of Kursk, later - Prince of Murom
Davyd Svyatoslavich Давыд Святославич c1052 1095-1097 1112 Svyatoslav Yaroslavich
Cecilia of Dithmarschen
Theodosia
8 1097 - 1113 [1]
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Svyatoslav Vladimirovich (c1080-1114) Vsevolod Yaroslavich's grandson , son of Prince Vladimir Monomakh Later Prince of Pereyaslavl
9
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Yaropolk Vladimirovich (1082-1139) Vsevolod Yaroslavich's grandson, son of Prince Vladimir Monomakh Later Prince of Pereyaslavl , Grand Prince of Kiev
10 1113 to 1127
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Vyacheslav Vladimirovich (1083-1154) Vsevolod Yaroslavich's grandson, son of Prince Vladimir Monomakh Later, Prince of Turov, Pereyaslavl, Peresopnytsk and Vyshgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev

Dynasty of Rostislavich[]

Ruler Native name Born Reign Death Parents Consort Notes
11 1127-1159
Rostislav Mstislavich.jpg
Rostislav Mstislavich (circa 1110-1167 ) son of the Grand Prince of Kiev Mstislav Vladimirovich align=center At the same time Prince of Novgorod and Grand Prince of Kiev (1054-1055), later Grand Prince of Kiev (1159-1167)
12 1159 - 1171
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Roman Rostislavich (first reign) (c1132 - 1180 ) son of Rostislav Mstislavich later the Grand Duke of Kiev ( 1171 - 1172 )
13 1171 - 1172
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Yaropolk Romanovich (first reign) (c1156-c1182) Grandson ofRostislav Mstislavich, son of Roman Rostislavich
14 1172 - 1174
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Roman Rostislavich (second reign) (c1132-1180 ) son of Rostislav Mstislavich later the Grand Duke of Kiev ( 1174 - 1176 )
15 1174 - 1175
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Yaropolk Romanovich (second reign) (c1156-c1182) Grandson of Rostislav Mstislavich , son of Roman Rostislavich later the prince of Tripoli
16 1175 - 1176
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Mstislav Rostislavich (c1143-1180) son of Rostislav Mstislavich formerly Prince of Belgorod , later - Prince of Novgorod
17 1176 - 1180
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Roman Rostislavich (third reign) (? - 1180 ) son of Rostislav Mstislavich at the same time the prince of Novgorod
18 1180 - 1197
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Davyd Rostislavich (1140-1197) son of Rostislav Mstislavich previously Prince of Novgorod , Torzhok , Vitebsk , Vyshgorod
19 1197 - 1213 / 1214
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Mstislav Romanovich Old (? - 1223 ) Grandson of Rostislav Mstislavich, son of Roman Rostislavich Prince previously Pskovian , Belgorodsky later - great Kiev Prince ( 1213 / 1214 - 1223 )
20 1213/1214-1219
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Vladimir Ryurikovich ( 1187 - 1239 ) Rostislav Mstislavich's grandson , son of Rurik Rostislavich Earlier Prince Pereyaslavsky later - prince izruchsky , grand prince of Kiev ( 1223 - 1235 , 1235 - 1239 )
21 1219 - 1230
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Mstislav Davydovich ( 1193 - 1230 ) Rostislav Mstislavich's grandson , the son of Davyd Rostislavich
Rostislav Mstislavich Ростислав Мстиславич c1212 align=center |1230-1232 c1241 Grandson of David Rostislavich , son of Mstislav Davydovich later the Grand Duke of Kiev ( 1239 )
23 1232 - 1238 / 1239
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Svyatoslav Mstislavich (? -?) grandson of Roman Rostislavich , the son of Mstislav Romanovich Old formerly Prince of Novgorod , Polotsk
24 1238 / 1239 - 1249
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Vsevolod Mstislavich (? - 1249 ) grandson of Roman Rostislavich , the son of Mstislav Romanovich Old formerly prince of Pskov , Novgorod
Gleb Rostislavich Глеб Ростиславич c1230 1249-1278 1278 Rostislav Mstislavich
Mikhail Rostislavich Михаил Ростиславич c1231 1278- 1279 c1280 Rostislav Mstislavich Earlier Prince of Mstislavl
Fyodor Rostislavich Chyornyi
Fyodorstratelate.jpg
Фёдор Ростиславич Чёрный align=center|c1240-1297 1299 Rostislav Mstislavich At the same time the prince of Yaroslavl and Prince of Mozhaisk
28 1297 - 1313 Aleksander Glebovich (? - 1313 ) Gleb Rostislavich| align=center | Earlier the prince of Mstislavl
29 1313 - 1359
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Ivan Alexandrovich (? - 1359 ) grandson of Gleb Rostislavich , son of Alexander Glebovich
30 1359 - 1386
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Svyatoslav Ivanovich (? - 1386 ) grandson of Alexander Glebovich , son of Ivan Alexandrovich
31 1386/1387-1392
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Yuri Svyatoslavich (first reign) (? - 1407 ) grandson of Ivan Alexandrovich , son of Svyatoslav Ivanovich
32 1392 - 1395
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Gleb Svyatoslavich (c1355-1399) grandson of Ivan Alexandrovich , son of Svyatoslav Ivanovich
33 1395 - 1401
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Roman Mikhailovich Young (? - 1401 ) from Chernigov princes, nephew of Ivan Alexandrovich formerly Prince of Bryansk and Chernigov ; was put in Smolensk by the Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas as governor
34 1401 - 1404
Coat of Arms of Principality of Smolensk.png
Yuri Svyatoslavich (second reign) (? - 1407 ) grandson of Ivan Alexandrovich , son of Svyatoslav Ivanovich

