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Putnam County, Florida
PutnamCCourtPalatka.JPG
Putnam County Courthouse
Seal of Putnam County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Putnam County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded January 18, 1849
Named for Benjamin A. Putnam
Seat Palatka
Largest city Palatka
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

827 sq mi (2,142 km²)
728 sq mi (1,886 km²)
99 sq mi (256 km²), 12.0%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

73,321
101/sq mi (39/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.putnam-fl.com

Putnam County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Florida. As of the 2020 census, the population was 73,321.[1] Its county seat is Palatka.[2]

Putnam County comprises the Palatka, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA Combined Statistical Area. The county is centrally located between Jacksonville, Gainesville, St. Augustine, and Daytona Beach.

History[]

Putnam County was created in 1849.[3] It was Florida's 28th county created from parts of St. Johns, Alachua, Orange, Duval, and Marion counties. The county was named for Benjamin A. Putnam, who was an officer in the First Seminole War, a lawyer, Florida legislator, and the first president of the Florida Historical Society. The Putnam County Historical Society has determined that Benjamin A. Putnam is the grandson of Israel Putnam, for whom other counties and places in the United States are named.[4] Benjamin A. Putnam died in the county seat of Palatka in 1869.

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 827 square miles (2,140 km2), of which 728 square miles (1,890 km2) is land and 99 square miles (260 km2) (12.0%) is water.[5]

The county contains various sinkhole lakes such as Lake Barco and Lake Suggs, where unconsolidated deposits on the surface have slumped into the highly soluble limestone of the upper Floridan aquifer.[6]

Adjacent counties[]

National protected area[]

  • Ocala National Forest (part)

State Park[]

  • Ravine Gardens
  • Dunns Creek

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 687
1860 2,712 294.8%
1870 3,821 40.9%
1880 6,261 63.9%
1890 11,186 78.7%
1900 11,641 4.1%
1910 13,096 12.5%
1920 14,568 11.2%
1930 18,096 24.2%
1940 18,698 3.3%
1950 23,615 26.3%
1960 32,212 36.4%
1970 36,290 12.7%
1980 50,549 39.3%
1990 65,070 28.7%
2000 70,423 8.2%
2010 74,364 5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2020[1]

As of the 2000 United States Census[11] there were 70,423 people, 27,839 households, and 19,459 families residing in the county. The population density was 98 people per square mile (38/km2). There were 33,870 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 77.91% White, 17.04% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.94% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 5.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 27,839 households, out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the age distribution of the population shows 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,180, and the median income for a family was $34,499. Males had a median income of $29,975 versus $20,955 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,603. About 15.80% of families and 20.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.60% of those under age 18 and 13.10% of those age 65 or over.

Ancestry/Ethnicity[]

As of 2017 the largest self-reported ethnic/ancestry groups in Putnam County, Florida are:[12]

Largest ancestries (2017) Percent
English 20.0%
German 9.5%
Irish 8.2%
"American" 8.0%
Polish 2.2%
Scottish 2.0%
Spaniard 1.7%
Scots-Irish 1.3%
Dutch 1.0%
Scottish 2.9%
Swedish 0.8%

[12]

Education[]

The main campus of St. Johns River State College is located in Palatka (the county seat). First Coast Technical College is public, post secondary vocational school with a campus in Palatka.

Libraries[]

Putnam County is served by the Putnam County Library System which has five branches:

  • Palatka (main)
  • Bostwick
  • Crescent City
  • Interlachen
  • Melrose

Communities[]

Cities[]

  • Crescent City
  • Palatka

Towns[]

  • Interlachen
  • Pomona Park
  • Welaka

Census-designated place[]

  • East Palatka

Other unincorporated communities[]

  • Bardin
  • Bostwick
  • Carraway
  • Crossley
  • Edgar
  • Florahome
  • Francis
  • Fruitland
  • Georgetown
  • Grandin
  • Hollister
  • Huntington
  • Johnson Crossroads
  • Lake Como
  • Mannville
  • Melrose
  • Orange Mills
  • Putnam Hall
  • Ridgewood
  • Rodman
  • San Mateo
  • Satsuma
  • Springside
  • Yelvington

Politics[]

