|Principality of Putivl |
Principalities of Kievan Rus' (1054-1132)
|Historical era||Middle ages|
The Principality of Putivl was an appanage principality that existed in the XI - XIII centuries during feudal disunity in Russia. The center of the principality was the city of Putivl.
In the 11th century the Principality of Chernigov started to be divided into several smaller appanage principalities, among which the Principality of Novgorod-Siversky, founded in 1097. In the 1140s and 1150s the Principality of Novgorod-Siversky separated from the Principality of Chernigov and, by the end of the 12th century, had further been divided into several small principalities such an the Principality of Kursk, the Principality of Putyvl and other cities.
The earliest mention refers to 1146, when Svyatoslav Olgovich retreated to Putivl from Novgorod-Seversky under the pressure of the Davydoviches of Chernigov. However, archeologists prove the existence of a wooden fortress in the X century.
The principality of Putyvl was created around 1150, its first ruler being Svyatoslav Olgovich. The principality was then ruled by Igor's successors. In this period the princes of Putivl frequently clashed with the Polovtsians. In 1185, Prince Igor (the hero of " The Tale of Igor's Campaign") set out from Putivl to march against the Polovtsians. In response, the Polovtsians counterattacked, ravaging the neighborhood of Putivl. In 1223, the army of Putivl took part in the Battle of the Kalka River, possibly the grandson of Igor Izyaslav Vladimirovich.
When Batu Khan attacked Eastern Europe in the 1239, the principality of Putyvl was ravaged, but it continued to exist under Tatar hegemony. In 1362, after the Battle of Blue Waters it came under the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1500, Grand Prince Ivan III Vasilyevich incorporated Putivl into the Muscovite state.
In the Time of Troubles the territory of the Principality of Putivl was the main focus of the Bolotnikov rebellion.
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