Genealogical tree[]

Rostislav Mstislavich , † 1260th.
The Grand Duke of Smolensk ( 1230 - 1232 ).
├─> Gleb Rostislavich , † 1277 .
│  The Grand Duke of Smolensk ( 1249 - 1278 ).
│  ├─> Alexander Glebovich , † 1313 .
│  │ Grand Duke of Smolensk ( 1297 - 1313 ).
│  │  ├─> Ivan Aleksandrovich , † 1359 .
│  │  │ Grand Duke of Smolensk ( 1356 - 1359 ).
│  │  │  ├─> Svyatoslav Ivanovich , † battle on Vehra  on April 29,  1386 .
│  │  │  │ The Grand Duke of Smolensk ( 1359 - 1386 ).
│  │  │  │  ├─>Gleb Svyatoslavovich , † Battle of Vorskla  on August 12,  1399 .
│  │  │  │  │ Grand Duke of Smolensk ( 1392 - 1395 ).
│  │  │  │  │  └─> Dmitry Glebovich, † after 1433 .
│  │  │  │  │     ├─>Ivan Dmitrievich "Manka"
│  │  │  │  │     │  ├─>Mikhail Ivanovich "Manchich", † before 1528 .
│  │  │  │  │  │  │ x1 N.
│  │  │  │  │  │  │ x2 princess Anna Mikhailovna Moshkovskaya .
│  │  │  │  │  │  │ └─ > Descendants - princes Zhizhemskie .
│  │  │  │  │     │  └─>Ivan Ivanovich "Manchich"
│  │  │  │  │        Childless.
│  │  │  │  │     └─>Ivan Dmitrievich "Shah"
│  │  │  │  │        ├─>Andrei Ivanovich Shahovich
│  │  │  │  │        │  └─>Descendants - princes Solomeretskie .
│  │  │  │  │        └─> Yuri Ivanovich "Korkodyn"
│  │  │  │  │           └─> Descendants - the princes of Corkodin .
│  │  │  │  ├─>Yuri Svyatoslavovich , † September 14,  1407 .
│  │  │  │  │ Grand Duke of Smolensk ( 1386 - 1392 , again 1401 - 1404 ).
│  │  │  │  │  х daughter of Prince Oleg Ivanovich Ryazan .
│  │  │  │  │  ├─>Fyodor, † 1420 .
│  │  │  │  │  │ Mentioned in 1404 . Vicar of Porkhov (1412).
│  │  │  │  │  └─>Anastasia
│  │  │  │  │    х 1400 Yury Dmitrievich Prince of Zvenigorod-Galitsky.
│  │  │  │  ├─>Aleksandr Svyatoslavovich "Dashek", † 1408 .
│  │  │  │  │  └─>Descendants - the princes Dashkov .
│  │  │  │  ├─>Ivan Svyatoslavovich
│  │  │  │  │  ?
│  │  │  │  │  └─>Descendants - the princes of Porkhovsky .
│  │  │  │  ├─> Vasily Svyatoslavovich
│  │  │  │  │  └─>Dmitry Vasilievich «Kropotka»
│  │  │  │  │     └─>Descendants - the princes Kropotkin and Kropotka-Yalovitskie .
│  │  │  │  ├─>Ulyana
│  │  │  │  │  х1 prince Vasily Mikhailovich Narimontovich, † 1390 
│  │  │  │  │ "Pan" Mstislavsky ( 1352 ). Prince Pinsky ( 1355 ).
│  │  │  │  │  х2Monovid.
│  │  │  │  ├─gripina
│  │  │  │  │  х prince Ivan Olgimonovich Golshansky , † after 1401 
│  │  │  │  ├─>Anna Svyatoslavovna , † July 31,  1418 .