United States presidential election results for Putnam County, Florida[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 25,514 70.05% 10,527 28.90% 381 1.05%
2016 22,138 66.48% 10,094 30.31% 1,069 3.21%
2012 19,326 61.50% 11,667 37.13% 431 1.37%
2008 19,637 59.01% 13,236 39.77% 406 1.22%
2004 18,311 59.12% 12,412 40.07% 250 0.81%
2000 13,457 51.29% 12,107 46.14% 675 2.57%
1996 9,786 38.91% 12,010 47.75% 3,356 13.34%
1992 8,910 34.72% 10,709 41.73% 6,042 23.55%
1988 11,624 57.24% 8,575 42.23% 108 0.53%
1984 11,435 59.37% 7,823 40.61% 4 0.02%
1980 8,273 46.67% 8,906 50.24% 548 3.09%
1976 5,040 34.03% 9,597 64.81% 172 1.16%
1972 8,741 74.61% 2,901 24.76% 74 0.63%
1968 2,955 26.80% 2,920 26.49% 5,150 46.71%
1964 5,072 50.38% 4,995 49.62% 0 0.00%
1960 4,236 48.72% 4,459 51.28% 0 0.00%
1956 4,212 56.58% 3,232 43.42% 0 0.00%
1952 3,766 51.65% 3,525 48.35% 0 0.00%
1948 1,435 29.68% 1,947 40.27% 1,453 30.05%
1944 1,163 28.44% 2,926 71.56% 0 0.00%
1940 1,008 22.47% 3,477 77.53% 0 0.00%
1936 975 26.47% 2,709 73.53% 0 0.00%
1932 911 28.29% 2,309 71.71% 0 0.00%
1928 2,105 63.01% 1,156 34.60% 80 2.39%
1924 574 35.13% 889 54.41% 171 10.47%
1920 1,181 40.51% 1,557 53.41% 177 6.07%
1916 418 28.67% 879 60.29% 161 11.04%
1912 229 19.51% 774 65.93% 171 14.57%
1908 454 30.88% 797 54.22% 219 14.90%
1904 210 25.83% 562 69.13% 41 5.04%
1900 250 25.13% 648 65.13% 97 9.75%
1896 816 43.08% 990 52.27% 88 4.65%
1892 0 0.00% 885 78.74% 239 21.26%



Transportation[]

Airports[]

  • The main airport within the county is the Palatka Municipal Airport. Minor and private air strips also exist.

Highways[]

  • US 17 is the main local road through eastern Putnam County, running south to north.
  • [[Template:Infobox road/FL/link FL|Template:Infobox road/FL/abbrev FL]] is the hidden route for US 17 within the county and the vicinity.
  • [[Template:Infobox road/FL/link FL|Template:Infobox road/FL/abbrev FL]] is a mostly scenic north and south road that enters the county from Ocala National Forest and terminates with US 17 in Palatka.
  • [[Template:Infobox road/FL/link FL|Template:Infobox road/FL/abbrev FL]] runs west to east through the panhandle into Putnam County east from Hawthorne in Alachua County, and joins US 17/SR 100 in Palatka.
  • [[Template:Infobox road/FL/link FL|Template:Infobox road/FL/abbrev FL]] runs south to north from SR 20 in McMeekin through Melrose before entering Clay County.
  • [[Template:Infobox road/FL/link FL|Template:Infobox road/FL/abbrev FL]] runs west to east through Gilcrhist and Alachua Counties before entering Putnam County in Melrose and terminating at SR 100 in Putnam Hall.
  • [[Template:Infobox road/FL/link FL|Template:Infobox road/FL/abbrev FL]] runs northwest to southeast from Clay County southeast of Keystone Heights, passing through Putnam Hall, Florahome, and Palatka where it joins US 17, and later SR 20 in a concurrency into San Mateo where SR 100 (and hidden SR 20) runs southeast towards the Flagler County Line
  • [[Template:Infobox road/FL/link FL|Template:Infobox road/FL/abbrev FL]] is a west to east route that runs northeast from US 17/SRs 20/100 through Orange Mills and then the St. Johns County Line..

Rail transport[]

The historic Old Atlantic Coast Line Union Depot is the current Amtrak station in Palatka for Putnam County along the CSX Sanford Subdivision. Originally the station not only served the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad but also served the Seaboard Air Line Railroad, the Southern Railway, Florida East Coast Railroad, and the Ocklawaha Valley Railroad. Additionally, the Edgar Spur of the CSX Wildwood Subdivision enters the western edge of the county from Alachua County.

Navigable Waterways[]

  • St. Johns River

See also[]

  • Drayton Island
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Putnam County, Florida

References[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/14107.html. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  3. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 33. https://books.google.com/books?id=WZQ-AAAAYAAJ&pg=RA2-PA33. 
  4. ^ "The Naming of Our Putnam County". http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~flpchs/newsletter_oct07.htm. "Family researcher Bill Putman appears to have made the link between Israel and Benjamin Alexander Putnam. One of Israel's sons was Benjamin Farley Putnam who was born in Danvers (Salem Village), Massachusetts on August 26, 1751. He served as a surgeon in the Revolutionary War and settled in Savannah before 1787. He was married to Ann Sophia Malcolm who was from Washington, D.C. They had two children who died young: John (1794) and Helen (1792). Their other children were Augustus H. (1792–1817), John Gustavus (1796–1864 in Madison, Florida), Charles E. (1797–1847), Caroline (1800–1839 in New Jersey), and our Benjamin Alexander Putnam." 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geographies/reference-files/time-series/geo/gazetteer-files.html. 
  6. ^ Mueller, David K.; Helsel, Dennis R. (1996). "Field Studies of Karst Terrain". Circular. The Survey. p. 52. https://books.google.com/books?id=i_wkAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA52. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/fl190090.txt. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  12. ^ a b "Archived copy". https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/17_5YR/DP02/0500000US12107. 
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/. 

External links[]

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Government links/Constitutional offices[]

Special districts[]

Judicial branch[]

Tourism links[]

Template:PCFPEI Template:Jacksonville Metro Template:North Florida

Coordinates: 29°37′N 81°44′W / 29.61, -81.74

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Putnam County, Florida. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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