│  │  │  │  │  х Vytautas * 1354 / 5 , † 27 October  1430 .
│  │  │  │  │     Grand Duke of Lithuania ( 1392 - 1430 ).
│  │  │  │  └─> N. (daughter)
│  │  │  │     х Prince Boris Mikhailovich Kashinsky.
│  │  │  └─>Vasily, † 1397 .
│  │  │  Prince Selekhovsky.
│  │  │     └─>Descendants - the princes Selekhovsky .
│  │  ├─>Vasily, † 1314 .
│  │  │ Prince of Bryansk.
│  │  └─>Dmitry, † 1300 .
│  ├─>oman, † after 1300 .
│  │  └─>Dmitry, † after 1341 .
│  │     └─>Feodosia, † 1342 .
│  │        х Ivan II Ivanovich "Red" , * on March 30  1326 , † November 13  1359 
│  │ Grand Prince Vladimir ( 1353 - 1359 ).
│  ├─Svyatoslav, † in the battle with the Tatars near Bryansk 1310.
│  │ Prince of Mozhaisk (previously 1303 ). Prince Bryansky ( 1309 ).
│  │  х Anna.
│  │  ├─>Vladimir, † after 1302 .
│  │  │  └─>Andrey "The Long Hand"
│  │  │     ├─>Fyodor Vyazemsky
│  │  │     │  └─>Descendants - the princes Vyazemsky .
│  │  │     ├─>Vasily Vyazemsky
│  │  │     │  └─>Descendants - the princes Vyazemsky .
│  │  │     └─>Ivan Vyazemsky
│  │  ├─>Ivan
│  │  │ ?
│  │  │  └─>Mikhail Ivanovich Vyazemsky, up. 1386 .
│  │  │     └─>Aleksandr Mikhailovich Vyazemsky, up. 1403 .
│  │  ├─Mikhail
│  │  │ ?
│  │  ├─Ivan Mikhailovich Vyazma, Smolensk † 1395 / 6 .
│  │  ├─>Gleb, † December 6,  1340 .
│  │  ├─>Fyodor, † after the 1350's.
│  │  │ The Grand Duke of Smolensk ( 1345 , from 1352 ). Prince in Volok Lamsky ( 1346 / 7 ).
│  │  │  └─>vpraksiya, † con. 14th century.
│  │  │     х 1344 / 5 , divorce 1345 / 6  Semyon Ivanovich "Proud" , * 1316 , † 11 on March  1353 .
│  │  │ The Grand Duke Vladimir ( 1340 - 1353 ).
│  │  └─>Yuri
│  │   x daughter of Prince Vasily Davidovich Yaroslavsky.
│  │     └─>leksandr "The Monastery"
│  │        └─>Descendants - Monastyryov , Mussorgsky , Oladyiny, Tsiplyatev, Burukhins.
│  └─>Vsevolod, † after 1314 .
│     └─>Descendants - Vsevolozhi , Zabolotskie , Turikovy .
├─>Mikhail Rostislavich , † 1279 .
│ The Grand Duke of Smolensk (1278-1279).
│  └─>Andrei, † after 1312 .
│ Vicar of Smolensk from Uncle Fyodor Rostislavich ( 1284 ).
│ Prince Vyazemsky. The governor in Novgorod ( 1307 - 1309 ).
├─>Fyodor Rostislavich "Black" , † September 20,  1299
│ Prince Mozhaisky (mid 12th century). Prince Yaroslavsky.
│ The Grand Duke of Smolensk ( 1280 - 1297 ).
│  х Maria (Theodosius), prince of Yaroslavl Vasily Vsevolodovich.
│  └─>Princes of Uglich , Yaroslavl , Mologa, Romanov.

? [2]

└─>Konstantin Rostislavovich
   └─>Fyoedor Konstantinovich
      └─>Aleksxandr Fyodorovich "Netsha"
         He left for Grand Duke Ivan I Danilovich "Kalita" in the second quarter. XIV century.
         └─>Descendants without princely titles.

Tatishchev's genealogy from the Grand Duke Gleb Svyatoslavovich, from his grandson Ivan Dmitrievich "Shah", is extremely doubtful [3] : chronologically and territorially. Also, with such attributed origin, the loss of the princely title is completely inexplicable.

The origin of Field and Eropkin from Grand Duke Yuri Svyatoslavovich, from his son Fyodor, is chronologically impossible [4].

The origin of the princes of Fominsky from Grand Prince Yuri Svyatoslavovich, from the allegedly his son Konstantin Fominsky and Berezuisky, is impossible chronologically [5]. Consequently, the position of princes Kozlovsky among the Smolensk princes is unknown.

Perhaps, Fields, Eropkins and princes of Fominsk are the descendants of Yuri Svyatoslavovich, from Svyatoslav Glebovich, Prince Mozhaisky, and after Briansk, (for example, from his first wife), and not the Grand Duke of Smolensk. [ source not specified 2479 days ] The error is probably due to the fact that Fedor Svyatoslavovich reigned for some time in Smolensk.

See also[]

List of Smolensk governors

Notes[]

  1. ^ (may have been co-rulers or succeeded each other)
  2. ^ Кузьмин А. В. Опыт комментария к актам Полоцкой земли второй половины XIII — начала XV в. // Древняя Русь. № 2 (28). 2007. С. 40-41.
  3. ^ Веселовский С. Б. Смоленские князья [Фоминские, Полевы, Еропкины, Порховские] // Веселовский С. Б. Исследования по истории класса служилых землевладельцев. М., 1969. С. 361
  4. ^ Веселовский С. Б. Смоленские князья [Фоминские, Полевы, Еропкины, Порховские] // Веселовский С. Б. Исследования по истории класса служилых землевладельцев. М., 1969. С. 360—361, 369—372
  5. ^ Grand Prince Yuri Svyatoslavovich died in 1407; Prince Fedor Krasnov Konstantinovich Fominsky was married to Princess Eupraxia (soon after her divorce in 1345/6), the daughter of Prince Feodor Svyatoslavovich Smolensky. See: Веселовский С. Б. Смоленские князья [Фоминские, Полевы, Еропкины, Порховские] // Веселовский С. Б. Исследования по истории класса служилых землевладельцев. М., 1969. С. 363

Literature[]

  • Template:ВТ-РБС
  • Кузьмин А. В. Князья Можайска и судьба их владений в XIII—XIV в.: Из истории Смоленской земли // Древняя Русь. Вопросы медиевистики. — 2004. — № 4 (18).
  • Веселовский С. Б. Всеволожи-Заболотские // Веселовский С. Б. Исследования по истории класса служилых землевладельцев. — М., 1969. — С. 331—358.
  • Веселовский С. Б. Смоленские князья [Фоминские, Полевы, Еропкины, Порховские] // Веселовский С. Б. Исследования по истории класса служилых землевладельцев. — М., 1969. — С. 359—373.
  • Веселовский С. Б. Монастыревы // Веселовский С. Б. Исследования по истории класса служилых землевладельцев. — М., 1969. — С. 374—396.
  • Любимов С. В. Жижемские // Любимов С. В. Опыт исторических родословий: Гундоровы, Жижемские, Несвицкие, Сибирские, Зотовы и Остерманы. — Пг., 1915. — С. 14—34. (Присутствуют ошибки и сбои в поколениях).
  • Рапов О. М. Княжеские владения на Руси в X — первой половине XIII в. — М., 1977.
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